ANALISIS KESULITAN BELAJAR DAN PENCAPAIAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA MELALUI STRATEGI PEMBELAJARAN INKUIRI

Izaak H. Wenno,
Katerina Esomar,
Venty Sopacua,

Abstract


Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kesulitan belajar dan pencapaian hasil belajar
siswa SMA pada materi elastisitas bahan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskritif dengan sampel
kelas XI IPA
Negeri 5 Ambon. Data analisis kesulitan belajar diperoleh melalui angket, sedangkan
data pencapaian hasil belajar diperoleh dari nilai formatif dan proses yang meliputi nilai kognitif,
afektif, dan psikomotor. Data dianalisis dengan teknik statistik deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan
bahwa selama proses pembelajaran terdapat empat jenis kesulitan, yaitu kesulitan dalam menguasai
konsep, mengaitkan hubungan antara konsep, menguasai rumus, dan mengoperasikan rumus saat
menyelesaikan soal. Sebelum menggunakan strategi inkuiri, kemampuan siswa menguasai konsep
antara 69,2-82,3%. Setelah penggunaan strategi inkuiri, kemampuan siswa meningkat menjadi 90,8%.
Kemampuan mengaitkan antarkonsep meningkat menjadi 89,2%. Kemampuan menguasai rumus 87,1%,
dan kemampuan mengoperasikan rumus untuk penyelesaian soal 91,3%. Peningkatan hasil belajar juga
terjadi pada konsep elastisitas bahan. Strategi pembelajaran inkuri dapat mengatasi kesulitan belajar siswa
4
dan dapat mencapai hasil belajarnya pada materi elastisitas bahan.
Kata Kunci: strategi pembelajaran inkuiri, kesulitan belajar, dan pencapaian hasil belajar
ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS’ LEARNING DIFFICULTIES AND ACHIEVEMENT
IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF INQUIRY LEARNING
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to revealstudents’ learning difficulties and achievement in learning
the concepts of material elasticityin class XI SMA. This research belongs to descriptive study done
to a sample of class XI IPA4 Negeri 5 Ambon with the total of 39 students. Learning difficultiesdata
were obtained through questionnaires before and after the implementation of inquiry learning, while
achievement data were obtained from the formative and process values that includes cognitive (student
worksheet), affective, and psychomotor aspects duringthe learning activities. The results show that during
the process of learning physics in particular on the concept of material elasticity, there are four types of
difficulties experienced by students, i.e. difficulty in mastering the concepts, difficulty in establishing
links betweenconcepts, difficulty in mastering formulas, and difficulty in operating formulas for solving
problems. The results showthat students’ ability to master the concepts ranges 69.2 to 82.3% before
applying the inquiry strategy and reaches 90.8% after using the strategy. The ability to link concepts
increases to 89.2%. The ability to master the formula reaches 87.1%, and the ability to operate formulas
for solving problemsis about 91.3%. The learning outcomes are also improving. Thus, it can be concluded
that inqury learning strategies can address students’ learning difficulties and can help students achieve
better results in learning material elasticity concept.
Keywords: inquiry learning strategies, learning difficult, and learning outcomes

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v35i3.10706

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Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan by Lembaga Pengembangan dan Penjaminan Mutu Pendidikan UNY is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/cp/index.

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