Developing Four Tier Misconception Diagnostic Test About Kinematics

Pujayanto Pujayanto

Abstract


Abstract: This study aimed to develop a valid Four Tier Misconception Diagnostic Test about Kinematics that is intended to describe high school physics teacher’s misconception profile. This research and development study involved high school physics teachers in Surakarta as the research subjects. The research was conducted in the following stages: literature review to prepare initial draft; qualitative test of validity by two experts; a quantitative test of the content validity using the Lawshe formula; an initial field trial (6 subjects); and a main field trial (30 subjects) to explore the reliability of the test using the Cronbach Alpha formula. The result from the try out was subsequently revised to create the final product. A questionnaire was used to collect the data. Both quantitative and qualitative descriptive analyses were performed. The quantitative test results indicated that both the items and instruments meet the criteria of good content validity and high reliability. This research has developed an instrument consisting of 30 items that can be used to describe high school physics teacher’s misconception.

 Keywords: four tier, diagnostic test, misconception profile

Pengembangan Tes Diagnostik Miskonsepsi Empat Tahap Tentang Kinematika 

Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan instrumen Tes Diagnostik Miskonsepsi Empat Tahap Tentang Kinematika (TDMET-K) yang dapat mendeskripsikan profil miskonsepsi guru fisika SMA dengan kriteria baik. Penelitian menggunakan metode penelitian & pengembangan dengan guru fisika SMA di Surakarta sebagai subjek penelitian. Tahapan penelitian terdiri atas kajian literatur untuk menyusun draf awal; uji validitas secara kualitatif oleh dua ahli; uji validitas isi secara kuantitatif menggunakan formula Lawshe; uji coba lapangan awal (6 subjek); uji coba lapangan utama (30 subjek) sebagai bahan untuk menguji reliabilitas menggunakan formula Alpha Cronbach. Hasil uji menjadi bahan revisi sehingga dihasilkan TDMET-K final. Instrumen pengambilan data yang digunakan berupa angket. Analisis data dilakukan secara kuantitatif dan deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil uji kuantitatif menunjukkan bahwa baik item maupun instrumen memenuhi kriteria validitas isi yang baik dan reliabilitas instrumen termasuk kategori tinggi. Penelitian ini telah berhasil mengembangkan instrumen TDMET-K sebanyak 30 butir yang dapat mendeskripsikan profil miskonsepsi guru fisika SMA dengan kriteria baik.

Kata Kunci: empat tahap, tes diagnostik, profil miskonsepsi


Keywords


four tiers; diagnostic test; misconception profile

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v37i2.16491

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