An examination of student bullying tendencies in West Sumatera, Indonesia

Yeni Karneli, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia
Edi Purwanta, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Mohd Suhadi Bin Mohamed Sidik, Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Sultan Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah,, Malaysia
Miftahul Fikri, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia
Afdal Afdal, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia
Firman Firman, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia

Abstract


This study aims to examine bullying tendencies among students in Indonesia. A sample of 689 male and female students was selected using a simple random sampling technique. Data were collected through the Bullying Behavior Tendency Scale (BBTS), which consisted of 45 questions using a Likert scale, and were analyzed descriptively. The results showed that the bullying tendencies were in a low category. However, it was discovered that 32.08, 4.06, and 0.87% of students were in the moderate, high, and very high categories, respectively. Additionally, it was observed that there are significant differences in bullying behavior between male and female students. These results provide a basis for understanding the role of school counseling services in reducing bullying behavior which is prevalent and can cause trauma. Therefore, it is essential to implement preventive programs to address the tendencies of some students engaging in this act at school.

Keywords


Bullying Tendencies; Student; Counseling Intervention

Full Text:

PDF

References


Acosta, J. (2019). Understanding the relationship between perceived school climate and bullying: A mediator analysis. Journal of School Violence, 18(2), 200–215. https://doi.org/10.1080/15388220.2018.1453820

Aldridge, J. M. (2018). Relationships between school climate, bullying and delinquent behaviours. Learning Environments Research, 21(2), 153–172. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10984-017-9249-6

Allen, C. W. (2018). School absenteeism in children and adolescents. American Family Physician, 98(12), 738–744.

Baier, D. (2019). Consequences of Bullying on Adolescents’ Mental Health in Germany: Comparing Face-to-Face Bullying and Cyberbullying. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 28(9), 2347–2357. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-018-1181-6

Beane, A. L. (2008). Protect your child from bullying: Expert advice to help you recognize, prevent, and stop bullying before your child gets hurt. John Wiley & Sons.

Birks, M. (2018). A ‘rite of passage?’: Bullying experiences of nursing students in Australia. Collegian, 25(1), 45–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colegn.2017.03.005

Chang, Q. (2019). Cyberbullying and suicide ideation among Hong Kong adolescents: The mitigating effects of life satisfaction with family, classmates and academic results. Psychiatry Research, 274, 269–273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.02.054

Charalampous, K. (2018). The effect of parental style on bullying and cyber bullying behaviors and the mediating role of peer attachment relationships: A longitudinal study. Journal of Adolescence, 64, 109–123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.02.003

Chen, S., Liang, K., Chen, S., Huang, L., & Chi, X. (2023). Association Between 24-Hour Movement Guideline and Physical , Verbal , and Relational Forms of Bullying Among Chinese Adolescents. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health, 00(0), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1177/10105395221148851

Cho, S. (2018). Explaining physical, verbal, and social bullying among bullies, victims of bullying, and bully-victims: Assessing the integrated approach between social control and lifestyles-routine activities theories. Children and Youth Services Review, 91, 372–382. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.06.018

Dovchin, S. (2020). The psychological damages of linguistic racism and international students in Australia. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 23(7), 804–818. https://doi.org/10.1080/13670050.2020.1759504

Espelage, D. L. (2018). A longitudinal examination of homophobic name-calling in middle school: Bullying, traditional masculinity, and sexual harassment as predictors. Psychology of Violence, 8(1), 57–66. https://doi.org/10.1037/vio0000083

Esposito, C. (2019). Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury and its relationships with school bullying and peer rejection. Psychiatry Research, 274, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.02.018

Evans, C. B. R. (2019). Cumulative Bullying Experiences, Adolescent Behavioral and Mental Health, and Academic Achievement: An Integrative Model of Perpetration, Victimization, and Bystander Behavior. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 28(9), 2415–2428. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-018-1078-4

Fandrem, H., & Støen, J. (2021). Immigrant and Non-immigrant Parents’ Involvement in Bullying Cases. International Journal of Bullying Prevention, 1–12.

Fischer, S. M., John, N., & Bilz, L. (2021). Teachers’ Self-efficacy in preventing and intervening in school bullying: A systematic review. International Journal of Bullying Prevention, 3(3), 196–212.

