Metode latihan dan koordinasi mata tangan meningkatkan akurasi forehand sidespin service tenis meja

Indra Safari, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Indonesia
Entan Saptani, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Indonesia


Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menguji pengaruh metode latihan dan koordinasi mata tangan terhadap akurasi pukulan forehand sidespin service tenis meja. Metode latihan dalam penelitian ini adalah distributed practice dan massed practice, sedangkan koordinasi mata tangan terdiri atas koordinasi tinggi dan rendah. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode eksprerimen desain fakorial 2x2. Subjek penelitian delapan maha-siswa UKM tenis meja UPI yang terbagi atas empat kelompok. Berdasarkan placed kelompok koordinasi tinggi dan rendah dengan perlakuan MDP, kelompok persepsi motorik tinggi dan rendah dengan perlakukan MMP.  Penelitian ini dilaksanakan selama 16 kali pertemuan. Hasil penelitian menunjukan (1) metode latihan distributed practice lebih efektif meningkatkan sidespin service tenis meja; (2) Terdapat interaksi antara metode latihan dan tingkat koordinasi dalam meningkatkan sidespin tenis meja; (3) Metode latihan distribut-ed practice lebih efektif digunakan pada kelompok koordinasi tinggi dalam meningkatkan sidespin service tenis meja; (4) Tidak terdapat pengaruh (pengaruhnya sama) metode latihan distributed practice dengan metode massed practice terhadap forehand sidespin service tenis meja pada kelompok koordinasi rendah. Kesimpulan dalam penelitian ini bahwa metode latihan distributed practice lebih efektif digunakan pada atlet yang memiliki tingkat koordinasi tinggi, sedangkan untuk atlet yang memiliki koordinasi rendah bisa menggunakan kedua metode latihan tersebut.

Kata Kunci: distributed practice; massed practice; akurasi forehand sidespin service tenis meja.


Method of exercise and hand-eye coordination improves the accuracy of the forehand sidespin table tennis service



The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the practice method and hand-eye coordination on the accuracy of forehand sidespin table tennis services. The training methods in this study are distributed practice and massed practice, while hand-eye coordination consists of high and low coordination. The research method uses the 2x2 factorial design experiment method. The research subjects were 8 UPI table tennis UKM students who were divided into four groups. Based on the high and low coordinated groups with MDP treatment, the high and low motor perception groups with MMP treatment. The study was conducted during 16 meetings. The results showed (1) The method of distributed practice was more effective in increasing the sidespin of table tennis service; (2) There was an interaction between the training methods and the level of coordination in improving the sidespin of table tennis; (3) The method of distributed practice was more effectively used in high coordination groups in improving the sidespin of table tennis service; (4) There is no influence (the same effect) on the method of distributed practice training with the massed practice method on the forehand sidespin table tennis service in the low coordination group. The conclusion in this study that the method of distributed practice is more effectively used in athletes who have a high level of coordination, whereas for athletes who have low coordination can use both methods of training.


distributed practice; massed practice; koordinasi; akurasi forehand sidespin service tenis meja; accuracy of forehand sidespin table tennis service

Full Text:



Ahmadvand, R., Kiani, S. M. A., & Shojae, M. (2016). The effect of mass & distributed practice on and complex skills in volleyball. Turkish Journal of Kinesiology, 2(3), 49–55.;

Akpinar, S., Devrilmez, E., & Kirazci, S. (2012). Coincidence-anticipation timing requirements are different in racket sports. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 115(2), 581–593.

Bialik, C. (2016). Serving is a disadvantage in some Olympic sports. FiveThirtyEight.

Christina, R. W., & Corcos, D. M. (2004). Coaches guide to teaching sport skills (M. T. Aghdasi (trans.)). Tabriz University Pub.

Coker, C. A. (2017). Motor learning and control for practitioners. McGraw Hill.

Derri, Mertzanidou, & Tzetzis. (2000). Assessment of dynamic balance and body coordination in female athletes of rhythmic and gymnastics, 9-15 years old. Exercise and Society, 26, 55–62.

Druckman, D., & Swets, J. A. (1988). Enhancing human performance: Issues, theories, and techniques. National Academy Press.

Fraenkel, J. R., Wallen, N. E., & Hyun, H. H. (2012). How to design and evaluate research in education. McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages.

Girard, O., & Millet, G. P. (2009). Neuromuscular fatigue in racquet sports. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America, 20(1), 161–173.

Gómez, M.-Á., García-de-Alcaráz, A., & Furley, P. (2017). Analysis of contextual-related variables on serve and receiving performances in elite men’s and women’s table tennis players. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 17(6), 919–933.

