Indonesian-language version of general self-efficacy scale-12 using Bayesian confirmatory factor analysis: A construct validity testing

Muhammad Dwirifqi Kharisma Putra, Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, Indonesia
Wardani Rahayu, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia
Jahja Umar, Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, Indonesia


The General Self-Efficacy Scale 12 (GSES-12) is a brief measure for assessing self-efficacy. This study aimed to revise an Indonesian language version of the GSES-12 that was translated and adopted from previous research. The revision conducted by following the Guidelines for the Process of Cross-Cultural Adaptation of Self-Report Measures, and the final version was administered to 303 (132 male, 171 female) Indonesian students, with a mean age of 19.56 years (SD: 1.20). This study is presented to establish the construct validity of this instrument further. The results of Bayesian CFA revealed a higher-order structure of factor representing constructs of self-efficacy. Considering the theoretical background and the best model fit indices (PPP-value = 0.549 and BRMSEA = 0.001), it is concluded that the Indonesian version of GSES-12 appears to be a valid instrument in assessing self-efficacy in Indonesian speaking students and is expected to facilitate the examination of self-efficacy in Indonesian speaking populations.


Bayesian; confirmatory factor analysis; general self-efficacy scale-12; self-efficacy

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