The noble character-based learning in the ornaments of Kraton Yogyakarta: A visual analysis of Javanese cultural heritage

Dwi Retno Sri Ambarwati, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
Tjetjep Rohendi Rohidi, Univrsitas negeri Semarang, Indonesia
Syakir Syakir, Universitas Negeri Semarang
Muhammad Ibnan Syarif, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
Hajar Pamadhi, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia


In the context of art as a language, ornament also functions as a visual language, because in Javanese culture there is a tradition to express an idea, expression, and moral message containing learning about noble morals through ornamentation.  This paper aims to analyze what are the noble moral-based learning contained in ornaments in Kraton Yogyakarta and what influenced them. Data were obtained through field observation, interviews, and literature studies. The results showed that the decorative figural art and ornamentation in Javanese culture are not only visually captivating but also convey profound cultural, religious, and moral meanings, making them an essential part of the Javanese cultural heritage. The visual narrative of ornaments was mainly influenced by cultural acculturation in Javanese society, while noble character-based learning was the result of religious syncretism and belief in Javanese culture.


Noble character, Javanese culture, ornament, Kraton Yogyakarta

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