Pengaruh Efikasi Diri terhadap Perilaku Menyontek Siswa Sekolah Dasar selama Pembelajaran Daring

Anitasari Anitasari, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Olivia Pandansari, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Rika Susanti, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Kurniawati Kurniawati, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Abdul Aziz, Universitas Negeri Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

Abstract


Rendahnya efikasi diri pada siswa dapat mendorong terjadinya perilaku tidak terpuji seperti perilaku menyontek. Sedangkan efikasi diri yang tinggi memungkinkan siswa menjadi pribadi yang mampu menyelesaikan semua tugas sekolah dengan usaha dan kemampuan yang dimiliki. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh efikasi diri terhadap perilaku menyontek siswa sekolah dasar selama pembelajaran daring. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan penelitian kuantitatif dengan jenis ex-post facto. Populasi pada penelitian ini ialah siswa SD Negeri Talkondo Poncosari, Srandakan, Bantul kelas IV, V, dan VI. Penelitian ini melibatkan seluruh populasi dengan jumlah 45 siswa. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan skala efikasi diri dan skala perilaku menyontek. Selanjutnya, data dianalisis menggunakan analisis regresi sederhana dengan bantuan SPSS 24.0. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa efikasi diri berpengaruh negatif terhadap perilaku menyontek siswa. Dalam penelitian ini, efikasi diri memberikan pengaruh sebesar 23,9% terhadap perilaku menyontek siswa, sedangkan sisanya dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian tersebut, guru dan orang tua perlu melakukan berbagai upaya untuk meminimalisir terjadinya perilaku menyontek, khususnya saat pembelajaran daring seperti saat ini.

 

The Effect of Self-Efficacy towards Cheating Behavior of Elementary School Student during Online Learning

Low self-efficacy in students can encourage the occurrence of disgraceful behavior such as cheating behavior. While high self-efficacy enables students to become persons who can complete all of the school assignments with their efforts and abilities that they have. The purpose of this research is to find out the effect of self-efficacy on the cheating behavior of elementary school students during online learning. This research uses a quantitative research approach with a type of ex-post-facto. The population in this research are students of Talkondo Poncosari State Elementary School  Srandakan, Bantul in IV, V, and VI grades. This research implicates the entire population with a total of 45 students. Data are collected by using the scale of self-efficacy and the scale of cheating behavior. Furthermore, the data are analyzed by using simple regression analysis with the help of SPSS 24.0. The result of the research shows that self-efficacy has a negative effect on students' cheating behavior. In this research, self-efficacy provides an effect of 23.9% towards students' cheating behavior, while the remainder is affected by other factors. Based on the result of the research, teachers and parents need to make various efforts to minimize the occurrence of cheating behavior, particularly during online learning as of today.


Keywords


efikasi diri; perilaku menyotek; pembelajaran daring

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anderman, E. M., & Koenka, A. C. (2017). The relation between academic motivation and cheating. theory into practice, 56(2), 95–102. https://doi.org/10.1080/00405841.2017.1308172

Cussó-Calabuig, R., Farran, X. C., & Bosch-Capblanch, X. (2018). Effects of intensive use of computers in secondary school on gender differences in attitudes towards ICT: A systematic review. Education and Information Technologies, 23(5), 2111–2139. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10639-018-9706-6.

Erawati, M. (2015). Prestasi akademik siswa dalam kaitannya dengan motivasi akademik, persepsi terhadap dukungan akademik dan peran orang tua. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Finn, K. V., & Frone, M. R. (2004). Academic performance and cheating: Moderating role of school identification and self-efficacy. Journal of Educational Research. https://doi.org/10.3200/JOER.97.3.115-121.

Hamdani, R. U. (2014). Menyontek...? yukk!! hmm...nggak ah!!. Diakses dari Transmedia. https://books.google.co.id/books?hl=id&lr=&id=8TR2BAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA2&dq=Menurut+Hamdani+(2014:+76)+faktor+penyebab+terjadinya+perilaku+menyontek+&ots=BLBOFAqqzZ&sig=ZZkahkApmXkkHpEJTtctpjpnnEg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false.

Hampton, D., Culp-Roche, A., Hensley, A., Wilson, J., Otts, J. A., Thaxton-Wiggins, A., Fruh, S., & Moser, D. K. (2020). Self-efficacy and satisfaction with teaching in online courses. Nurse Educator, 45(6), 302–306. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNE.0000000000000805.

Hariandi, A. (2020). Implementasi nilai kejujuran akademik peserta didik di lingkungan sekolah dasar. Nur El-Islam: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Sosial Keagamaan, 7(1), 52–66.

King, C. G., Guyette, R. W., & Piotrowski, C. (2009). Online exams and cheating: An empirical analysis of business students’ views. Journal of Educators Online, 6(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.9743/JEO.2009.1.5

King, D. L. (2014). E-Cheating: Incidence and trends among college students. Issues in Information Systems, 15(1), 20–27.

Kurniasih, P., Limbong, E. G., & Handayani, D. (2019). Infografis alasan menyontek dan tipe-tipe penyontek: pandangan etika mengenai perilaku menyontek. Jurnal Desain, 6(02), 112–128. https://doi.org/10.30998/jurnaldesain.v6i2.2969.

Kusrieni, D. (2014). Hubungan efikasi diri dengan perilaku mencontek. PSIKOPEDAGOGIA Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling, 3(2), 100–101. https://doi.org/10.12928/psikopedagogia.v3i2.4469.

Landrum, B. (2020). Examining students’ confidence to learn online, self-regulation skills and perceptions of satisfaction and usefulness of online classes. Online Learning Journal, 24(3), 128–146. https://doi.org/10.24059/olj.v24i3.2066.

Latifah, A. (2018). Pengaruh konsep diri dan efikasi diri terhadap motivasi berprestasi. Jurnal Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar Edisi 29 Tahun Ke-7 2018, 7(29), 811–821.

Lusiane, L., & Garvin. (2018). Tekanan orangtua, perfeksionisme, dan ketidakjujuran akademik pada pelajar di Jakarta (Parental pressure, perfectionism, and academical dishonesty among students in Jakarta). Mind Set, 9(1), 60–77.

Manoppo, Y., & Mardapi, D. (2014). Analisis metode cheating pada tes berskala besar. Jurnal Penelitian dan Evaluasi Pendidikan, 18(1), 115–128. https://doi.org/10.21831/pep.v18i1.2128.

Priaswandy, G. M. (2015). Hubungan antara self efficacy dengan perilaku menyontek pada siswa kelas xi di sma negeri 1 Pleret Bantul Yogyakarta. Jurnal Riset Mahasiswa Bimbingan dan Konseling, 4(6), 1–14.

Purwaningsih, A. Y., & Herwin, H. (2020). Pengaruh regulasi diri dan kedisiplinan terhadap kemandirian belajar siswa di sekolah dasar. Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Pendidikan, 13(1), 22–30. https://doi.org/10.21831/jpipfip.v13i1.29662.

Purwanto, A. (2015). Pengaruh efikasi diri terhadap perilaku menyontek siswa kelas v sekolah dasar negeri se-gugus ii kecamatan Pakem kabupaten Sleman tahun ajaran 2014/2015. Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan. Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

Putarek, V., & Pavlin-Bernardić, N. (2019). The role of self-efficacy for self-regulated learning, achievement goals, and engagement in academic cheating. European Journal of Psychology of Education. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10212-019-00443-7.

Salami, S. (2010). Emotional intelligence, self-efficacy, psychological well-being and students attitudes: Implications for quality education. European Journal of Educational Studies, 2(3), 247–257. http://www.ozelacademy.com/EJES_v2n3_8.pdf.

Schmelkin, L. P., Gilbert, K., Spencer, K. J., Pincus, H. S., & Silva, R. (2008). A multidimensional scaling of college students’ perceptions of academic dishonesty. Journal of Higher Education, 79(5), 587–607. https://doi.org/10.1353/jhe.0.0021.

Sieman, A. M. (2009). Motivational predictors of academic cheating among first-year college students: goals, expectations, and costs. North Carolina State University.

SE Mendikbud No. 4 Tahun 2020, Pelaksanaan kebijakan pendidikan dalam masa darurat penyebaran corona virus disease (Covid-19).

Watson, G., & Sottile, J. (2010). Cheating in the digital age: do students cheat more in online courses?. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 13(1).

Widyaninggar, A. A. (2015). Pengaruh efikasi diri dan lokus kendali (locus of control) terhadap prestasi belajar matematika. Formatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan MIPA, 4(2), 89–99. https://doi.org/10.30998/formatif.v4i2.143.

Yokoyama, S. (2019). Academic self-efficacy and academic performance in online learning: A mini review. Frontiers in Psychology, 9(JAN), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02794.

Yu, H., Glanzer, P. L., Sriram, R., Johnson, B. R., & Moore, B. (2017). What contributes to college students’ cheating? A study of individual factors. Ethics and Behavior, 27(5), 401–422. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508422.2016.1169535.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/jpipfip.v14i1.37661

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Pendidikan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Supervised by:


Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Pendidikan has been indexed by:

  

 

View My Stats

Flag Counter