Nilai keutamaan pengetahuan dan kebijaksanaan dalam konteks pendidikan karakter bangsa

Wahyu Hidayat, Jamil Bin Ahmad, Mohd. Isa Bin Hamzah

Abstract


Pengetahuan dan kebijaksanaan adalah nilai keutamaan tentang fungsi kognitif. Pengetahuan dapat diimplementasikan dalam peningkatan kualitas hidup manusia. Dalam konteks pendidikan karakter bangsa, nilai kreatif, rasa ingin tahu, dan gemar membaca merupakan faktor kekuatan karakter yang membangun nilai keutamaan pengetahuan dan kebijaksanaan. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk memeriksa struktur nilai-nilai karakter bangsa yang menjadi bagian dari nilai keutamaan pengetahuan dan kebijaksanaan. Penelitian ini melibatkan 780 responden siswa SMA. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahwa terbentuk tiga faktor kekuatan karakter yaitu kreatif, rasa ingin tahu, dan gemar membaca. Ketiga faktor tersebut merupakan faktor yang dapat membangun nilai keutamaan pengetahuan dan kebijaksanaan.

Kata kunci: pengetahuan dan kebijaksanaan, pendidikan karakter bangsa

 

THE EXCELLENCE VALUES OF KNOWLEDGE AND WISDOM IN NATIONAL CHARACTER EDUCATION CONTEXT

Abstract

Knowledge and wisdom are the excellence value of cognitive function. Knowledge can be implemented in improving the quality of human life. In the context of the nation’s character education, the values of creativity, curiosity and reading habits are the factors of character strengths that build the excellence value of knowledge and wisdom. This study is aimed at examining the structure of the nation's character values which become part of knowledge and wisdom priorities. The study involved 780 senior high school students as the respondents. The findings of the study show that there are three factors of character strength, including creativity, curiosity, and reading habits. These three factors are the factors that can build the excellence value of knowledge and wisdom.

Keywords: knowledge and wisdom, national character education

Full Text:

Fulltext PDF

References


Anderson, J. C., & Gerbing, D. W. (1988). Structural equation modeling in practice: A review and recommended two-step approach. Psychological Bulletin, 103(3), 411–423.

Bevel, R. K., & Mitchell, R. M. (2012). The effects of academic optimism on elementary reading achievement. Journal of Educational Administration, 50(6), 773–787. https://doi.org/10.1108/09578231211264685

Chang, I.-H. (2011). A study of the relationships between distributed leadership, teacher academic optimism and student achievement in Taiwanese elementary schools. School Leadership & Management, 31(5), 491–515. https://doi.org/10.1080/13632434.2011.614945

Chettri, K., & Rout, S. K. (2013). Reading habits - an overview. IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS), 14(6). Retrieved from http://www.iosrjournals.org/iosr-jhss/papers/Vol14-issue6/C01461317.pdf

Cohen, R. J., & Swerdlik, M. (2009). Psychological testing and assessment: an introduction to tests and measurement (7th ed.). USA: McGraw-Hill.

Hair, J. F., Anderson, R. E., Tatham, R. L., & Black, W. C. (2010). Multivariate data analysis (4th ed.). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Hart, D., & Carlo, G. (2005). Moral development in adolescence. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 15(3), 223–233. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7795.2005.00094.x

Josephson Institute of Ethics. (2006). The ethics of American youth. Retrieved from http://www.josephsoninstitute.org

Lickona, T. (2012). Character Matters: Persoalan Karakter, (terj. Juma Wadu Wamaungu & Jean Antunes Rudolf Zien dan Editor Uyu Wahyuddin dan Suryani). Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Littman-Ovadia, H., & Lavy, S. (2012). Character strengths in Israel. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 28(1), 41–50. https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000089

Ma, M., Kibler, J. L., Dollar, K. M., Sly, K., Samuels, D., Benford, M. W., … Wiley, F. (2008). The relationship of character strengths to sexual behaviors and related risks among African American adolescents. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 15(4), 319–327. https://doi.org/10.1080/10705500802365573

Macdonald, C., Bore, M., & Munro, D. (2008). Values in action scale and the Big 5: An empirical indication of structure. Journal of Research in Personality, 42(4), 787–799. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2007.10.003

Nunnally, J. C., & Bernstein, I. H. (1994). Psychometric theory (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw Hill.

Pallant, J. (2016). SPSS survival manual: a step by step guide to data analysis using IBM SPSS. Sydney: Allen & Unwin.

Park, N. (2004). Character strengths and positive youth development. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 591(1), 40–54. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002716203260079

Park, N., Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2006). Character strengths in fifty-four nations and the fifty US States. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 1(3), 118–129.

Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2004). Character strengths and virtues: a handbook and classification. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Pusat Kurikulum Indonesia. (2009). Pengembangan dan pendidikan budaya karakter bangsa. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan republik Indonesia.

Ruch, W., & Proyer, R. T. (2015). Mapping strengths into virtues: the relation of the 24 VIA-strengths to six ubiquitous virtues. Frontiers in Psychology, 6. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00460

Ruch, W., Proyer, R. T., Harzer, C., Park, N., Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2010). Values in action inventory of strengths (VIA-IS). Journal of Individual Differences, 31(3), 138–149. https://doi.org/10.1027/1614-0001/a000022

Schumacker, R., & Lomax, R. (2004). A beginner’s guide to structural equation modeling (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Schwartz, M. J. (2008). Introduction to character education and effective principles. In M. J. Schwartz (Ed.), Effective character education: A guidebook for future educators (pp. 1–23). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Schwartz, S. H. (1994). Are there universal aspects in the structure and contents of human values? Journal of Social Issues, 50(4), 19–45. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.1994.tb01196.x

Shimai, S., Otake, K., Park, N., Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2006). Convergence of character strengths in American and Japanese young adults. Journal of Happiness Studies, 7(3), 311–322. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-005-3647-7

Singh, K., & Choubisa, R. (2010). Empirical validation of values in action-inventory of strengths (VIA-IS) in Indian context. Psychological Studies, 55(2), 151–158. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12646-010-0015-4

Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2013). Using multivariate statistics (6th ed.). Boston: Pearson & Bacon.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/pep.v22i1.18103

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Our journal indexed by:


ISSN 2338-6061 (online)

View Journal Visitor Stats