Does the motivation and parents involvement affected by distance learning media during pandemic covid 19?

Sujarwo Sujarwo, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Erma Kusumawardani, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Yuli Nurmalasari, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia


The COVID-19 pandemic has been increasing the demand for creative and innovative strategies for early childhood education in achieving adequate educational goals. The present study aimed to empirically find out the effect of the use of tutorial video and children worksheet on preschool children’s motivation and parents’ involvement in accompanying children during study from home period. This research is experimental with a one-group pre-test-post-test experimental design. The population of this study were parents of grade A kindergarten children consisting of 8 kindergarten schools through purposive. Each class consists of 12-20 parents. The research sample consisting of two classes was divided into class A as an experimental group and class B as control group. Data collection using parental involvement and motivation questionnaires, observation, interviews, and documentation. Data analysis used used T-test and analysis of variance (ANAVA) paths. The results showed that there was a significant difference both in parents' motivation and involvement when using children's worksheets and tutorial videos obtained from the results of analysis with ANAVA by the sig. value of 0.01 < 0.05, which means the using children's worksheets and tutorial videos was enhancing parents' motivation and involvement in assisting children's learning process.


parental involvement; parental motivation; learning assistance from home; children's worksheets; early childhood education

Full Text:



Aslindah, A., & Sari, N. (2021). Kolaborasi orang tua dan guru paud dalam melaksanakan pembelajaran di masa pandemi covid-19. JECIE (Journal of Early Childhood and Inclusive Education), 4(2), 59–67.

Barnett, W. S., & Jung, K. (2021). Seven Impacts of the Pandemic on Young Children and Their Parents: Initial Findings from NIEER’s December 2020 Preschool Learning Activities Survey. Research Report. National Institute for Early Education Research, February, 1–12.

Brzęk, A.; Strauss, M.; Przybylek, B.; Dworrak, T.; Dworrak, B.; Leischik, R. (2018). How does the activity level of the parents influence their children’s activity? The contemporary life in a world ruled by electronic devices. Arch. Med. Sci., 14, 190–198.

Dayal, H. C., & Tiko, L. (2020). When are we going to have the real school? A case study of early childhood education and care teachers’ experiences surrounding education during the COVID-19 pandemic. Australasian Journal of Early Childhood, 45(4), 336–347.

Dong, C., Cao, S., & Li, H. (2020). Young children’s online learning during COVID-19 pandemic: Chinese parents’ beliefs and attitudes. Children and Youth Services Review, 118(June), 105440.

Essa, E. L. & Burnham, M. M. 2020). Introduction To Early Childhood Education, Eight Edition. California: Sage Publication Ltd.

Fenech, M. (2013). Quality Early Childhood Education For My Child Or For All Children? Parents As Activists For Equitable, High-Quality Early Childhood Education In Australia. Australasian Journal Of Early Childhood, 38(4), 92-98.

Fatmawati, E., Ismaya, E. A., & Setiawan, D. (2021). Pola Asuh Orang Tua Dalam Memotivasi Belajar Anak Pada Pembelajaran Daring. 7(1), 104–110.

García, F.; Serra, E.; García, O.F.; Martínez, I.; Cruise, E. (2019). A Third Emerging Stage for the Current Digital Society? Optimal Parenting Styles in Spain, the United States, Germany, and Brazil. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 16, 1–20.

Gusty, S., Nurmiati, N., Muliana, M., Sulaiman, O. K., Ginantra, N. L. W. S. R., Manuhutu, M. A., ... & Warella, S. Y. (2020). Belajar Mandiri: Pembelajaran Daring di Tengah Pandemi Covid-19. Yayasan Kita Menulis.

Hapsari, S. M., Sugito, S., & Fauziah, P. Y. (2020). Parent’s Involvement In Early Childhood Education During The Covid-19 Pandemic Period. Jurnal Pendidikan Progresif, 10(2), 298-311.

Hasbullah. (2018). Dasar-Dasar Ilmu Pendidikan. Jakarta: Rajagrafindo Persada.

Hoy, W.K. & C. G. Miskel. (2004). Educational Administration: Theory, Research And Practice. New York: Mcgraw-Hill

Irma, C. N., Nisa, K., & Sururiyah, S. K. (2019). Keterlibatan Orang Tua Dalam Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini Di TK Masyithoh 1 Purworejo. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 3(1), 214. Https://Doi.Org/10.31004/Obsesi.V3i1.152

Karwowski, M., Jankowska, D. M., Lebuda, I., & Czerwonka, M. (2020). Do parents and children perceive creativity similarly? A dyadic study of creative mindsets. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. Advance Online Publication.

Kim, J. (2020). Learning And Teaching Online During Covid-19: Experiences Of Student Teachers In An Early Childhood Education Practicum. IJEC 52, 145–158. Https://Doi.Org/10.1007/S13158-020-00272-6

Kong, S. C., & Wang, Y. Q. (2021). The influence of parental support and perceived usefulness on students ’ learning motivation and flow experience in visual programming : Investigation from a parent perspective. British Journal of Educational Technology, January, 1–22.

Landry, S. H. (2008). The Role Of Parents In Early Childhood Learning. Encyclopedia On Early Childhood Development, 1-6.

Latunde, Y. C. (2016). Research in Parental Involvement: methods and strategies for education and psychology.

Liu, F., Black, E., Algina, J., Cavanaugh, C., & Dawson, K. (2010). The validation of one parental involvement measurement in virtual schooling. Journal of Interactive Online Learning, 9(2), 105–132.

Masyuri.(2020). Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran Video Tutorial Pada Mata Pelajaran Simulas I Digital Kelas X Tav Di Smk Negeri 2. Surabayamuhammad Syaichu Mansyur S1 Pendidikan Teknik Elektro, Teknik Elektro, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Munadi, Yudhi. (2013). Media Pembelajaran Sebuah Pendekatan Baru. Jakarta: Referensi (Gp Press Group).

Moral-garcía, J. E., Urchaga-litago, J. D., & Ramos-morcillo, A. J. (2020). Relationship of Parental Support on Healthy Habits , School Motivations and Academic Performance in Adolescents. S. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(3), 1–16.

Morgan, H. (2020). Best Practices for Implementing Remote Learning during a Pandemic. The Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, Issues and Ideas, 93(3), 135–141.

Nock, M. K., & Photos, V. (2006). Parent motivation to participate in treatment: Assessment and prediction of subsequent participation. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 15(3), 345–358.

Papadakis, S., Kalogiannakis, M., Orfanakis, V., & Zaranis, N. (2019). The appropriateness of scratch and app inventor as educational environments for teaching introductory programming in primary and secondary education. Early Childhood Development: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications, 797–819.

Prastowo, A. (2012). Panduan Kreatif Membuat Bahan Ajar Inovatif. Jogjakarta: Diva Press.

Pujiaswati, R., Mulyana, E. H., & Mulyadi, S. (2020). Pengembangan Lembar Kerja Anak (Lka) Model Stem Pada Konsep Terapung Melayang Tenggelam Untuk Memfasilitasi Keterampilan Saintifik Anak Usia Dini. Jurnal Paud Agapedia, 4(1), 107-117.

Purwanto, Ngalim. 2016). Psikolog Pendidikan. Bandung: Rosda Karya.

Rachmat, I. F., Hartati, S., & Erdawati, E. (2021). Family Cohesion, Interpersonal Communication, And Smartphone Addiction: Does It Affect Children’s Emotional Dysregulation?. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan, 40(2).

Resa Pujiaswati, Mulyana, E.H dan Mulyadi. (2020). Pengembangan Lembar Kerja Anak (LKA) Model STEM Pada Konsep Terapung Melayang Tenggelam Untuk Menfasilitasi Keterampilan Saintifik Anak Usia Dini. Jurnal PAUD Agapedia, Volume 4, Nomor 1 Juni 2020.

Serna, C.; Martínez, I. (2019). Parental Involvement as a Protective Factor in School Adjustment among Retained and Promoted Secondary Students. Sustainability, 11, 1–16.

Sim, W. H., Toumbourou, J. W., Clancy, E. M., Westrupp, E. M., Benstead, M. L., & Yap, M. B. H. (2021). Strategies to Increase Uptake of Parent Education Programs in Preschool and School Settings to Improve Child Outcomes : A Delphi Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(7), 3524.

Singh, S., Roy, M. D., Sinha, C. P. T. M. K., Parveen, C. P. T. M. S., Sharma, C. P. T. G., & Joshi, C. P. T. G. (2020). Impact Of COVID-19 And Lockdown On Mental Health Of Children And Adolescents: A Narrative Review With Recommendations. Psychiatry Research, 113429.

Solekhah, H. (2020). Distance Learning of Indonesian Early Childhood Education (PAUD) during the Covid-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Emerging Issues in Early Childhood Education, 2(2), 105–115.

Sujono, Y. N. (2013). Konsep Dasar Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini. PT. Indeks.

Tippett, C. D. & Milford, T. M. (2017). Findings From A Pre-Kindergarten Classroom: Making The Case For STEM In Early Childhood Education. International Journal Of Science And Mathematics Education. Vol. 15, P. 67-68. Https://Doi.Org/10.1007/S10763-017 9812-8

Umiyati, U. (2019). Pengembangan Lembar Kerja Peserta Didik Materi Bentuk-Bentuk Geometri Berbasis Saintifik Anak Kelompok B Di Taman Kanak-Kanak. Tumbuh Kembang: Kajian Teori Dan Pembelajaran Paud, 6(1), 105-115.

Yulianingsih, W., Suhanadji, S., Nugroho, R., & Mustakim, M. (2020). Keterlibatan Orangtua Dalam Pendampingan Belajar Anak Selama Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Obsesi: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 5(2), 1138-1150.



  • There are currently no refbacks.


Social Media:



 Creative Commons License
Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan by Lembaga Pengembangan dan Penjaminan Mutu Pendidikan UNY is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at

View Our Stats

Flag Counter