Han, L. (2019). Unintentional injuries and violence among adolescents aged 12–15 years in 68 low-income and middle-income countries: a secondary analysis of data from the Global School-Based Student Health Survey. The Lancet Child and Adolescent Health, 3(9), 616–626. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(19)30195-6

Hinduja, S. (2019). Connecting Adolescent Suicide to the Severity of Bullying and Cyberbullying. Journal of School Violence, 18(3), 333–346. https://doi.org/10.1080/15388220.2018.1492417

Hong, J. S., Kim, D. H., & Piquero, A. R. (2017). Assessing the links between punitive parenting, peer deviance, social isolation and bullying perpetration and victimization in South Korean adolescents. Child Abuse & Neglect, 73, 63–70.

Jenkins, L. (2019). Bystander Intervention in Bullying: Role of Social Skills and Gender. Journal of Early Adolescence, 39(2), 141–166. https://doi.org/10.1177/0272431617735652

Johansson, S., & Englund, G. (2021). Cyberbullying and its relationship with physical, verbal, and relational bullying: a structural equation modelling approach. Educational Psychology, 41(3), 320–337.

Johnson, K. (2019). Chronic Poverty: The Implications of Bullying, Trauma, and the Education of the Poverty-Stricken Population. European Journal of Educational Sciences.

Joukov, A. M., & Caspar, S. M. (2021). Verbal Bullying in School: The Constitutional and Psychological Argument That Government Intervention Makes Things Worse. S. Ill. ULJ, 46, 417.

Karneli, Y., Ardimen, A., & Netrawati, N. (2019). Keefektifan konseling modifikasi kognitif perilaku untuk menurunkan stres akademik siswa. JKI (Jurnal Konseling Indonesia), 4(2), 42–47.

Karneli, Y., Neviyarni, N., Firman, F., & Yulidar, Y. (2020). Pengembangan modul konseling kreatif dalam bingkai modifikasi kognitif perilaku untuk menurunkan perilaku agresif siswa. Jurnal Bimbingan Dan Konseling Ar-Rahman, 6(1), 43–49.

Karneli, Y., Syukur, Y., & Pratiwi, R. (2020). Improving the skills of counselors using KREIN-MKP (Creative and innovative cognitive-based behavioral counseling) to reduce covid-19 pandemic anxiety. Jurnal Neo Konseling, 2(4).

Kollerová, L., Soukup, P., Strohmeier, D., & Caravita, S. C. S. (2021). Teachers’ active responses to bullying: Does the school collegial climate make a difference? European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 18(6), 912–927.

Koyanagi, A. (2019). Bullying Victimization and Suicide Attempt Among Adolescents Aged 12–15 Years From 48 Countries. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 58(9), 907–918. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2018.10.018

Lee, J. (2018). Face-to-Face Bullying, Cyberbullying, and Multiple Forms of Substance Use Among School-Age Adolescents in the USA. School Mental Health, 10(1), 12–25. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12310-017-9231-6

Li, L. (2020). Bullying victimization, school belonging, academic engagement and achievement in adolescents in rural China: A serial mediation model. Children and Youth Services Review, 113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.104946

London, R., & Ingram, D. (2018). Social isolation in middle school. School Community Journal, 28(1), 107–127.

Longobardi, C. (2018). Student-teacher relationships and bullying: The role of student social status. Journal of Adolescence, 63, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2017.12.001

Lu, L., Jian, S., Dong, M., Gao, J., Zhang, T., Chen, X., Zhang, Y., Shen, H., Chen, H., & Gai, X. (2020). Childhood trauma and suicidal ideation among Chinese university students: the mediating effect of Internet addiction and school bullying victimisation. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 29.

Luca, L. De. (2019). The teacher’s role in preventing bullying. Frontiers in Psychology, 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01830

Matson, J. L., & Ollendick, T. H. (1988). Enhancing children’s social skills: Assessment and training. Pergamon Press.

Matuschka, L. K., Scott, J. G., Campbell, M. A., Lawrence, D., Zubrick, S. R., Bartlett, J., & Thomas, H. J. (2022). Correlates of help-seeking behaviour in adolescents who experience bullying victimisation. International Journal of Bullying Prevention, 4(2), 99–114.

Mayo, D., Bolden, K. A., Simon, T. J., & Niendam, T. A. (2019). Bullying and psychosis: The impact of chronic traumatic stress on psychosis risk in 22q11. 2 deletion syndrome-a uniquely vulnerable population. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 114, 99–104.

Meichenbaum, D., & Cameron, R. (1974). The clinical potential of modifying what clients say to themselves. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice, 11(2), 103.

Midgett, A. (2019). Witnessing Bullying at School: The Association Between Being a Bystander and Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms. School Mental Health, 11(3), 454–463. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12310-019-09312-6

Muluk, S., Habiburrahim, H., Dahliana, S., & Akmal, S. (2021). The impact of bullying on EFL students’ academic achievement at state Islamic universities in Indonesia. Englisia: Journal of Language, Education, and Humanities, 8(2), 120–137.

