Critical Thinking Based Interactive Learning Media for Basic Mechanical Engineering

Aam Amaningsih Jumhur, Department of Mechanical Engineering Education, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jl. Rawamangun Muka Raya, Rawamangun, Pulo Gadung, Kota Jakarta Timur, Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta 13220, Indonesia
Ratu Amilia Avianti, Department of Mechanical Engineering Education, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jl. Rawamangun Muka Raya, Rawamangun, Pulo Gadung, Kota Jakarta Timur, Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta 13220, Indonesia
Anya Tamara Akbar, Department of Mechanical Engineering Education, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jl. Rawamangun Muka Raya, Rawamangun, Pulo Gadung, Kota Jakarta Timur, Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta 13220, Indonesia


Recent studies show limited research on the development of learning media that effectively addresses critical thinking, communication, collaboration, and creativity(4C) characteristics. However, there is an urge for nurturing the 4C characters of vocational high school graduates in the 21st Century, especially critical thinking. Hence, this study aims to develop and discover the feasibility, usability, and effectiveness of critical thinking-based interactive learning media for Basic Mechanical Engineering. This study used the Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation (ADDIE) development concept. The information design in developing the learning media was based on critical thinking aspects by Facione in ATC21S. The critical-thinking-based interactive learning media (CTBILM) were developed for mobile learning which can be used in IOS and Android. The alpha test showed promising results, especially from material experts. In addition to that, the User Acceptance Test (UAT) also shown a significant score making CTBILM quite feasible. We also argue that the significant change in student critical thinking from the statistical t-test on pretest and posttest are due to CTBILM.


basic mechanical engineering subjects, critical thinking, learning media, mobile learning, vocational high school

Full Text:



Badan Pusat Statistik, “Narasi Tunggal : Hari Kependudukan Dunia 2017 : Masa Depan Demografi Indonesia dan Keseimbangan Pertumbuhan Penduduk,” pp. 1–4, 2020.

S. Maryati, “Dinamika pengangguran terdidik: tantangan menuju bonus demografi di Indonesia,” Economica, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 124–136, 2015, doi: 10.22202/economica.2015.v3.i2.249.

Badan Pusat Statistik Indonesia, “Berita Resmi Statistik No.37/05/Th. XXIV, 05 Mei 2021: Keadaan Ketenagakerjaan Indonesia Februari 2021,” 2021.

N. Wibowo, “Upaya memperkecil kesenjangan kompetensi lulusan sekolah menengah kejuruan dengan tuntutan dunia industri,” J. Pendidik. Teknol. dan Kejuru., vol. 23, no. 1, p. 45, May 2016, doi: 10.21831/jptk.v23i1.9354.

L. Sugiyarti, A. Arif, and Mursalin, “Pembelajaran abad 21 di SD,” Pros. Semin. dan Disk. Pendidik. Dasar, pp. 439–444, 2018.

Zurweni, B. Wibawa, and T. N. Erwin, “Development of collaborative-creative learning model using virtual laboratory media for instrumental analytical chemistry lectures,” AIP Conf. Proc., vol. 1868, 2017, doi: 10.1063/1.4995109.

R. G. Saadé, D. Morin, and J. D. E. Thomas, “Critical thinking in e-learning environments,” Comput. Human Behav., vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 1608–1617, 2012, doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2012.03.025.

C. M. Worsnop, “Media Literacy Through Critical Thinking Teacher Materials Notices and Acknowledgements Your Use of This Document Copyrights and Trademarks Acknowledgements Media Literacy Resource Guide: Intermediate and Senior Divisions by Ministry of Education,” 1999.

K. Changwong, A. Sukkamart, and B. Sisan, “Critical thinking skill development: Analysis of a new learning management model for Thai high schools,” J. Int. Stud., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 37–48, 2018.

NACE, “Class of 2016 Believes it is ‘Career Ready,’ but is it?,” 2016.

L. M. Murawski, “Critical thinking in the classroom and beyond,” J. Learn. High. Educ., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 25–30, 2014.

E. D. Kusuma, G. Gunarhadi, and R. Riyadi, “strategies to improve critical thinking skills through problem-based quantum learning model at primary school,” Int. J. Multicult. Multireligious Underst., vol. 5, no. 4, p. 123, 2018, doi: 10.18415/ijmmu.v5i4.213.

