Pengembangan sistem komunikasi augmentatif dan alternatif pada notasi dalam pembelajaran musik anak autis

Lalan Erlani, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia
Ishak Gerard Bachtiar, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia
Arif Taboer, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia


Program layanan pembelajaran musik bagi anak autis dalam implementasinya masih banyak kendala dalam komunikasi antara guru dan siswa. Penelitian menunjukkan sebesar 50% anak dengan spektrum autistik tidak akan mengembangkan kemampuan bicara yang memadai untuk memenuhi kebutuhan komunikasinya. Sehingga alat komunikasi seperti Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) menjadi diperlukan. Penelitian ini bertujuan menemukan penggunaan yang tepat  Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) pada notasi yang tepat dalam pembelajaran musik bagi anak autis yaitu bagaimana pengembangan sistem AAC dalam pembelajaran musik serta dampaknya pada kemampuan musik bagi anak autis. Mixed Method Research sebagai pendekatan dengan kualitatif deskriptif untuk mengeksplore data dalam menemukan ketepatan sistem AAC dan Single Subject Research untuk menganalisis perubahan kemampuan subjek. Tejuannya (1) Penggunaan AAC untuk pengembangan pada notasi musik anak autis adalah pengembangan kartu AAC berbasis asesmen yang dikelompokan berdasarkan materi, (2) Analisis dampak pengembangan yang berdampak signifikan terhadap penggunaan AAC pada notasi pembelajaran musik bagi anak autis yang ditunjukan pada perubahan kemampuan bermain musik materi notasi dengan mendukung fungsi komunikasi pada pembelajaran. Penelitian ini dapat menjadi pertimbangan mendasar dalam pengembangan sistem AAC selanjutnya.


augmentative and alternative communication (AAC); pembelajaran musik; anak autis

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