Gordon, B., & Inder, T. (2000). The competency levels of third year pre-service primary teachers in performing and learning fundamental motor skills. Journal of Physical Education New Zealand, 33(3), 53–66.

Haywood, K. M., & Getchell, N. (2019). Life span motor development. Human Kinetics.

Hoeger, W. W. K., & Hoeger, S. A. (2013). Principles and labs for physical fitness. Cengage Learning.

Hung, T., Wu, C., Lin, J., Wang, J. S., & Tsai, H. F. (2007). The relationship between stimulus preceding EEG alpha power and reaction time in elite table tennis players. Sports Science Research, 26(3), 11–17.

Kimura, Y., Okamura, M., Harioka, T., Hara, T., Nakasato, A., Ishiyama, T., & Matsukawa, T. (2012). [Suspected diltiazem intoxication resulting in repeated asystole after the induction of anesthesia]. Masui. The Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology, 61(1), 104—107.

Lees, A. (2003). Science and the major racket sports: A review. Journal of Sports Sciences, 21(9), 707–732.

Limoochi. (2006). A Survey of Tabel Tennis Coaches’Opinions of Some Criteria in Talent Identification. International Journal of Tabel Tennis Science, 6, 280–287.

Lumintuarso, R. (2013). Teori kepelatihan olahraga. Lankor.

Magill, R. A. (2011). Motor learning and control: Concepts and applications. McGraw-Hill.

Mahendra, A. (2007). Teori belajar mengajar motorik. FPOK UPI.

Mori, S., Ohtani, Y., & Imanaka, K. (2002). Reaction times and anticipatory skills of karate athletes. Human Movement Science, 21(2), 213–230.

National Association for Sport. (2004). Moving into the future: National physical education standards: A guide to content and assessment. McGraw-Hill Humanities Social.

Payne, V. G., & Isaacs, L. D. (2017). Human motor development: A lifespan approach. Routledge.

Roestiyah, N. K., & Suharto, Y. (1985). Strategi belajar mengajar. PT. Bina Aksara.

Rota, S., Morel, B., Saboul, D., Rogowski, I., & Hautier, C. (2014). Influence of fatigue on upper limb muscle activity and performance in tennis. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 24(1), 90–97.

Rusdiana, A., & Ichsan, D. N. (2017). Rubber bat effect of maximal ball velocity in table tennis. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 180(1), 012231.

Saleh, S. F. (2015). Effects of training with multi-balls on some visual abilities and counter-attack skills for junior table tennis players. Journal of Applied Sports Science, 5(2).

Schmidt, R. A., Lee, T. D., Winstein, C., Wulf, G., & Zelaznik, H. N. (2018). Motor control and learning: A behavioral emphasis. Human Kinetics.

Schmidt, R. A., & Wrisberg, C. A. (2008). Motor learning and performance: A situation-based learning approach. Human Kinetics.

Singh, H. (2012). Science of sports training. Chawla Offset Printers.

Toriola, A. L., Toriola, O. M., & Igbokwe, N. U. (2004). Validity of specific motor skills in predicting table-tennis performance in novice players. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 98(2), 584–586.

Tsetseli, M., Malliou, V., Zetou, E., Michalopoulou, M., & Kambas, A. (2010). The effect of a coordination training program on the development of tennis service technique. Journal Biology of Exercise, 6(1), 29–36.

Ulrich, D. A., & Sanford, C. B. (2000). Test of gross motor development: examiner’s manual. Austin.

van Rossum, J. H. A., & Gagné, F. (1994). Rankings of predictors of athletic performance by top level coaches. European Journal of High Ability, 5(1), 68–78.

Wiwin, D., Mintarto, E., & Nurkholis, N. (2017). The influence of methods massed practice and distributed practice model on the speed and accuracy of service tennis courts. Journal of Physical Education Health and Sport, 4(1), 18–22.

Yunus, M. (1992). Bolavoli olahraga pilihan. Depdikbud Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi.

Zheng, W., & Jin, K. (2016). Multi ball training method: A new attempt of table tennis training in colleges and universities. Proceedings of 2016 5th International Conference on Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, SSEHR, 261–264.

Zwierko, T., Lesiakowski, P., & Florkiewicz, B. (2005). Selected aspects of motor co- ordination in young basketball players. Human Movement Science, 6, 124–128.



Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Keolahragaan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Keolahragaan is indexed by:


Creative Commons License
Jurnal Keolahragaan by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

All rights reserved p-ISSN: 2339-0662 | e-ISSN: 2461-0259

View My Stats