G. McMahon, “Critical thinking and ICT integration in a Western Australian secondary school,” Educ. Technol. Soc., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 269–281, 2009.

R.-A. Pilar, A. Jorge, and C. Cristina, “The use of current mobile learning applications in EFL,” Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., vol. 103, pp. 1189–1196, 2013, doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.10.446.

F. T. Leow and M. Neo, “Interactive multimedia learning: Innovating classroom education in a Malaysian university,” Turkish Online J. Educ. Technol., vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 99–110, 2014.

M. E. A. Babiker, “For effective use of multimedia in education, teachers must develop their own educational multimedia applications,” Turkish Online J. Educ. Technol., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 62–68, 2015.

F. Martin and A. K. Betrus, Digital Media for Learning. 2019.

S. Bidin and A. A. Ziden, “Adoption and application of mobile learning in the education industry,” Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., vol. 90, no. InCULT 2012, pp. 720–729, 2013, doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.07.145.

S. Yoosomboon and P. Wannapiroon, “Development of a challenge based learning model via cloud technology and social media for enhancing information management skills,” Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., vol. 174, pp. 2102–2107, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.02.008.

R. S. Nadiyah and S. Faaizah, “The development of online project based collaborative learning using ADDIE model,” Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., vol. 195, pp. 1803–1812, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.06.392.

I. M. Tegeh and I. M. Kirna, “Pengembangan bahan ajar metode penelitian pendidikan dengan ADDIE model,” J. Ika, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 16, 2013.

S. C. Wibawa, “The design and implementation of an educational multimedia interactive operation system using Lectora inspire,” Elinvo (Electronics, Informatics, Vocat. Educ., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 74–79, 2017, doi: 10.21831/elinvo.v2i1.16633.

N. C. Facione, P. A. Facione, and C. A. Sanchez, “Critical thinking disposition as a measure of competent clinical judgment: the development of the California critical thinking disposition inventory,” J. Nurs. Educ., vol. 33, no. 8, pp. 345–350, 1994, doi: 10.3928/0148-4834-19941001-05.

P. a. Facione, “Critical Thinking : What It Is and Why It Counts,” Insight Assess., no. ISBN 13: 978-1-891557-07-1., pp. 1–28, 2011.

Tryggvi Thayer, Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills (ATC21S) – ENTREASSESS.COM. 2018.

Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Menengah Dasar dan Menengah, “KI&KD SMK/MAK Teknologi dan Rekayasa,” 2017.

A. Madhuram, M, Kumar and M. Pandyamanian, “Cross platform development using flutter,” Int. J. Eng. Sci. Comput., vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 21497–21500, 2019.

K. Bashir, “Understanding the role of user interface design in fostering students’ learning process in a multimedia courseware learning environment: insights from a Malaysian case study,” IIUM J. Educ. Stud., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 93–109, 2018, doi: 10.31436/ijes.v5i1.148.

R. B. T. B. Florence Martin Jerome Hoskins, “Development of an interactive multimedia instructional module,” J. Appl. Instr. Des., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 5–18, 2013.

B. Habib and R. Aamir Raza Ashfaq, “Relationship between factors of quality models and the system development life cycle,” Int. J. Comput. Appl., vol. 81, no. 10, pp. 39–44, 2013, doi: 10.5120/14051-2216.

M. Ali and S. Noordin, “Hubungan antara kemahiran berfikir kritis dengan pencapaian akademik dalam kalangan pelajar Fakulti Pendidikan Universiti Teknologi Malaysia,” J. Teknol., no. January 2012, 2012, doi: 10.11113/jt.v52.136.

T. Mantoro, A. Andryani, R. Dewanti, and M. A. Ayu, “Promoting autonomous learning using ICT in school setting - constructivist perspectives,” Adv. Sci. Lett., vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 699–703, 2017, doi: 10.1166/asl.2017.7555.

M. Saculinggan and E. A. Balase, “Empirical power comparison of goodness of fit tests for normality in the presence of outliers,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser., vol. 435, no. 1, 2013, doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/435/1/012041.

L. A. Becker, “Effect Size ( ES ) - Part I,” no. 1993, p. 14, 2000.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Online (e-ISSN): 2477-2410 || Printed (p-ISSN): 0854-4735

Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi Kejuruan by was distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

Supported by:

Jurnal Ilmiah Magister Managemen

Social Media: