Model penyelenggaraan work-based learning pada pendidikan vokasi Diploma III Otomotif

Budi Tri Siswanto

Abstract


Penelitian bertujuan: (1) menemukan model penyelenggaraan work-based learning pada pendidikan vokasi program Diploma III Otomotif yang dapat meningkatkan kualitas hasil belajar; (2) mengetahui luaran penyelenggaraan work-based learning dengan model yang dikembangkan. Penelitian R&D dan eksperimen ini dilaksanakan di beberapa pusdiklat/training center berbagai APM (Agen Pemegang Merek) Otomotif di Jakarta, Karawang, Tangerang, dan Bekasi. Populasi penelitian: seluruh mahasiswa Diploma III program studi Teknik Otomotif yang melaksanakan program pengalaman lapangan/praktik industri di provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta dan Jawa Tengah. Dua kelompok mahasiswa sebagai sampel penelitian berjumlah 100 mahasiswa ditentukan dengan teknik purposive sampling yang meliputi 3 PTN dan 3 PTS di DIY dan Jawa Tengah. Eksperimen dilaksanakan dengan rancangan faktorial 2 x 1. Validasi isi dilakukan dengan expert judgement dan analisis faktor dan reliabilitas butir dengan formula Alpha Cronbach dan KR-20. Data dianalisis dengan analisis deskriptif, korelasi, regresi, jalur, uji-t dengan bantuan program SPSS.17 dan Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) dengan bantuan program LISREL 8.80, taraf signifikansi 0,05. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1) model WBL Rolling Terpadu cocok digunakan dalam penyelenggaraan program work-based learning Diploma III Otomotif untuk meningkatkan kualitas hasil belajar; (2) luaran (output) dari model WBL Rolling Terpadu yaitu: pengetahuan mekanik otomotif, sikap profesional, kesiapan mental kerja, dan kemandirian mahasiswa pada kelas model lebih tinggi secara signifikan dibanding kelas konvensional.

 

WORK-BASED LEARNING IMPLEMENTATION MODEL IN AUTOMOTIVE DIPLOMA III VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

Abstract

This research was aimed at: (1) finding the work-based learning implementation model in Automotive Diploma III program, (2) revealing the WBL performance outputs. R&D and experimental research was conducted at several training centers of automotive authorized dealer agencies or (APM) in Jakarta, Karawang, Tangerang, Bekasi. The population were students of Automotive Diploma III study program who were trained in industrial attachment program in Central Java and Yogyakarta Special State provinces. Two groups of 100 students as subject with purposive sampling techniques. Experiment was conducted with 2x1 factorial design. Validity was examinded by expert judgment and by factors analysis. Cronbach’s Alpha formula and KR-20 were used to examine the reliability. Data were analyzed by correlation, multiple regression, path, and t-test with SPSS ver.17. Goodness of Fit model were tested by Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) with LISREL 8.80. The results show that (1) WBL Rolling Terpadu model is fit to improve performance outputs in the implementation Automotive Diploma III work-based learning program, (2) outputs of WBL Rolling Terpadu model are initial automotivemechanic knowledge, professional attitude, work mentally readiness, and personality attitude. These outputs of the experimental group in student work-based learning performance are higher than that of control group.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/jpv.v2i1.1013

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