Östberg, V. (2018). Bullying as a stressor in mid-adolescent girls and boys-associations with perceived stress, recurrent pain, and salivary cortisol. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(2). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020364

Palmer, S. (2022). Rational coaching: A cognitive behavioural approach. Coaching Practiced, 211–221.

Plexousakis, S. S. (2019). School bullying and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms: The role of parental bonding. Frontiers in Public Health, 7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2019.00075

Pontes, N. (2018). Trends in bullying victimization by gender among U.S. high school students. Research in Nursing and Health, 41(3), 243–251. https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.21868

Quintana-Orts, C., Rey, L., Mérida-López, S., & Extremera, N. (2019). What bridges the gap between emotional intelligence and suicide risk in victims of bullying? A moderated mediation study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 245, 798–805.

Rambaran, J. A., Dijkstra, J. K., & Veenstra, R. (2020). Bullying as a Group Process in Childhood: A Longitudinal Social Network Analysis. Child Development, 91(4), 1336–1352. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13298

Romanowska, M., & Dobroczyński, B. (2020). Unconscious processes in Aaron Beck’s cognitive theory: Reconstruction and discussion. Theory & Psychology, 30(2), 223–242.

Ryzin, M. J. Van. (2019). Effects of cooperative learning on peer relations, empathy, and bullying in middle school. Aggressive Behavior, 45(6), 643–651. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.21858

Salmon, S. (2018). Bullying victimization experiences among middle and high school adolescents: Traditional bullying, discriminatory harassment, and cybervictimization. Journal of Adolescence, 63, 29–40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2017.12.005

Sampasa-Kanyinga, H. (2018). Bullying involvement, psychological distress, and short sleep duration among adolescents. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 53(12), 1371–1380. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-018-1590-2

Sampasa-Kanyinga, Hugues, Colman, I., Goldfield, G. S., Janssen, I., Wang, J., Podinic, I., Tremblay, M. S., Saunders, T. J., Sampson, M., & Chaput, J.-P. (2020). Combinations of physical activity, sedentary time, and sleep duration and their associations with depressive symptoms and other mental health problems in children and adolescents: a systematic review. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 17(1), 1–16.

Serafini, G., Aguglia, A., Amerio, A., Canepa, G., Adavastro, G., Conigliaro, C., Nebbia, J., Franchi, L., Flouri, E., & Amore, M. (2021). The relationship between bullying victimization and perpetration and non-suicidal self-injury: a systematic review. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 1–22.

Sumintono, B., & Widhiarso, W. (2015). Aplikasi pemodelan rasch pada assessment pendidikan. Trim Komunikata.

Sung, Y.-H., Lu, C.-Y., Chen, L.-M., & Valcke, M. (2020). Teachers’ cognitions and handling strategies regarding bully-victims. Research Papers in Education, 35(3), 249–265.

Vaillancourt, T. (2021). School bullying before and during COVID-19: Results from a population-based randomized design. Aggressive Behavior, 47(5), 557–569. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.21986

van der Ploeg, R. (2020). The way bullying works: How new ties facilitate the mutual reinforcement of status and bullying in elementary schools. Social Networks, 60, 71–82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socnet.2018.12.006

Wachs, S. (2019). Bullying Intervention in Schools: A Multilevel Analysis of Teachers’ Success in Handling Bullying From the Students’ Perspective. Journal of Early Adolescence, 39(5), 642–668. https://doi.org/10.1177/0272431618780423

Walls, N. E. (2019). Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation, Mental Health, and Bullying as Predictors of Partner Violence in a Representative Sample of Youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 64(1), 86–92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.08.011

Wang, G. F. (2019). Examining Childhood Maltreatment and School Bullying Among Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Study From Anhui Province in China. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 34(5), 980–999. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260516647000

Xiong, Q., Shi, S., Chen, J., Hu, Y., Zheng, X., Li, C., & Yu, Q. (2020). Examining the link between academic achievement and adolescent bullying: a moderated moderating model. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 13, 919.

Yun, H. (2018). Defending Victims of Bullying in Early Adolescence: A Multilevel Analysis. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 47(9), 1926–1937. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-018-0869-7




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v42i2.57936

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




 

Social Media:

     


 

 Creative Commons License
Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan by Lembaga Pengembangan dan Penjaminan Mutu Pendidikan UNY is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/cp/index.

Translator
 
 web
analytics
View Our Stats

Flag Counter