HEGEMONIC MASCULINITY IN ARCHETYPAL AFRICAN NOVELS

Amjad Alsyouf

Abstract


The study attempts to examine the concept of hegemonic masculinity in Tayeb Salih's Season of Migration to the North (1966) and Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart (1958). To achieve that it deals with two concerns. First, it tackles the process of development of masculinity attempting to identify hegemonic masculinity among other stages within this process.  Secondly, it investigates hegemonic masculinity as a concept occasionally occurs in popular African fiction with emphasis placed on its presence in Salih's Season of Migration to the North and Achebe’s Things Fall Apart. The research concludes with a recommendation to focus more research efforts on literature that deals with hypermasculinity, the stage succeeding hegemonic masculinity, as it needs immediate consideration due to its critical impact on contemporary world and audience.

HEGEMONI MASKULINITAS DALAM NOVEL-NOVEL ARCHETYPAL AFRICAN

Penelitian yang bertujuan untuk mengkaji konsep mengenai hegemoni maskulinitas di Tayeb Salih’s Season of Migration to The North (1996) dan Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart (1958) ini berfokus pada dua hal. Pertama, mengkaji proses perkembangan maskulinitas untuk mengidentifikasi hegemoni maskulinitas. Kedua, menginvestigasi hegemoni maskulinitas sebagai sebuah konsep yang selalu muncul dalam karya-karya fiksi afrika dengan penekanan pada Salih’s Season of Migration to The North and Achebe’s Things Fall Apart. Penelitian ini memberikan simpulan dan rekomendasi pada fokus penelitian selanjutnya yang berkaitan dengan hipermaskulinitas, seperti suksesnya hegemoni maskulinitas yang perlu dipertimbangkan penelitiannya karena dampak yang kritis dari dunia dan audiens saat ini.


Keywords


Hegemonic masculinity, Season of Migration to the North, Things Fall Apart

Full Text:

PDF

References


Accad, Evelyn. (1985). “Sexual Politics: Women in Season of Migration to the North”. In M. T. Amyuni (Ed.) Season of Migration to the North by Tayeb Salih: A Casebook, edited by Mona Takieddine Amyuni, Beirut: American University of Beirut.

Achebe, Chinua. (2008). Things Fall Apart, Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers Ltd.

Bilgic, Ali. (2015). “Hybrid Hegemonic Masculinity of the EU before and after the Arab Spring: A Gender Analysis of Euro-Mediterranean Security Relations”, Mediterranean Politics, Vol.20, 3, pp.322-341.

Honderich, Ted. (2005). The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

El-'Ashrī, Jalāl. (1981). “Zūrba Assūdanī aw Albaḥth 'an Alḏat Alafrikiyyah [The Sudanese Zurba, or the Searching for the African Self]”. In Ahmad Said Mohammadiyya et al. (Eds.) Al-Tayyeb Saleh: 'Abqari Arriwaiah Al-'Arabiyyah [Al-Tayyeb Saleh: The Arabic Novel’s Genius], Beirut: Dār El-'Awda.

Gabbidon, Shaun L. & Greene, Helen Taylor. (2009). Encyclopedia of Race and Crime, Los Angeles: Sage.

Hearn, Jeff. (2004). “From Hegemonic Masculinity to the Hegemony of Men”, Feminist Theory, Vol.5, 1, p.p.49-72.

Mezu, Rose Ure. (n.d.). “Women in Achebe's World”, Womanist Theory and Research Journal, http://www.athenscsd.org/userfiles/37/Classes/972/women%20in%20achebe.pdf?id=2258, October 2016.

Morrell, R. Jewkes, R & Lindegger, G. (2012). “Hegemonic Masculinity/ Masculinities in South Africa”, Men and Masculinities, Vol.15, 1, p.p.11-30.

Nietzsche, Friedrich. (1969). Thus Spake Zarathustra. (R. J. Hollingdale, Trans.). New York: Penguin.

Nwankwo, Chimalum. (2001). “Historicity and the Un-Eve-ing of the African Woman: Achebe’s Novels”. In D. Okafor (Ed.) Meditations on African Literature, Westport: Greenwood Press.

O'Neill, D. (n.d.). “Things Fall Apart: The Gender Debate”, The Imperial Archive, School of English, Queen's University of Belfast, http://www.qub.ac.uk/schools/SchoolofEnglish/imperial/nigeria, Accessed September 2016.

Rippl, Gabriele. (2011). “Merit, Justice, Gratitude, Duty, Fidelity: Images of Masculinity in Autobiographies of Early Modern English Gentlewomen and Aristocrats”. In S. Horlacher (Ed.) Constructions of Masculinity in British Literature from the Middle Ages to the Present, New York: Palgrave Springer.

Salih, Tayeb. (1976). Season of Migration to the North. (Denys Johnson-Davies Trans.). London: Heinemann.

Tarnas, Richard. (1996). The Passion of the Western Mind: Understanding the Ideas that have Shaped our World View, London: Pimlico.

Whittaker, D. & Msiska, Mpalive-Hangson. (2007). Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart: A Routledge Study Guide, New York: Routledge.

Zaitchik, Matt C. & Mosher, Donald L. (1993). “Criminal Justice Implications of the Macho Personality Constellation”, Criminal Justice and Behavior, Vol.2, 3, p.p.227-239.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/informasi.v48i2.21657

Refbacks



Copyright (c) 2019 Amjad Alsyouf

Supervised by

RJI Main logo


Our Journal has been Indexed by:

           

 

 Creative Commons License

Informasi by http://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/informasi is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


View My Stats