The effect of parenting style and genetic personality on children character development

Masduki Asbari, Wakhida Nurhayati, Agus Purwanto

Abstract


Character building is very important to become a key educational mainstream in Indonesia for formal, non-formal and informal setting. There are several factor that influence children character building, namely parenting style and genetic personality. The purpose of this research is to identify the influence of parenting style and genetic personality to children’s character development. This research is a correlational study using survey and quantitative method. The population in this study were parents of students in Yayasan Pendidikan Aya Sophia Islamic School. Data collection was carried out by simple random sampling via electronic to a population of 1,243 parents of students. The returned and valid questionnaire results were 398 samples. Data collection technique is using questionnaire with likert scale. The instrument of this study is a modification from Parenting Style Questionnaire (PSQ) Robinson et al. (1995) and Roman et al. (2015). To measure the genetic personality, the instrument is adapted from STIFIn Personality Concept (Poniman, 2013). Another instrument used to measure children character development is an adaptation from Poniman et. Al (2014). Analysis from this study is using SEM (Structural Equation Model) with SmartPLS version 3.0 as a statistic tools. The result of this study argued that parenting style and genetic personality have a positive influence and significantly contributed to children character building.

Keywords


children character building; parenting style; personality genetic; STIFIn personality

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/pep.v23i2.28151

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