The individualized instruction application for personal-social skills of students with intellectual disabilities

Ishartiwi Ishartiwi, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Rendy Roos Handoyo, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Wening Prabawati, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Adi Suseno, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Abstract


Individualized learning is an ideal form of intervention for students with intellectual disabilities due to the ability to accommodate the learning requirements of personal-social skills. Although there are contradictions in its implementation, special education teachers have tried to implement it. This survey research aims to identify teachers' experiences in carrying out individualized learning including aspects of forms, constraints, and impacts on students' personal-social skills. The data collection was retrieved through a questionnaire instrument fulfilled by 116 special education teachers in Yogyakarta, who were determined by purposive sampling and analyzed descriptively and quantitatively. The result shows that 88,2 % of teachers apply individualized instruction methods in the form of a classical learning design with functional academic material content. The main obstacle comes from teachers' perception regarding students' condition heterogeneity, which resulted in difficulties in designing the learning activity. The impact on personal-social skills for all aspects shows that 50%-80% of students are able to improve their skills through practice and repetition. In conclusion, individualized instruction applications varied according to teachers' perceptions. While constrained to accommodate each student's requirement, this learning method resulted in a positive impact on skill learning outcomes.

Keywords


individualized instruction; intellectual disability; personal-social

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adeniyi, Y. C., & Omigbodun, O. O. (2016). Effect of a classroom-based intervention on the social skills of pupils with intellectual disability in Southwest Nigeria. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 10(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13034-016-0118-3

Andreasson, I., Asp-Onsjö, L., & Isaksson, J. (2013). Lessons learned from research on individual educational plans in Sweden: obstacles, opportunities and future challenges. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 28(4), 413–426. https://doi.org/10.1080/08856257.2013.812405

Andreasson, I., Asp-Onsjö, L., & Isaksson, J. (2013). Lessons learned from research on individual educational plans in Sweden: obstacles, opportunities and future challenges. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 28(4), 413–426. https://doi.org/10.1080/08856257.2013.812405

Bernie, S.M., Ittenback, R.F. & Patton, J.R (2002). Mental Retardation. Ohio: Merril prentice Hall

Blackwell, W. H., & Rossetti, Z. S. (2014). The development of individualized education programs: Where have we been and where should we go now? SAGE Open, 4(2), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244014530411

Brooks, B. A., Floyd, F., Robins, D. L., & Chan, W. Y. (2015). Extracurricular activities and the development of social skills in children with intellectual and specific learning disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 59(7), 678–687. https://doi.org/10.1111/jir.12171

Butter, L. L. and E. M. (2010). Assessment of Social Skills and Intellectual Disability. July, 179–192. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0609-0

Debbağ, M. (2017). Opinions of Prospective Classroom Teachers about Their Competence for Individualized Education Program (IEP). Universal Journal of Educational Research, 5(2), 181–185. https://doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2017.050202

Groh, A. (2021). Challenges That General Education Teachers Face by. May.

Hallahan, Kauffman, & Pullen. (2014). Exceptional Learners: An Introduction to Special Education, Twelfth Edition. USA: Pearson Education.

Hallahan, Kauffman, & Pullen. (2014). Exceptional Learners: An Introduction to Special Education, Twelfth Edition. USA: Pearson Education.

Ishartiwi. (2007). Model Pembelajaran Terindividualisasikan Bagi Nak Berkebutuhan Khusus (Dalam Pelaksanaan Kurikulum Berbasis Sekolah). http://staffnew.uny.ac.id/upload/131569336/pengabdian/makalah-model-pembelajaran-abk-3-8-sep-07.pdf

Ishartiwi. (2007). Model Pembelajaran Terindividualisasikan Bagi Nak Berkebutuhan Khusus (Dalam Pelaksanaan Kurikulum Berbasis Sekolah). http://staffnew.uny.ac.id/upload/131569336/pengabdian/makalah-model-pembelajaran-abk-3-8-sep-07.pdf

Kartika, A., Retno Suminar, D., Tairas, M. M. W., & Hendriani, W. (2018). Individual Education Program (IEP) Paperwork : A Narrative Review. In International Journal of Engineering & Technology (Vol. 7, Issue 2). www.sciencepubco.com/index.php/IJET

Kartika, A., Retno Suminar, D., Tairas, M. M. W., & Hendriani, W. (2018). Individual Education Program (IEP) Paperwork : A Narrative Review. In International Journal of Engineering & Technology (Vol. 7, Issue 2). www.sciencepubco.com/index.php/IJET

MacLeod, K., Causton, J. N., Radel, M., & Radel, P. (2017). Rethinking the Individualized Education Plan process: voices from the other side of the table. Disability and Society, 32(3), 381–400. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2017.1294048

Mueller, T. G., & Vick, A. M. (2019). An Investigation of Facilitated Individualized Education Program Meeting Practice: Promising Procedures That Foster Family–Professional Collaboration. Teacher Education and Special Education, 42(1), 67–81. https://doi.org/10.1177/0888406417739677

