STRUCTURAL MODEL OF COUNSELING COMPETENCE

 Arbin Janu Setiyowati, Marthen Pali, Bambang Budi Wiyono, T Triyono

Abstract


Counseling competence is a set of essential abilities which is prominent to be employed in conducting counseling. This counseling competence research took students of counseling as a counselor candidate. This study aims to analyze the correlation between basic knowledge, basic communication skill, and cultural skill to the counseling competence. This work used Ex Post Facto Causal Relationship Explanatory research design. The research subjects were 120 students of Department of Guidance and Counseling from three State Universities in Java Island. Samples were taken by using cluster random sampling technique. The data analysis was conducted through Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) technique. The research results show that there is a significant relationship between knowledge, basic attitude, basic communication skill and cultural skill to the counseling competence. The implication of this research finding to the education of the Department of Guidance and Counseling is the significance of considering the factors forming the academic counseling competence to produce the professional counselor candidate.

Keywords


basic knowledge; basic attitude; basic communication skill; cultural skill; counseling competence

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adigwe, P. & Okoro, E. (2016). Human communication and effective interpersonal relationship: An analysis of client counseling and emotional stability. International Journal of Economic and Management Sciences, 5(3), 1-4. doi: 10.4172/2162-6359.1000336

ASCA. (2012). ASCA school counselor competencies. Retrieved from https://www.schoolcounselor.org/asca/media/asca/home/SCCompetencies.pdf.

Barone, D. F., Hutchings, P. S., Kimmel, H. J., Traub, H. L., Cooper, J. T., & Marshall, C. M. (2005). Increasing empathic accuracy through practice and feedback in a clinical interviewing course. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 24(2), 156–171. doi: 10.1521/jscp.24.2.156.62275

Bates, M., & Stevenson, P. (1998). Good counselling is just excellent communication skills! Or is it. Counselling Association of Australia Inc. Journal, 1(1), 5-7.

Bernard, J. M., & Goodyear, R. K. (2009). Fundamentals of clinical supervision (4th ed.). UER Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

Bernes, K. B. (2005). The elements of effective counselling. NATCON Papers. Retrieved from http://www.natcon.org http://hdl.handle.net/10133/1167

Brown, J. R., Holloway, E. D., Akakpo, T. F., & Aalsma, M. C. (2014). “Straight up”: enhancing rapport and therapeutic alliance with previously-detained youth in the delivery of mental health services. Community Mental Health Journal, 50(2), 193–203. doi: 10.1007/s10597-013-9617-3

Bunu, H. Y. (2016). Pemindaian penerapan bimbingan dan konseling dengan pendekatan multikultural di SMA. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan, 35(3), 386-394. doi: 10.21831/cp.v35i3.8892.

Corey, G. (2013). Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy (9th ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Cornelius-White, J. H. D., & Carver, C. L. (2012). Effects of an encounter group for counselors-in-training on development of person-centered core conditions. Hellenic Journal of Psychology, 9(3), 205–221.

Collins, S., & Arthur, N. (2010). Culture-infused counseling: A fresh look at a classic framework of multicultural counseling competencies. Counseling Psychology Quarterly, 23(2), 203–216. doi: 10.1080/09515071003798204

Constantine, M. G. (2002). Predictors of Satisfaction with counseling: racial and ethnic minority clients’ attitudes toward counseling and their ratings of their counselors’ general and multicultural counseling competence. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 49(2), 255–263. doi: 10.1037/0022-0167.49.2.255

Depdiknas. (2008). Penataan pendidikan profesional konselor dan layanan bimbingan dan konseling dalam jalur pendidikan formal. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Dollarhide, C. T., Shavers, M. C., Baker, C. A., Dagg, D. R., & Taylor, D. T. (2012). Conditions that create therapeutic connection: A phenomenological study. Counseling and Values, 57(2), 147–161. doi: 10.1002/j.2161-007X.2012.00014.x

Egbochuku, E. O. (2010). Counselling communication skills: Its place in the training programme of a counselling psychologist. Edo Journal of Counselling, 1(1), 17–32. doi: 10.4314/ejc.v1i1.52380

Elliot, R. G. (2011). When values and ethics conflict: the counselor’s role and responsibility. Alabama Counseling Association Journal, 37(1), 39-45.

Farber, B. A., & Doolin, E. M. (2011). Positive regard and affirmation. In J. C. Norcross (Ed.), Psychotherapy relationships that work: Evidence-based responsiveness 2nd ed. (pp. 168-186). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Feller, C. P., & Cottone, R. R. (2003). The importance of empathy in the therapeutic alliance. Journal of Humanistic Counseling, Education and Development, 42(1), 53–61. doi: 10.1002/j.2164-490X.2003.tb00168.x

Fox, J. R. (2005). Transgender public clocking: Why do we stare? VISTAS Online, 42–55. Retrieved from https://www.counseling.org/docs/default-source/vistas/vistas_2005_vistas05-art69.pdf?sfvrsn=7573236a_11

Fuertes, J. N., & Brobst, K. (2002). Clients’ ratings of counselor multicultural competency. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Diversity Psychology, 8(3), 214–233.

Fuertes, J. N., Stracuzzi, T. I., Bennett, J., Scheinholtz, J., Mislowack, A., Hersh, M., & Cheng, B. (2006). Therapist multicultural competency: A study of therapy dyads. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 43(4), 480–490. doi: 10.1037/0033-3204.43.4.480

Gitimu, N. P. (2010). Intercultural communication: Its impotence to various career fields and perspective by various authors. Online Journal for Workforce Education and Development, 1(2), 1-13.

Greenberg, L. S., Watson, J. C., Elliot, R., & Bohart, A. C. (2001). Empathy. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 38(4), 380–384. doi: 10.1037/0033-3204.38.4.380

Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2006). Multivariate data analysis (Vol. 6). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Hansen, T. J. (2007). Epistemic contradictions in counseling theories: Implications for the structure of human experience and counseling practice. Counseling and Values, 51, 111-124.

Hauser, M., & Hays, D. G. (2010). The slaying of a beautiful hypothesis: The efficacy of counseling and the therapeutic process. The Journal of Humanistic Counseling, Education, and Development, 49(1), 32–44. doi: 10.1002/j.2161-1939.2010.tb00085.x

Hays, P. A. (2008). Addressing cultural complexities in practice: Assessment, diagnosis, and therapy. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Hill, E. C., Spigel, B. S., Hoffman, A. M., Kivlighan, Jr., M. D., & Gelso, J. C. (2017). Therapist expertise in psychotherapy revisited. The Counseling Psychologist, 45(I), 7-53. doi: 10.1177/0011000016671006

Horvath, A. O. (2000). The therapeutic relationship: From transference to alliance. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 56(2), 163–173. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4679(200002)56:2<163::AID-JCLP3>3.0.CO;2-D

Hogan, M. (2012). The four skills of cultural diversity competence. California: Cengage Learning.

Inman, A. G. (2006). Supervisor multicultural competence and its relation to supervisory process and outcome. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 32(1), 73–85. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-0606.2006.tb01589.x

Ivey, A. E., Ivey, M. B., & Zalaquett, C. P. (2013). Intentional interviewing and counseling: Facilitating client development in a multicultural society. Nelson Education.

Kastberg, S. M., Jordan, R. A., Kiweewa, J. M., & Clingerman, T. (2014). Counselor as client: Emerging answers and new questions. The Practitioner Scholar: Journal of Counseling and Professional Psychology, 3(1), 1-16. doi: 10.1080/21507686.2010.493204

Lambert, M. J., & Barley, D. E. (2002). Research summary on the therapeutic relationship and psychotherapy outcome. In J. C. Norcross (Ed.), Psychotherapy relationships that work: therapist contributions and responsiveness to patients (pp. 17–32). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Lee, B. K. (2002). Development of a congruence scale based on the Satir model. Contemporary Family Therapy, 24(1), 217–239. doi: 10.1023/A:1014390009534.

Leibert, T. W., & Dunne-Bryant, A. (2015). Do common factors account for counseling outcome? Journal of Counseling & Development, 93(2), 225–235. doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6676.2015.00198.x

Lubis, B. D. (2011). Understanding that heals. Malang: Alta Pustaka.

Mancillas, A. (2006). Counseling students’ perceptions of counseling effectiveness. Vistas: Compelling Perspectives on Counseling, 191–194.

Moon, K. A. (2007). A client-centered review of rogers with Gloria. Journal of Counseling and Development. doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6678.2007.tb00475.x.

NCGE. (2011, March). Counselling competences statement. Retrieved from http://www.ncge.ie/uploads/Counselling_Competences_Statement.pdf.

