Evaluation of Online Practical Learning for Light Automotive Engineering during the Covid-19 Pandemic

Mochammad Baharudin Siddiq, Zainal Arifin, Putu Sudira, Farid Mutohhari


Vocational education is characterized by practical learning. During online learning in the Covid-19 outbreak, students' practice learning outcomes have decreased significantly. This study evaluates the implementation of online practical learning in Vocational High Schools (VHS) for technical competencies of Light Automotive Engineering in terms of Context, Input, Process, and Product (CIPP). This study was conducted at a Vocational High School, SMKN 1 Simpangkatis, Central Bangka Regency. The research subjects were the principal, vice-principal, 5 productive teachers, and 191 students in the department of Light Automotive Engineering. This evaluation research used the CIPP method. Data were collected through questionnaires supported with interviews and documentation. The findings indicated that (1) the implementation of online practical learning for context and input components is included in the medium category and (2) the process and product components are categorized as low.


CIPP, evaluation, online practical learning, technical skills

Full Text:



C. Clarke, L., & Winch, Vocational Education: International Approaches, Developments and Systems (1st ed.). Routledge, 2007.

M. Pavlova, Technology and vocational education for sustainable development: Empowering individuals for the future. Springer Science & Business Media, 2009.

S. Billett, Vocational Education: Purposes, Traditions and Prospects [1 ed.], vol. 53, no. 9. 2011.

M. Pilz, The Future of Vocational Education and Training in A Changing World. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 2012.

P. Sudira, TVET Abad XXI, 2nd ed. Yogyakarta: UNY Press, 2017.

S. Soenarto, Sugito, Suyanta, Siswantoyo, and Marwanti, “Vocational and senior high school professional teachers in industry 4.0,” Cakrawala Pendidik., vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 655–665, 2020, doi: 10.21831/cp.v39i3.32926.

N. N. H. M. Salleh and S. Puteh, “A review of the 21st century skills in technical vocational education and training (TVET),” Adv. Sci. Lett., vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 1225–1228, Feb. 2017, doi: 10.1166/asl.2017.7546.

C. Llopis-Albert, F. Rubio, and F. Valero, “Impact of digital transformation on the automotive industry,” Technol. Forecast. Soc. Change, vol. 162, no. September 2020, p. 120343, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2020.120343.

V. Tūtlys and G. Spöttl, “Disruption of qualifications in manufacturing: challenges and prospects,” Eur. J. Train. Dev., vol. ahead-of-p, no. ahead-of-print, Apr. 2021, doi: 10.1108/EJTD-07-2020-0121.

G. Dogara, M. S. Bin Saud, Y. Bin Kamin, M. Z. B. A. Hamid, and M. S. Bin Nordin, “Developing soft skills through project-based learning in technical and vocational institutions,” Int. J. Eng. Adv. Technol., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 2842–2847, 2019, doi: 10.35940/ijeat.A9803.109119.

D. Sulistyanto, S., Mutohhari, F., Kurniawan, A., & Ratnawati, “Kebutuhan kompetensi dalam pasar tenaga kerja di era revolusi industri 4.0 bagi siswa SMK,” J. Taman Vokasi, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 1–13, 2021, doi: https://doi.org/10.30738/jtv.v9i1.7742.

C. Sun, V. J. Shute, A. Stewart, J. Yonehiro, N. Duran, and S. D’Mello, “Towards a generalized competency model of collaborative problem solving,” Comput. Educ., vol. 143, no. July 2019, p. 103672, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2019.103672.

W. Wagiran, P. Pardjono, W. Suyanto, H. Sofyan, S. Soenarto, and A. Yudantoko, “Competencies of future vocational teachers: perspective of in service teachers and educational experts,” J. Cakrawala Pendidik., vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 387–397, Jun. 2019, doi: 10.21831/cp.v38i2.25393.

C. Zhou and A. Purushothaman, “The need to foster creativity and digital inclusion among women users in developing context - addressing second order digital divide in online skills,” Int. J. Emerg. Technol. Learn., vol. 10, no. 3, p. 69, Jun. 2015, doi: 10.3991/ijet.v10i3.4248.

C. Trilling, B., & Fadel, 21st Century Skills: Learning for Life In Our Times. Calif: John Wiley & Sons., 2012.

I. V Vaganova, O. I., Vezetiu, E. V, Vovk, E., Bulaeva, M. N., & Akimova, “Technology of problem education in the training of vocational education teacher,” Int. J. Innov. Technol. Explor. Eng., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 127–129, Jan. 2020, doi: 10.35940/ijitee.B6408.019320.

M. K. Y. Hidayatuloh and S. Muslim, “Absorption level vocational high school graduates in industrial,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser., vol. 1833, no. 1, 2021, doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1833/1/012019.

K. Afandi and B. Sentot Wijanarka, “Outcomes of vocational high schools in machining expertise in the labor market in Yogyakarta, Indonesia,” Am. J. Educ. Res., vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 599–603, 2019, doi: 10.12691/education-7-9-1.

C. R. Ridzwan, S. Malik, Z. Hanapi, S. Mohamed, M. A. Hussain, and S. Shahrudin, “Skills and knowledge competency of technical and vocational education and training graduate,” Asian Soc. Sci., vol. 13, no. 4, p. 69, 2017, doi: 10.5539/ass.v13n4p69.

R. Fenech, P. Baguant, and I. Abdelwahed, “Work readiness across various specializations,” Acad. J. Interdiscip. Stud., vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 86–92, 2020, doi: 10.36941/AJIS-2020-0064.

J. Ifeoma Obidile, “Revitalization of the technical and vocational education (TVE) programmes for youth empowerment in Nigeria,” Int. J. Vocat. Educ. Train. Res., vol. 4, no. 1, p. 45, 2018, doi: 10.11648/j.ijvetr.20180401.17.

M. Nurtanto, N. Kholifah, A. Masek, P. Sudira, and A. Samsudin, “Crucial problems in arranged the lesson plan of vocational teacher,” Int. J. Eval. Res. Educ., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 345–354, 2021, doi: 10.11591/ijere.v10i1.20604.

H. Hariri, D. H. Karwan, E. Y. Haenilah, R. Rini, and U. Suparman, “Motivation and learning strategies: Student motivation affects student learning strategies,” Eur. J. Educ. Res., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 39–49, 2020, doi: 10.12973/EU-JER.10.1.39.

M. Astuti, Z. Arifin, F. Mutohhari, and M. Nurtanto, “Competency of digital technology: the maturity levels of teachers and students in vocational education in Indonesia,” J. Educ. Technol., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 254–262, 2021, doi: 10.23887/jet.v5i3.35108.

F. Mutohhari, H. Sofyan, and M. Nurtanto, “Technological competencies: a study on the acceptance of digital technology on vocational teachers in Indonesia,” 2021, doi: 10.4108/eai.6-3-2021.2305971.

F. Mutohhari, P. Sudira, and M. Nurtanto, “Automotive engineering drawing learning: effective online learning using autocad application,” J. Educ. Technol., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 214–219, 2021, doi: 10.23887/jet.v5i2.33197.

Herwin, C. S. A. Jabar, A. Senen, and W. Wuryandani, “The evaluation of learning services during the covid-19 pandemic,” Univers. J. Educ. Res., vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 5926–5933, 2020, doi: 10.13189/ujer.2020.082227.

E. M. Onyema, “Impact of coronavirus pandemic on education,” J. Educ. Pract., vol. 11, no. 13, pp. 108–121, 2020, doi: 10.7176/jep/11-13-12.

W. Wagiran, D. Rahdiyanta, A. E. Wibowo, O. L. Sati, and M. R. Badu, “Online learning of mechanical engineering subject in the Covid-19 era: strategy, platform and media,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser., vol. 1700, p. 012027, Dec. 2020, doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1700/1/012027.

