Multiple intelligence assessment in teaching English for young learners

 Ernawati Ernawati, Hana Tsurayya, Abdul Rahman A. Ghani

Abstract


There are many schools in Indonesia that provide English as one of their subjects. English has been taught from elementary schools, even in Kindergarten. Ironically, teaching English in most rural schools still uses a conventional method such as memorizing and translating. Many teachers cannot afford to provide well-designed, meaningful exercises for students to use on a one-to-one learning basis. As a result, students seem not having interest in learning English. Based on this reason, this study was conducted to identify students’ intelligence through Multiple Intelligence Assessment to get effective approach in teaching English for young learners. The participants are an English teacher and students at an early childhood education center. This research focuses on presenting a deep description of the Multiple-Intelligence assessment to identify students’ intelligence in order to get an effective way of teaching English for young learners. In collecting the data, three instruments were used: observation, interview, and document analysis. The findings of this study show that students have different interests and nature; some students love singing, some others enjoy drawing, and others like role-playing. Multiple-Intelligence Assessment helps the teachers to identify students’ interests and bring them building some learning activities to attract them in learning English.


Keywords


multiple intelligence; assessment; teaching English; young learners

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alwasilah, A. C. (2008). Pokoknya kualitatif: Dasar–dasar merancang dan melakukan penelitian kualitatif. Jakarta: PT.Dunia Pustaka Jaya.

Armstrong, T. (2009). Multiple intelligences in the classroom. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.

Basrowi, & Suwandi. (2008). Memahami penelitian kualitatif. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Cameron, L. (2005). Teaching languages to young learners. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Davies, P. (2000). Computerized peer assessment. Innovations in Education and Training International, 37(4), 346–355. https://doi.org/10.1080/135580000750052955

Fenton, R. (1996). Performance assessment system development. Alaska Educational Research Journal, 2(1), 13–22.

Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Gardner, H. E. (1999). Intelligence reframed: Multiple intelligences for the 21st century. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Ghani, A. R. A. (2008). Pengaruh tes formatif dan kemandirian belajar terhadap hasil belajar ekonomi siswa SMA. Jurnal Penelitian Dan Evaluasi Pendidikan, 12(2), 162–176. https://doi.org/10.21831/pep.v12i2.1425

Hassan, K. El, & Maluf, G. (1999). An application of multiple intelligences in a Lebanese kindergarten. Early Childhood Education Journal, 27(1), 13–20. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1026063322136

Helding, L. (2009). Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences. Journal of Singing, 66(2), 193–199.

Hoerr, T. R. (2000). Becoming a multiple intelligences school. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Keegan, S. M. (2009). Qualitative research: Good decision making through understanding people, cultures and markets. London: Kogan Page.

Lash, M. D. (2004). Multiple intelligences and the search for creative teaching. Paths of Learning, Autumn(22), 13–15.

Law of Republic of Indonesia No. 20 of 2003 on National Education System (2003).

Maryanto, A. T. T. (2005). Pengembangan instrumen analisis kompetensi tutor Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini (PAUD). Jurnal Penelitian Dan Evaluasi Pendidikan, 7(2), 241–252. https://doi.org/10.21831/pep.v7i2.2023

Musthafa, B. (2010). Teaching English to young learners in Indonesia: Essential requirements. Educationist, 4(2), 120–125.

Pinter, A. (2006). Teaching young language learners. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Shin, J. K. (2013). Teaching English to young learners. Baltimore County: English Language Center.

Thornbury, S. (2006). How to teach speaking. New York, NY: Longman.

Veenema, S., Hetland, L., & Chalfen, K. (Eds.). (1997). Multiple intelligences: The research perspective, a brief overview of the theory. In The project zero classroom: Approaches to thinking and understanding. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Graduate School of Education and Project Zero.

Williams, C. (2011). Research methods. Journal of Business & Economics Research (JBER), 5(3), 65–72. https://doi.org/10.19030/jber.v5i3.2532

Wright, A. (2001). Pictures for language learning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/reid.v5i1.23376

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.




This journal is indexed & listed by:


ISSN 2460-6995 (Online) 

View REiD Stats