Orlinsky, D. E., & Ronnestad, M. H. (2005). Theoretical integration: Cycles of work and development. In D. E. Orlinsky, & M. H. Ronnestad (Eds.), How psychotherapists develop: A study of therapeutic work and professional growth (161-180). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Owen, J., & Hilsenroth, M. J. (2014). Treatment adherence: The importance of therapist flexibility in relation to therapy outcomes. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 61(2), 280-288. doi: 10.1037/a0035753

Penn, S. L., & Post, P. B. (2012). Investigating various dimensions of play therapists’ self-reported multicultural counseling competence. International Journal of Play Therapy, 21(1), 14–29. doi: 10.1037/a0026894

Reinkraut, R., Motulsky, S. L., & Ritchie, J. (2009). Developing a competent practitioner: Use of self in counseling psychology training. Asian Journal of Counselling, 16(1), 7–29.

Ridge, S., Campbell, W., & Martin, D. (2003). Can an experience of conscious identification affect a counsellor’s ability to sense and communicate unconditional positive regard? Theoretical and practice-based concerns. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 31(3), 275–288. doi: 10.1080/0306988031000147893

Rogers, C. R. (1957). The necessary and sufficient conditions of therapeutic personality change. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 21(2), 95–103. doi: 10.1037/h0045357

Swank, J. M., Robinson, E. H., & Ohrt, J. H. (2012). Manifestation of altruism: Perceptions among counselling students in the United Kingdom. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, 12(1), 63–70. doi: 10.1080/14733145.2011.562981

Swank, J. M., Lambie, G. W., & Witta, E. L. (2012). An exploratory investigation of the counseling competencies scale: A measure of counseling skills, dispositions, and behaviors. Counselor Education and Supervision, 51(3), 189–206. doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6978.2012.00014.x

Sawyer, C., Peters, M., & Willis, J. (2013). Self-efficacy of beginning counselors to counsel clients in crisis. The Journal for Counselor Preparation and Supervision, 5(2), 30–43. doi: 10.7729/52.0042

Sweeney, A., Fahmy, S., Nolan, F., Morant, N., Fox, Z., Lloyd-Evans, B., ... Johnson, S. (2014). The relationship between therapeutic alliance and service user satisfaction in mental health inpatient wards and crisis house alternatives: A cross-sectional study. Plos One, 9(10), e100153. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0100153

Sue, D. W., Arredondo, P., & McDavis, R. J. (1992). Multicultural counseling competencies and standards: A call to the profession. Journal of Counseling & Development, 70(4), 477–486. doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6676.1992.tb01642.x

Sue, D. W., & Sue, D. (2012). Counseling The culturally diverse: Theory and practice. New York, NY: Wiley.

Tracey, T. J. G., Wampold, B. E., Goodyear, R. K., & Lichtenberg, J. W. (2015). Improving expertise in psychotherapy. Psychotherapy Bulletin, 50(1), 7-13.

Trusty, J., & Brown, D. (2005). Advocacy competencies for professional school counselors. Professional School Counseling, 8(3), 259–265.

Van, W. J., Harmsen, J. & Bruijnzeels, M. (2002). Intercultural communication in general practice. European Journal of Public Health, 12(1), 63-68. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/12.1.63

Wampold, B. E. (2011). Qualities and actions of effective therapists. Retrieved from https://www.apa.org/education/ce/effective-therapists.pdf.

Wilkins, P. (2000). Unconditional positive regard reconsidered. British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 28(1), 23–36. doi: 10.1080/030698800109592.

Yager, G. G., & Tovar-Blank, Z. G. (2007). Wellness and counselor education. Journal of Humanistic Counseling, Education, and Development, 46(2), 142- 153. doi: 10.1002/j.2161-1939.2007.tb00032.x

Zaharna, R. S. (2000). Intercultural communication and international public relations: Exploring parallels. Communication Quarterly. 48(1), 85-99. doi: 10.1080/01463370009385582




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v38i1.21509

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Printed ISSN (p-ISSN): 0216-1370 
Online ISSN (e-ISSN): 2442-8620
 

Our Journal has been Indexed by:

 

 Creative Commons License
Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan by Lembaga Pengembangan dan Penjaminan Mutu Pendidikan UNY is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/cp/index.

Translator
 
 web
analytics
View Our Stats

Flag Counter