Y. Estriyanto, S. Kersten, P. Pardjono, and H. Sofyan, “The missing productive vocational high school teacher competency standard in the Indonesian education system,” J. Tech. Educ. Train., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 26–44, 2017.

C. C. Chinedu, W. A. Wan Mohamed, and A. O. Ajah, “A systematic review on education for sustainable development: Enhancing tve teacher training programme,” J. Tech. Educ. Train., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 109–125, 2018, doi: 10.30880/jtet.2018.10.01.009.

I. M. Sudana, “Revitalization of vocational high school roadmap to encounter the 4.0 industrial revolution,” J. Soc. Sci. Res., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 338–342, 2019, doi: 10.32861/jssr.52.338.342.

R. Rabiman, P. Sudira, H. Sofyan, and M. Nurtanto, “Practical learning media in subject maintenance of chassis and power (MCP) based online: simple learning using videos on YouTube,” Int. J. Interact. Mob. Technol., vol. 15, no. 03, p. 130, 2021, doi: 10.3991/ijim.v15i03.14943.

M. M. Shafi, M. R. Neyestani, S. E. M. Jafari, and V. Taghvaei, “The quality improvement indicators of the curriculum at the technical and vocational higher education,” Int. J. Instr., vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 65–84, 2020, doi: 10.29333/IJI.2021.1415A.

A. L. Sylte, “Predicting the future competence needs in working life: Didactical implications for VET in Norway,” Int. J. Res. Vocat. Educ. Train., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 167–192, 2020, doi: 10.13152/IJRVET.7.2.3.

S. Azwar, Preparing Psychological Scale. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2012.

K. Syauqi, S. Munadi, and M. B. Triyono, “Students’ perceptions toward vocational education on online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic,” Int. J. Eval. Res. Educ., vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 881–886, 2020, doi: 10.11591/ijere.v9i4.20766.

H. Sofyan, F. D. Isnantyo, Fu’Adi, and A. Pratama, “Online learning model in the pandemic time COVID 19 at SMK Negeri 1 Saptosari Yogyakarta,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser., vol. 1700, no. 1, 2020, doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1700/1/012070.

W. Wagiran, D. Rahdiyanta, A. E. Wibowo, O. L. Sati, and M. R. Badu, “Online learning of mechanical engineering subject in the Covid-19 era : strategy, platform and media Online learning of mechanical engineering subject in the Covid-19 era : strategy, platform and media,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser., 2020, doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1700/1/012027.

S. P. Gonçalves, M. J. Sousa, and F. S. Pereira, “Distance learning perceptions from higher education students—the case of Portugal,” Educ. Sci., vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 1–15, 2020, doi: 10.3390/educsci10120374.

C. D. Rahayu and S. B. Sartika, “Students learning motivation and concepts understanding of science through the use of PhET interactive simulations,” SEJ (Science Educ. Journal), vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 63–76, 2020, doi: 10.21070/sej.v4i1.750.

S. Sugiharti and M. K. Sugandi, “Laboratorium virtual : media praktikum online untuk meningkatkan pemahaman siswa di masa pandemi,” in Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidian 2: Transformasi Pendidikan sebagai Upaya Mewujudkan Sustainable Development Goals (SDCs) di Era Society 5.0, pp. 45–51, 2020.

N. L. P. Ananda Saraswati and I. N. E. Mertayasa, “Pembelajaran praktikum kimia pada masa pandemi Covid-19 : qualitative content analysis kecenderungan pemanfaatan teknologi daring,” Wahana Mat. dan Sains J. Mat. Sains, dan Pembelajaran., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 144–161, 2020.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/jptk.v27i2.41378


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Online (e-ISSN): 2477-2410 || Printed (p-ISSN): 0854-4735

Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi Kejuruan by http://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/jptk was distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

Supported by:

Jurnal Ilmiah Magister Managemen

Social Media: