MODEL MULTILEVEL PERTUMBUHAN ANAK USIA 0-24 BULAN DAN VARIABEL YANG MEMPENGARUHINYA

Irianton Aritonang

Abstract


Tujuan umum penelitian ini untuk mengkaji bagaimana berbagai variabel mempengaruhi pertumbuhan anak usia 0-24 bulan di kabupaten Sleman. Penelitian noneksperimen desain korelasional ini dilakukan pada 272 anak usia 0-24 bulan yang diambil secara acak stratifikasi dari dua kecamatan (Sleman dan Moyudan) yang ditentukan secara purposif. Analisis multilevel pertumbuhan anak dilakukan dengan program Stata-10 dan analisis jalur dilakukan dengan program Amos-8. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan variabel berat badan lahir, jenis kelamin dan strata usia anak dan status gizi ibu dengan pertumbuhan anak pada level-1 dan ada hubungan variabel hasil penimbangan pada level-2, sedangkan pada level 3 ada hubungan yang tidak signifikan hasil penimbangan dan pencapaian program. Hasil analisis jalur yang mempengaruhi pertumbuhan anak 0-24 bulan, yakni variabel endogenous terdiri dari status gizi ibu, pengetahuan ibu tentang gizi seimbang, pertumbuhan anak indeks BB/U, hasil penimbangan tingkat dusun dan hasil program tingkat desa. Sedangkan variabel exogenous terdiri dari sikap ibu terhadap posyandu, berat badan lahir, jenis kelamin dan stratifikasi usia anak.

Kata kunci: Model multilevel, Pertumbuhan anak 0-24 bulan

______________________________________________________________

A MULTILEVEL MODEL FOR THE GROWTH OF CHILDREN AGED 0-24 MONTHS AND THE VARIABLES AFFECTING IT

Abstract The main objective of this study is to investigate how various variables contribute to the growth of children between 0-24  months old in Sleman Regency. This study was a non-experimental correlational design which was conducted on 272 children aged 0-24 months, selected using the purposive stratified random sampling technique from 21 hamlets in two districts (Sleman and Moyudan). The multilevel analysis of children’s growth of was carried out using the Stata-10 program and the path analysis using the Amos-8 program. The results show  that there is a significant correlation among variables of children's birth weight, gender, and age stratification and mothers' nutritional status to children's growth at level 1, and a correlation to the variable of children's weight at level 2, while at level 3 there is no significant correlation between children's weight and program achievement. The path analysis shows that the variables affecting the growth of children aged 0-24 months are endogenous variables, consisting of mothers' nutritional status, mothers' knowledge on balanced diet, children's growth index,  children's weights measured at the hamlet and the result of program at village level, and exogenous variables, consisting of mothers' attitude concerning Posyandu, children's birth weight, gender and age stratification.

Keywords: multilevel model, growth of children aged 0-24 months


Keywords


model multilevel; pertumbuhan anak 0-24 bulan

Full Text:

FULL TEXT PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/pep.v16i0.1109

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Our journal indexed by:


ISSN 2338-6061 (online)

View Journal Visitor Stats