Mumpuniarti. (2004). Manajemen Pembelajaran Terpadu Bagi Kecakapan Hidup Tunagrahita. Cakrawala Pendidikan, 1, 21–42. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v1i1.4859

Mumpuniarti. (2004). Manajemen Pembelajaran Terpadu Bagi Kecakapan Hidup Tunagrahita. Cakrawala Pendidikan, 1, 21–42. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v1i1.4859

Nance, E., & Calabrese, R. L. (2009). Special education teacher retention and attrition: The impact of increased legal requirements. International Journal of Educational Management, 23(5), 431–440. https://doi.org/10.1108/09513540910970520

Nance, E., & Calabrese, R. L. (2009). Special education teacher retention and attrition: The impact of increased legal requirements. International Journal of Educational Management, 23(5), 431–440. https://doi.org/10.1108/09513540910970520

Nazilah, Kunut. (2017). Peningkatan Keterampilan Sosial Anak Tunagrahita Ringan mellaui Metode Bermain Peran di SLB Yapenas Unit II Sleman. Skripsi. Yogyakarta: UNY

Nazilah, Kunut. (2017). Peningkatan Keterampilan Sosial Anak Tunagrahita Ringan mellaui Metode Bermain Peran di SLB Yapenas Unit II Sleman. Skripsi. Yogyakarta: UNY

Oakland, T., & Harrison, P. L. (2008). Adaptive Behavior Assessment System-II, Clinical Use and Interpretation.

Oakland, T., & Harrison, P. L. (2008). Adaptive Behavior Assessment System-II, Clinical Use and Interpretation.

Paramita, D. A., Atmodiwirjo, E. T., & Soetikno, N. (2020). The Role of Social Skill and Parental Involvement in the Quality of Life of Working Individuals with Intellectual Disability. 439(Ticash 2019), 680–683. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200515.111

Purwanta, E., & Hulfah, D. (2018). Application Of E-Marketing In Entrepreneurship Learning For Student With Intellectual Disability. Cakrawala Pendidikan, 3, 389–399. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v38i3.21747

Purwanta, E., & Hulfah, D. (2018). Application Of E-Marketing In Entrepreneurship Learning For Student With Intellectual Disability. Cakrawala Pendidikan, 3, 389–399. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v38i3.21747

Schalock, R. L., & Luckasson, R. (2004). American Association on Mental Retardation’s Definition, Classification, and System of Supports and Its Relation to International Trends and Issues in the Field of Intellectual Disabilities. In Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities (Vol. 1).

Schalock, R. L., & Luckasson, R. (2004). American Association on Mental Retardation’s Definition, Classification, and System of Supports and Its Relation to International Trends and Issues in the Field of Intellectual Disabilities. In Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities (Vol. 1).

Sigafoos, J., Lancioni, G. E., Singh, N. N., & O’Reilly, M. F. (2017). Intellectual Disability and Social Skills. 249–271. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-64592-6_14

Sisti, M., & Robledo, J. (2021). Interdisciplinary Collaboration Practices between Education Specialists and Related Service Providers. The Journal of Special Education Apprenticeship, 10(1), 5.

Smith, D. D., Tyler, N. C., & Skow, K. G. (2018). Introduction to Contemporary Special Education New Horizons. USA: Pearson Education

Smith, D. D., Tyler, N. C., & Skow, K. G. (2018). Introduction to Contemporary Special Education New Horizons. USA: Pearson Education

Snell, M. E., & Luckasson, R. (2009). Characteristics and needs of people with intellectual disability who have higher IQs. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 47(3), 220–233. https://doi.org/10.1352/1934-9556-47.3.220

Snell, M. E., & Luckasson, R. (2009). Characteristics and needs of people with intellectual disability who have higher IQs. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 47(3), 220–233. https://doi.org/10.1352/1934-9556-47.3.220

Tomaino, M. A. E., Greenberg, A. L., Kagawa-Purohit, S. A., Doering, S. A., & Miguel, E. S. (2022). An Assessment of the Feasibility and Effectiveness of Distance Learning for Students With Severe Developmental Disabilities and High Behavioral Needs. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 15(1), 243–259. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40617-020-00549-

Towles-Reeves, E., & Kleinert, H. (2006). The Impact of One State’s Alternate Assessment Upon Instruction and IEP Development.

Towles-Reeves, E., & Kleinert, H. (2006). The Impact of One State’s Alternate Assessment Upon Instruction and IEP Development.

Yell, M., Katsiyannis, A., Ennis, R. P., & Losinski, M. (2013). Avoiding Procedural Errors in Individualized Education Program Development. TEACHING Exceptional Children, 46(1), 56–64. https://doi.org/10.1177/004005991304600107




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v42i2.49240

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




 

Social Media:

     


 

 Creative Commons License
Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan by Lembaga Pengembangan dan Penjaminan Mutu Pendidikan UNY is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/cp/index.

Translator
 
 web
analytics
View Our Stats

Flag Counter