The Strengthening Innovation and Information Technology Capabilities in Vocational Schools as An HRD Enter Point to Improve the Performance of SMEs

Iffah Budiningsih, Universitas Islam As-Syafi’iyah, Jl Raya Jatiwaringin No. 12 Pondok Gede, Jakarta Timur, 13077, Indonesia
Tjiptogoro Dinarjo Soehari, Universitas Mercu Buana, Jl. Raya Meruya Selatan No. 1, Jakarta Barat, Indonesia
Fufung Alfulailah, Universitas Mercu Buana, Jl. Raya Meruya Selatan No. 1, Jakarta Barat, Indonesia


The purpose of this research is to show whether it is necessary to strengthen the capabilities of the innovation and informatics technology among vocational school students who will later become human resources enter points that can improve the performance of the SMEs industry in the digital era. We know that the SMEs industry is one of the pillars of Indonesia's economic development that spearheads job creators, and vocational graduates are expected to be the driving force for the achievement of SME optimal performance. This research relied on quantitative explanatory with survey method; its sample involved 176 out of 758 merchants (the total population) in Pasar Glodok Jakarta. All data were analyzed using descriptive and regression analysis with the SPSS program. The results showed that: (a) the ability innovating and the information technology of SME entrepreneurs is the dominant factor determining the achievement of optimal SME performance, with a correlation value = 0.79.5 or 0.8 (strong correlation); (b) Innovation and information technology skills contribute to the performance attainment of SME entrepreneurs in the research site by 63.2%; the remaining 36.8% is determined by factors not included in the study; (c) Innovation and information technology capabilities are the capabilities needed by SMEs human resources in achieving optimal business performance; (d) it is necessary to strengthen the ability of innovation and information technology since school (especially Vocational schools) in a sustainable manner which will become the key point of SMEs industry's human resources as an effort to bring closer the concept of link and match between educational institutions and industry.


business performance, information technology capabilities, innovation capabilities, SMEs, vocational schools

Full Text:



Badan Pusat Statistik Indonesia, “Berita Resmi Statistik No.37/05/Th. XXIV, 05 Mei 2021: Keadaan Ketenagakerjaan Indonesia Februari 2021,” 2021.

Binus University Bandung, “Peran UMKM Dalam Perekonomian Indonesia,” Creativepreneurship Binus University Bandung, 2020.

J. G. V. Hernández and V. Y. V Lerma, “Impact of business performance and TQM on the SMEs of Mexico,” Manag. Perspect., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 1–17, 2017.

S. Zulkiffli and N. Perera, “A literature analysis on business performance for SMES - subjective or objective measures?,” Sydney Bus. Sch. - Pap., pp. 1–9, Jan. 2011, doi: 10.2139/ssrn.1867874.

C. Nimlaor, J. Trimetsoontorn, and W. Fongsuwan, “Factors affecting business performance: An empirical study in Thailand,” Res. J. Bus. Manag., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 89–103, 2014, doi: 10.3923/RJBM.2014.89.103.

W. A. Khan, R. A. Hassan, M. Z. Arshad, and U. Kashif, “Does innovation affect the firm performance in developing countries? a conceptual framework,” J. Pengur., vol. 59, pp. 1–13, Sep. 2020, Accessed: Oct. 10, 2021. [Online]. Available:

L. E. Sudiarta, I. K. Kirya, and I. W. Cipta, “Analysis of factors affecting the performance of small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in Bangli regency,” J. Manajemen, e-Journal Bisma Univ. Pendidik. Ganesha, vol. 2, pp. 1–8, 2014.

N. Oza and M. Mehta, “A study of ICT skills and competencies essential for corporate LIS professionals,” Int. J. Res. Anal. Rev., vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 596–603, 2018.

K. M. Ku Bahador and A. Haider, “Information technology skills and competencies – a case for professional accountants,” Lect. Notes Bus. Inf. Process., vol. 127 LNBIP, pp. 81–87, 2012, doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-34228-8_9.

S. Fauzia, I. Budiningsih, A. Djaelani, and M. Ahmad, “Dominant factors affecting the behavior of innovative employees,” Polish J. Manag. Stud., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 32–40, 2017, doi: 10.17512/PJMS.2017.16.1.03.

J. Barrand, P. Y. Sanseau, and G. Ferrante, “The Leader-Member Relationship at the Core of Innovation Development: Member Perceptions, Positions and Expectations,” in Knowledge Perspectives of New Product Development: A Comparative Approach, D. G. Assimakopoulos, E. G. Carayannis, and R. Dossani, Eds. New York: Springer, 2012.

I. Budiningsih, T. D. Soehari, and J. Leonard, “Dominant factors influence the behavior to produce innovative products,” China-USA Bus. Rev., vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 453–461, 2018, doi: 10.17265/1537-1514/2018.09.002.

G. Andri, W. R. Adawiyah, R. Purnomo, and Z. Sholikhah, “The Minang - nomads businesses’ performance: the role of proactive personality, creativity and innovative work behavior,” J. Pengur., vol. 58, no. 0, Jun. 2020, Accessed: Oct. 10, 2021. [Online]. Available:

I. Budiningsih, H. Sukamto, and S. Mujiani, “Dominant determinant characteristics of innovative behavior of new entrepreneur candidates,” Manag. Sci. Lett., vol. 11, no. January, pp. 1–7, 2021, doi: 10.5267/J.MSL.2021.1.022.

J. Tidd and J. Bessant, Managing Innovation, Integrating Technological, Market and Organizational Change, 4th Editio. England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2019.

M. Rifqy, R. Purwo, A. Wibowo, and A. Widiastuti, “Analisis tingkat penggunaan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi pada usaha kecil menengah di Kab. Jepara,” J. Din. Ekon. Bisnis, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 89–104, 2012.

United Nation, United Nations Competency Development – A Practical Guide. New York: United Nations, Human Resources Management, 2010.

S. Pérez-López and J. Alegre, “Information technology competency, knowledge processes and firm performance,” Ind. Manag. Data Syst., vol. 112, no. 4, pp. 644–662, 2012, doi: 10.1108/02635571211225521.

S. Y. M. Taneo, E. A. Setiyati, and D. Stephanus, “Innovation and economic behavior of Chinese ethnic entrepreneurs in improving competitiveness of small and medium-scale food industry,” 2013.

M. R. Ramdan, N. L. Abdullah, R. M. Isa, and M. H. Hanafiah, “Meneroka faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi penggunaan platform digital oleh perusahaan mikro dan kecil (Exploring factors influencing the use of digital platform by micro and small enterprises),” J. Pengur. , vol. 59, pp. 1–17, Sep. 2020, Accessed: Oct. 10, 2021. [Online]. Available:

I. Budiningsih, T. D. Soehari, and I. Irwansyah, “Dominat factor for improving information security awareness,” Cakrawala Pendidik., vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 490–498, Oct. 2019, doi: 10.21831/cp.v38i3.25626.

T. A. Lubis and Junaidi, “Pemanfaatan teknologi informasi pada usaha mikro kecil dan menengah di kota Jambi,” J. Perspekt. Pembiayaan dan Pembang. Drh., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 163–174, 2016.

B. Saleh and Y. D. Hadiyat, “Penggunaan teknologi informasi di kalangan pelaku usaha mikro kecil menengah di daerah perbatasan,” J. Pekommas, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 141–152, Oct. 2016, doi: 10.30818/JPKM.2016.2010204.

N. A. Winawod, J. L. Sepang, and H. N. Tawas, “The influence of innovation and courage to take on product performance with the intensity of competition as a moderating variable,” J. EMBA, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 2908–2917, 2018.

I. Budiningsih, S. Fauzia, and A. Djaelani, Innovative Employee. Mauritius: Lap Lambert Academic, 2018.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Online (e-ISSN): 2477-2410 || Printed (p-ISSN): 0854-4735

Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi Kejuruan by was distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

Supported by:

Jurnal Ilmiah Magister Managemen

Social Media: