Youth Driven Engagement in the Homestay Program

 Hairuddin Bin Harun, Abdul Rasid Bin Abdul Razzaq, Norzella Binti Bokhari


Community-based tourism (CBT) is one of the tourist attracting ways involving local community which aims to develop and to enhance the era as well as to bring renewal to the local community. It includes the involvement of youth. CBT comes in various types and this study was conducted to find how CBT can create youth engagement in the homestay program. There were various factors that motivate youth to participate in homestay program. This study involved one case study of a qualitative study conducted in a district in Sabah, namely in Kundasang.  In this study, Mersilou Homestay and Walai Tokou Homestay were chosen to be used as a place of study to review factors youth engagement in the homestay program.  Data collection was through interviews in partial structures.  Data were analyzed using NviVo 10 software and based on certain themes.  The findings shown that there were several factors which drive engagement of youth in the homestay program in terms of interests, income, parental encouragement and comfort working in their own areas.  In conclusion, the engagement of youth in the homestay program is based on the factors discovered in the study.


community based tourism, homestay, migrate

Full Text:



Abdul Razzaq, A. R., Hadi, M. Y., Mustafa, M. Z., Hamzah, A., Khalifah, Z., & Mohamad, N. H. 2011. Local Community Participation in Homestay Program Development in Malaysia. Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing. 7. 12, 1418–1429

Abdul Razzaq, A. R., Mustafa, M. Z., & Syed A. Kader, S. S. 2014. Pembangunan Keupayaan Komuniti Menerusi Pendekatan Pembelajaran Berasaskan Pengalaman (Experiential Learning Approach): Pengalaman di Miso Walai. Prosiding 080 CiE-TVET, 1196–1206. Accessed from http://eprints. my/6758/

Castles. S., & Miller, M.1. 2003. The Age of Migration. London; MacMillan Press Ltd.

Gu, M., & Wong, P. 2006. Residents' Perception of Tourism Impacts: A Case Study of Homestay Operators in Dachangshan Dao, North-East China. Tourism Geographies. 8. 3, 253e273.

Harun, H., Hassan, R., Abdul Razzaq, A.R., & Mustafa, M.Z. 2012. Building Local Capacities towards Sustaining Community Based Tourism Development (CBET): Experience from Miso Walal Homestay, Kinabantangan Sabah, Malaysia. In: Regional Conference on Higher Education-Community-Industry Engagement, 7-9 May 2012, Kuala Lumpur

Hamzah, A. 1997. The Evolution of Small Scale Tourism in Malaysia: Problem, Opportunities & Implications on Sustainability. In M. J. Stabler (Ed.), Tourism and Sustainability: principles and Practices (pp. 199-218). CAB international: Wallingfor

Ibrahim, Y., & Abdul Razzaq, A. R. 2010. Homestay Program and Rural Community Development in Malaysia. Journal of Ritsumeikan Social Sciences and Humanities. 2, 7-24

International Organization for Migration. 2011. World Migration Report 2011: Communicating Effectively About Migration. Switzerland: International Organization for Migration

Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. 2010. Laporan Tahunan Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. Putrajaya: Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia

Johan, A.I. & Ahmad, M.Z.. 2009. Homestay Program Rural Economic Growth Catalyst, Case Study: The States North Peninsular Malaysia. Prosiding PERKEM IV. 2, 227-242

Kayat, K. 2007. Customer Orientation among Rural Home Stay Operators in Malaysia. ASEAN Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, 6

Kayat, K. 2009. Community Based Tourism in Developing Countries. Paper presented at the International Seminar on Community Based Tourism Shah Alam, Malaysia, 4-5 August

Kayat, K. & Mohd Nor, N.S. 2006. Penglibatan Ahli Komuniti dalam Program Pembangunan Komuniti: Satu Kajian ke Atas Program Homestay di Kedah. 67.1, 77-102

Lynch, P. A. 2000. Networking in The Homestay Sector. The Service Industries Journal. 20. 3, 95-116

Miskam, N. and Shafii, H. 2013. Transformasi Pembangunan Luar Bandar: Kesan Keatas Kesejahteraan Masyarakat. Accessed at 3550/1/Persidangan_Geografi_%26_Alam_Sekitar_1.pdf2 on July 2016. OAI :

Ministry of Culture, Art and Tourism Malaysia. 2011. Statistik Terkini Program Homestay. Putrajaya. Bahagian Pembangunan Industri, KPL

Mitchell, J. & A, Ashley, C. 2010. Tourism and Poverty Reduction: Pathways to Prosperity. London: Earthscan

Mohd Nor, N. A., & Kayat, K. 2010. The Challenges of Community-Based Homestay Programme in Malaysia. Nor. Regional Conference on Tourism Research (RCTR 2010), 66–73

Novita, Anna. 2015. Pengaruh pemberian reward transaksional orangtua terhadap prestasi siswa di SMKN 1 Saptosari. Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan. 22. 3, 251-261

Nurmala, Siti. 2012. Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Minat Siswa Kelas IX SMP untuk Melanjutkan ke SMKN 2 Simpang Empat Kompetensi Keahlian Perawat Kesehatan Kabupaten Tanah Bumbu. Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan. 21. 2, 30-45

Omar, M.Z.. 2010. Pembasmian Kemiskinan di Malaysia. Pulau Pinang: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia

Peterson, S. L. 2004. Toward a Theoretical Model of Employee Turnover: A Human Resource Development Perspective. Human Resource Development Review. 3. 3, 209–227.

Pusiran, A. K., & Xiao, H. 2013. Challenges and Community Development: A Case

Study Of Homestay In Malaysia. Asian Social Science. 9. 5, 1-17. 10.5539/ass.v9n5p1

Scheyvens, R. 2007. Exploring the Tourism-Poverty Nexus. In Pro-poor Tourism: Who Benefits?: Perspectives on Tourism and Poverty Reduction. Edited

by Michael C. Hall. Clevedon, UK:

Channel View Publications

Yaakob, U. & Masron, T. 2010. Isu-isu Kependudukan dan Migrasi di Malaysia. Pulau Pinang: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Yahya, I., 2004. Homestay programme in Malaysia: Development and Prospect. ASEAN Journal on Hospitality and Tourism. 3.1, 65-75

Yahya, I., & Abdul Razzaq, A.R. 2009. Homestay Program and Rural Community Development in Malaysia. Journal of Ritsumeikan Social Sciences and Humanities, 2. 7



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Online (e-ISSN): 2477-2410 || Printed (p-ISSN): 0854-4735

Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi Kejuruan by was distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats