Promoting Digital Literacy: Assessing Teachers Readiness in Utilizing Information and Communication Technology for Learning in Rural Area

Nurul Hidayati Rofiah, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Indonesia
Restiana Restiana, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Indonesia
Rahmatika Dewi, Graduate School for School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Hiroshima University, Japan


This research aims to evaluate and ascertain the readiness of teachers to utilize Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in educational settings, with a particular focus on rural environments. By examining teachers' preparedness in employing ICT, the study sheds light on the unique conditions and phenomena associated with technology use in learning activities in rural areas. The methodology adopted for this research was a descriptive qualitative approach, using a case study design focused on the island of Belitung. The study involved 12 classroom teachers from three elementary schools in Badau Village as research subjects. Data were gathered through interviews and document analysis, employing thematic analysis techniques for data interpretation. To ensure the validity of the data, techniques of technical and source triangulation were used. The findings indicate six themes regarding the teachers' readiness to use ICT, including teachers' proficiency in operating laptops/computers, and their capability to plan, select, and integrate ICT tools for educational and administrative purposes. Additionally, skills in collaboration, using the internet, and leveraging other advanced applications are deemed crucial. The study also reveals that teachers need to comprehend their roles and functions in adapting to ICT developments, thereby aligning their readiness with the standards of professional teacher competency. The study highlights the need for teachers to understand their roles in ICT adaptation, aligning with professional competency standards. These insights provide a framework for future research, policymaking, and practice enhancement in educational ICT, aiming to improve educational quality and effectiveness in the digital age.


digital literacy, teacher, professional competence, rural area, education

Full Text:



Adlin. (2019). Analysis of teachers' ability to utilize computer-based media in elementary school learning. Jurnal Imajinasi, 3 (2) 30-34.

Affandi. (2018). Information and communication technology in education. YNHW Press.

Amalia, I. (2020). Using information and communication technology (ict) in the learning process at elementary schools. Research and Learning in Primary School, 2 (2), 152-155.

Aspi, M., & Syahrani. (2022). Teacher professionalism in facing the challenges of educational technology development. Adiba: Journal of Education, 2 (1), 64-73.

Asamoah, M. K. (2019). TPACK model for teaching and students’ learning. Journal of Academic Ethics, 17(4), 401-421.

Batubara, D. S. (2017). Information and communication technology competence of elementary school teachers (portrait, factors, and efforts to improve it). Muallimuna, 3 (1), 48-65.

Budiman, M. (2022). Development of character-based collegial supervision in the teacher working group at the elementary school level in wilayah two of the ministry of religious affairs, maros district. Jurnal Pendidikan Taman Widya Humaniora. 3 (2), 26-44.

Central Bureau of Statistics. (2020). Indonesian telecommunications statistics. from Badan Pusat Statistik Indonesia: Retrieved Januari 13, 2022

Chia, C. S., & Kong, S. C. (2016). Professional learning for 21st century education. Journal of Computers in Education, 4 (1), 1-4.

Chen, C. H., & Tsai, C. C. (2021). In-service teachers' conceptions of mobile technology-integrated instruction: Tendency towards student-centered learning. Computers & Education, 170, 104224.

Drossel, K., Eickelmann, B., & Gerick, J. (2017). Predictors of teachers’ use of ICT in school–the relevance of school characteristics, teachers’ attitudes and teacher collaboration. Education and Information Technologies, 22, 551-573.

Dzaky, S. Z. A., Badarudin, Muslim, A.H (2020). Analysis of teacher competence in mastering information and communication technology in learning at state elementary school 2 purbalingga lor. School Education Journal. 10 (1), 26-36.

Fernández-Batanero, J. M., Montenegro-Rueda, M., Fernández-Cerero, J., & García-Martínez, I. (2022). Digital competences for teacher professional development: Systematic review. European Journal of Teacher Education, 45(4), 513-531.

Fitriah, D., & Mirianda, M. U. (2019). Teacher readiness in facing the challenges of technology-based education. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Program Pascasarjana Universitas PGRI Palembang.

Hariyanta, D., Hermanto, H., & Herwin, H. (2022). Distance learning management in elementary schools during the pandemic. Jurnal Prima Edukasia, 10(2), 123-129.

Hasibuan, M. F. (2021). Analysis of the competency of madrasah ibtidaiyah teachers in the use of information and communication technology in learning. Jurnal Analisa Pemikiran Insan Cendikia (Jurnal APIC), 4(2), 44-53.

Heriyanto. (2018). Thematic analysis as a method for analyzing data in qualitative research. Anuva: Jurnal Kajian Budaya, Perpustakaan, dan Informasi. 2(3), 318-324.

Hew, K. F., & Tan, C. Y. (2016). Predictors of information technology integration in secondary schools: Evidence from a large scale study of more than 30,000 students. PLoS One, 11(12), 1-20.

Kerckaert, S., Vanderlinde, R., & van Braak, J. (2015). The role of ICT in early childhood education: Scale development and research on ICT use and influencing factors. European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 23(2), 183-199. //

Kristanto, V. H. (2018). Research methodology: Guidelines for writing scientific papers [Metodologi Penelitian Pedoman Penulisan Karya Tulis Ilmiah]. Yogyakarta: Deepublish.

Lichtman, M. (2023). Qualitative research in education: A user's guide. Routledge.

Marlina. (2018). The influence of skills on the performance of employees at pt. bank sumsel syariah palembang. UIN Raden Fatah.

Nindya, M. I. S., & Dafit, F. (2022). Utilization of information and communication technology in the learning process in elementary school. International Journal of Elementary Education, 6(1), 173-181.

Paramita, P. P., Andriani, F., Handayani, M. M., & Rusli, R. (2023). Teacher participation in professional learning programs in classroom behavior management. Jurnal Prima Edukasia, 11(1), 96-105.

Petko, D., Prasse, D., & Cantieni, A. (2018). The interplay of school readiness and teacher readiness for educational technology integration: A structural equation model. Computers in the Schools, 35(1), 1-18.

Pradana, W. Y., & Nasution, M. I. P. (2023). Use of Technology in Education: Challenges for Teachers in the 21st Century. Journal Sains Student Research, 1(2), 774-778.

Prajana, A., dan Astuti, Y. (2020). Utilization of information and communication technology in learning by vocational high school teachers in banda aceh in the effort to implement the 2013 curriculum. Jurnal Inovasi Teknologi Pembelajaran. 7(1), 33-41.

Prawiradilaga, D. S. (2016). Mosaic of educational technology: e-learning. Kencana.

Rachmadtullah, R., Yustitia, V., Setiawan, B., Fanny, A. M., Pramulia, P., Susiloningsih, W., & Ardhian, T. (2020). The challenge of elementary school teachers to encounter superior generation in the 4.0 industrial revolution: Study literature. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 9(4), 1879-1882.

Regulation of the Minister of National Education Number 16 of 2007 on the Standard of Academic Qualifications and Competencies of Teachers.

Sari, I. N., Lestari, L. P., Kusuma, D. W., Mafulah, S., Brata, D. P. N., Iffah, J. D. N., & Sulistiana, D. (2022). Educational Research Methodology. Unisma Press.

Sillat, L. H., Tammets, K., & Laanpere, M. (2021). Digital competence assessment methods in higher education: A systematic literature review. Education Sciences, 11(8), 402.

Suárez-Rodríguez, J., Almerich, G., Orellana, N., & Díaz-García, I. (2018). A basic model of integration of ICT by teachers: competence and use. Educational Technology Research and Development, 66, 1165-1187.

Sulthon, M., Pujiastuti, P., & Retnawati, H. (2021). What is the teacher’s challenge on the developing of learning media to increase critical thinking ability and the character. Jurnal Prima Edukasia, 9(1), 55-64.

Susanti, D., Prasetyo, Z. K., & Retnawati, H. (2020). Analysis of elementary school teachers’ perspectives on STEM implementation. Jurnal Prima Edukasia, 8(1), 40-50.

Supriatna, U. (2021). Teacher competence in utilizing information and communication technology to develop online learning media. Edumaspul: Jurnal Pendidikan, 5 (1), 214-221.

Syahid, A. A., Hernawan, A. H., dan Dewi, L. (2021). ICT competence in blended learning for elementary school teachers in rural areas. Prosiding FKIP UMC. 3 (1), 83-88.

Tondeur, J., Aesaert, K., Pynoo, B., Van Braak, J., Fraeyman, N., & Erstad, O. (2017). Developing a validated instrument to measure preservice teachers’ ICT competencies: Meeting the demands of the 21st century. British Journal of Educational Technology, 48(2), 462-472.

Tondeur, J., Aesaert, K., Prestridge, S., & Consuegra, E. (2018). A multilevel analysis of what matters in the training of pre-service teacher's ICT competencies. Computers & Education, 122, 32-42.

Tsybulsky, D., & Levin, I. (2019). Science teachers' worldviews in the age of the digital revolution: Structural and content analysis. Teaching and Teacher Education, 86, 102921.

UNESCO. (2018). ICT Competency Framework for Teachers.

Wangid, M. N., Mustadi, A., Herianingtyas, N. L. R., Putri, A. R., Nurhidayah, I., & Mulyani, T. (2018). The benefits of educational tales in teacher and student perspective. Jurnal Prima Edukasia, 6(2), 196-202.

Wu, D., Yang, X., Yang, W., Lu, C., & Li, M. (2022). Effects of teacher-and school-level ICT training on teachers' use of digital educational resources in rural schools in China: A multilevel moderation model. International Journal of Educational Research, 111, 101910.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Prima Edukasia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Prima Edukasia indexed by:

All rights reserved p-ISSN: 2338-4743 |e-ISSN: 2460-9927

Creative Commons LicenseJurnal Prima Edukasia by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
View Prima Edukasia Journal Stats