PENGEMBANGAN INSTRUMEN DIAGNOSTIK KOGNITIF PADA MATA PELAJARAN IPA DI SMP

 Yuli Prihatni, Kumaidi Kumaidi, Mundilarto Mundilarto

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1) menghasilkan instrumen diagnostik kognitif pada mata pelajaran IPA materi kalor berdasarkan learning continuum, (2) menemukan karakteristik instrumen diagnostik kognitif pada mata pelajaran IPA materi kalor, berdasarkan learning continuum. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode pengembangan tes diagnostik. Penelitian didahului dengan penyusunan learning continum, kisi-kisi tes, hierarki materi prasyarat dan spesifikasi item pada materi IPA konsep kalor yang ditelaah melalui Focus Group Discussion (FGD). Uji coba dilaksanakan dengan subjek uji sebanyak 484 siswa kelas VII SMP di Kabupaten Sleman. Seleksi butir tes untuk mendapatkan fit tes menggunakan program Quest dan Program M Plus untuk uji kecocokan/kesesuaian model atribut dengan matriks Q. Hasil penelitian menunjukan: (1) instrumen yang berhasil dikembangkan berbentuk tes pilihan ganda dengan alasan, berjumlah 28 butir soal dan menghasilkan tujuh Q matrik; (2) analisis dengan program Quest diperoleh butir fit dengan model dan program M Plus menemukan besarnya probabilitas pada setiap latent class pada tujuh Q matriks yang tersusun.

Kata kunci: instrumen, diagnostik kognitif, IPA

 

DEVELOPING THE INSTRUMENTS OF COGNITIVE DIAGNOSTIC FOR SCIENCE SUBJECT IN JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL

Abstract

The study aimed at: (1) producing cognitive diagnostic instruments for science subjects of heat topic based on learning continuum (2) finding the characteristics of the instrument developed The method used in this research is the development of diagnostic tests. The research was preceded by the preparation of learning continuum, test blueprint , hierarchy of prerequisite materials and test specification on materials of science concept which were examined through Focus Group Discussion (FGD).The test trial was implemented with 484 students of class VII SMP in Sleman as subjects. Selection of test items to get fit tests used Quest program and M Plus program to test the suitability/fitness model with the attribute matrix Q. The results show: (1) the instruments developed in the form of a multiple choice test with reason, totaling 28 items and seven Q matrix; (2) analysis using Quest program finds item fit with the model ,and program M Plus find the probability in each latent class on seven Q matrix composed.

Keywords: instruments, cognitive diagnostic, science


Keywords


instrumen; diagnostik kognitif; IPA; instruments; cognitive diagnostic; science

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/pep.v20i1.7524

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