Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Bangun Ruang di SMP dengan Pendekatan Creative Problem Solving

Yuli Sulistyowati, Sugiman Sugiman

Abstract


Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran bangun ruang dengan pendekatan Creative Problem Solving  yang berkualitas baik berdasarkan kriteria valid, praktis, dan efektif. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian dan pengembangan dengan model pengembangan Four-D yang diadaptasi dari Thiagarajan, Semmel, dan Semmel yang memuat tahap define, design, develop, dan disseminate. Penelitian ini menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran yang terdiri dari Rencana Pelaksanaan Pembelajaran (RPP), Lembar Kegiatan Siswa (LKS), tes prestasi belajar, dan tes kemampuan penalaran matematis. Hasil validasi menunjukkan bahwa perangkat yang dikembangkan memiliki kategori sangat valid untuk masing-masing RPP, LKS, dan tes. Hasil uji coba menunjukkan bahwa RPP dan LKS yang dikembangkan memiliki kategori praktis dan efektif. Kepraktisan mencapai kategori sangat praktis berdasarkan penilaian guru dan mencapai kategori praktis berdasarkan hasil observasi keterlaksanaan pembelajaran dan penilaian siswa. Keefektifan mencapai kategori efektif berdasarkan ketuntasan belajar siswa. Secara klasikal ketuntasan tes prestasi belajar mencapai 76,67% dan tes kemampuan penalaran matematis mencapai 90%.

Kata kunci: pengembangan, perangkat pembelajaran, Creative Problem Solving

 

Developing of Solid Instructional Package with Creative Problem Solving Approach

 

Abstract

The aim of this research was to produce the solid instructional package with Creative Problem Solving  approach which have good quality based on the validity, practicality, and effectiveness criteria. This study was a research and development using the developmental model adapted from Thiagarajan, Semmel, and Semmel included define, design, develop, and disseminate stages. This study produces instructional package consists of lesson plans, student worksheets, achievement tests, and mathematical reasoning tests. The results of the validation showed that the developed package is very valid based on lesson plans, student worksheets, and tests. The results of the tryout indicated that lesson plans and student worksheets are practical and effective. The practicality was in  very practical category based on teacher’s assessment and practical category based on the implementation of learning and student’s assessment. The effectiveness was in the effective category based on student’s learning mastery. In the classical mastery learning it reached 76.67% for achievement and 90% for mathematical reasoning.  

Keywords: development, instructional package, Creative Problem Solving  


Keywords


development; instructional package; Creative Problem Solving

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alderman, M.K. (2004). Motivation for achievement possibilities for teaching and learning (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Arends, R.I. & Kilcher, A. (2010). Teaching for student learning: becoming an accomplished teacher. New York, NY: Routledge.

Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. (2007). Panduan penilaian kelompok mata pelajaran ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi. Jakarta: BSNP.

Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. (2012). Laporan hasil ujian nasional SMP/MTS tahun pelajaran 2011/2012. Jakarta: BSNP.

Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. (2013). Laporan hasil ujian nasional SMP/MTS tahun pelajaran 2012/2013. Jakarta: BSNP.

Brodie, K. (2010). Teaching mathematical reasoning in secondary school classroom. New York, NY: Springer Science+business Media.

Cahyono, A.N. (2009). Pengembangan model Creative Problem Solving berbasis teknologi dalam pembelajaran mate-matika di SMA. Makalah disajikan dalam Seminar Nasional Matematika V, di Universitas Negeri Semarang.

Depdiknas. (2006). Permendiknas RI Nomor 22, Tahun 2006, tentang Standar Isi untuk Satuan Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah.

Depdiknas. (2007). Permendiknas RI Nomor 20, Tahun 2007, tentang Standar Penilaian Pendidikan.

Depdiknas. (2007). Permendiknas RI Nomor 41, Tahun 2007, tentang Standar Proses untuk Satuan Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah.

Devi, P.K., Sofiraeni, R., & Khairuddin. (2009). Pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran untuk guru SMP. Bandung: PPPPTK IPA.

Dick, W., Carey, L., & Carey, J.O. (2001). The systematic design of instruction (5th ed.). New York, NY: Addison-Wesley Educational Publisher, Inc.

English, L.D. (2004). Mathematical and analogical reasoning in early childhood. Dalam L. D. English (Eds.), Mathematical and analogical reasoning of young learners (pp.1-22). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Goos, M., Stillman, G., & Vale, C. (2007). Teaching secondary school mathematics. Research and practice for the 21st century. Crows Nest, New South Wales: Allen & Unwin.

Hawkins, K.B., Florian, L., & Rouse, M. (2007). Achievement and inclusion in schools. New York, NY: Routledge.

Isaksen, S.G. (1995). On the conceptual foundations of Creative Problem Solving : a response to magyari-beck. Journal Creativity and Innovation Management, 15, 52.

Isaksen, S.G., Dorval, K.B., & Treffinger, D.J., (2011). Creative approaches to problem solving: a framework for innovation an change (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publication, Inc.

Kemdikbud. (2013). Permendikbud RI Nomor 81A, Tahun 2013, tentang Implementasi Kurikulum Lampiran IV tentang Pedoman Umum Pembelajaran.

Kennedy, L.M., Tipps, S., & Johnson, A. (2008). Guiding children’s learning of mathematics (11th ed.). Belmont, CA: ThomsonWadsworth.

Mitchell, W.E. & Kowalik, T.F. (1999). Creative Problem Solving (3rd ed.). Bufallo, New York, NY: Genigraphics, Inc.

Moore, K.D. (2009). Effective instructional strategies: from theory to practice (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publication, Inc.

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. (2000). Principles and standards for school mathematics. Reston, VA: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, Inc.

Nieveen, N. (1999). Prototyping to reach product quality. Dalam J. van den Akker et al (Eds.), Design approaches and tools in education and training (pp. 125-136). Dordrecht, Netherlands: ICO Cluwer Academic Publishers.

Oystein, H.P. (2011). What characterises high achieving student’ mathematical Reasoning?. Dalam B. Sriraman & K.H. Lee (Eds.), The elements of creativity and giftedness in mathematics (pp.193-215). Rotterdam, Netherlands: Sense Publishers.

Pimta, S., Tayruakham, S., & Nuangchalerm, P. (2009). Factors influencing mathematics problem-solving ability of sixth grade students. Journal of social sciences, 5(4), 381-385.

Republik Indonesia. (2003). Undang-undang RI Nomor 20, Tahun 2003, tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional.

Romberg, T.A. & Shafer, M.C. (2008). The impact of reform instruction on student mathematics achievement. New York, NY: Routledge.

Rosenstein, J.G., et al. (1996). New jersey mathematics curriculum framework. Trenton, NJ: The New Jersey Mathe-matics Coalition and the New Jersey Department of Education.

Superfine, A.C. (2008). Planning for mathematics instruction: a model of experienced teacher’ planning processes in the context of a reform mathematics curriculum. Journal of the Mathematics Educator, 18 (2), 11-22.

Thiagarajan, S., Semmel, D.S., & Semmel, M.I. (1974). Instructional development for training teachers of exceptional children. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University.

Treffinger, D.J. & Isaksen, S.G. (2005). Creative Problem Solving : the history, development, and implications for gifted education and talent development. The evolution of CPS gifted education, 49, 342-353.

Trianto. (2010). Mendesain model pembela-jaran inovatif-progresif: konsep, landasan, dan implementasinya pada Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan (KTSP). Jakarta: Kencana.

Widoyoko, E.P. (2014). Evaluasi program pembelajaran panduan praktis bagi pendidik dan calon pendidik. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Wulanratmini, D. (2010). Peningkatan kemampuan penalaran dan komunikasi matematis dengan pendekatan Creative Problem Solving melalui media geogebra di kota Bandung propinsi Jawa Barat. Tesis magister, tidak diterbitkan, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung.

Yee, L.P. (2010). Designing a mathematics curriculum. Journal IndoMS. J.M.E., 1(1),1-10.

Zeuli, J.S. & Ben-Avie, M. (2003). Connecting with students on a social and emotional level through in-depth discussions of mathematics. Dalam N.M. Haynes, M. Ben-Avie, & J. Ensign (Eds.), How social and emotional development add up (pp.36-64). New York, NY: Teachers College Press.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/pg.v9i2.9082

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


PYTHAGORAS: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika indexed by:


Creative Commons License Pythagoras is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/pythagoras.

All rights reserved p-ISSN: 1978-4538 | e-ISSN: 2527-421X

Visitor Number:

View Pythagoras Stats