The Task of Machine Tool Operators in Small and Medium Enterprises in Indonesia

 Bernardus Sentot Wijanarka, Nuchron Nuchron, Dwi Rahdiyanta, Theopile Habanabakize


The needs of operators for each type of industry are different because the type and the complexity of the task is different. Small and medium-sized industries require machine operators with better capabilities than operators in large companies, thus it is necessary to identify what tasks are performed by these operators. This study aim at (1) identifying duties of machine tool operators in small and medium enterprises, and (2) identifying tasks carried out by machine tool operators in small and medium enterprises. This study used a descriptive research method. The participants were eight machine tool operators from five small and medium enterprises in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The data collection used document review, observation, questionnaires and focus group discussions. The data were analysed using descriptive analysis. The results of the study were (1) five duties done by machine tool operators are identified (maintaining safe work environment, maintaining the machine tools, analyzing the blueprint, performing machining operations, cleaning the machines and the workplace), and (2) twenty seven tasks executed by machine tool operators are identified; twenty-two knowledge and skills, seventeen behaviors, and eighteen machines, tools and equipment required by machine operators.


duties, machining, machine tool operators, small and medium enterprises, task

Full Text:



Baser, J.A., Jizat, N.A.M., Yunus, F.A.N., Rahim, M.B., Razzaq, A.R.A., & Hasan, A. 2017. Competency of National Dual Training System Industry Advisors. Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan, 23.4, 328-338

Baser, J.A., Hasan. A., Asha’ri, A.H., & Khairudin, M. 2017. A Study on The Transferable Skills of The Engineering Students at Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia. Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan, 23.3, 257-264

BPS-Statistics of Indonesia. 2017. Indikator Industri Manufaktur – Manufacturing Industrial Indicator Indonesia 2015. Jakarta: BPS

Dixon, R. A. & Stricklin, L.S. 2014. Lessons Learned Using the Modified DACUM Approach to Identify Duties and Tasks for CADD Technicians in North Central Idaho, Online Journal for Workforce Education and Development, VII,1 – Spring.1-14

Hyun-Sook, K., Haeng-Mi, S., Nan-Young, L., Kyung-Sook, C., Sung-Bok, K., Yeo-Jin, Y., & Young-Sook, C. 2012. Job Analysis of Clinical Research Coordinators Using the DACUM Process. J Korean Acad Nurs. 42.7, 1027-1038

Johnson, J. 2010. What GIS Technicians Do: A Synthesis of DACUM Job Analyses. URISA Journal. 22.2, 31-40

Lundkvist, A.H. & Gustavson, M. 2017. Conditions for Employee Learning and Innovation Interweaving Competence Development Activities Provided by a Workplace Development Programme with Everyday Work Activities in SMEs. Vocations and Learning, 1-19

Ministry of Manpower and Transmigration of Indonesia. 2004. Keputusan Menteri Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi No. Kep. 240/Men/X/2004, Tentang Penetapan Standard Kompetensi Kerja Nasional Indonesia Sektot Logam Mesin

Pardede, R. 2017. Indonesia Hadapi Revolusi Industri Keempat. News. Jakarta: Ministry of Industry of Indonesia



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Online (e-ISSN): 2477-2410 || Printed (p-ISSN): 0854-4735

Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi Kejuruan by was distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats