Implementation of group activity to solve academic Burnout elementary school students

Muhammad Nur Wangid, Department of Educational Psychology and Guidance, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Isti Yuni Purwanti, Department of Educational Psychology and Guidance, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia


Academic burnout in elementary school students is very important to note because in this elementary school all academic experience will be formed. Failure to experience education in elementary schools properly will have a wide and disparate impact on the lives of students. This study aims to reduce the academic burnout experienced by elementary school students. For this reason, collaborative action research is conducted between teachers and researchers. Collaborative research, since planning, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating, as well as reflection is carried out jointly between teachers and researchers. The study subjects were five low-grade students who showed symptoms of experiencing academic burnout. Application of group activities as actions in the form of three games for students, namely picture puzzles, serialized stories, and throwing balls. Observation and interview as the main technique in collecting data. Qualitative analysis is used to analyze the process and results of actions. The results showed that the application of group activities was effective in reducing the academic burnout of five research subjects. All students showed positive changes in behavior, no longer showing symptoms of emotional fatigue, depersonalization, and feelings of inferiority or inadequacy. Research implications and recommendations are discussed.


group activity; academic burnout; elementary school students

Full Text:

Fulltext PDF


Ahmad, S., Hussain, A., Batool, A., Sittar, K., & Malik, M. (2016). Play and cognitive development: Formal operational perspective of piaget’s theory. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(28), 72–79.

Beddoe, A. E., & Murphy, S. O. (2004). Does mindfulness decrease stress and foster empathy among nursing students? Journal of Nursing Education, 43(7), 305–312.

Berg, R. C., Landreth, G. L., & Fall, K. A. (2018). Group counselling concepts and procedures (6th ed.). Rouledge.

Bhagat, V., Haque, M., & Jaalam, K. (2018). Excessive work pressure in University often hampers motivation of academic staffs to work at their optimal level. Journal of Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences University, 13(4), 220.

Bianchi, R., Schonfeld, I. S., & Laurent, E. (2018). Burnout syndrome and depression. In Y.-K. Kim (Ed.), Understanding Depression (pp. 187–202). Springer Singapore.

Blevins, C. A., Weathers, F. W., & Mason, E. A. (2012). Construct validity of three depersonalization measures in trauma-exposed college students. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 13(5), 539–553.

Çam, Z., & Öğülmüş, S. (2019). Çalışma yaşamindan okula: Okul tükenmişliğine yönelik kuramsal yaklaşimlar. Psikiyatride Guncel Yaklasimlar - Current Approaches in Psychiatry, 11(1), 52–71.

Cordes, C. L., & Dougherty, T. W. (1993). A review and an integration of research on job Burnout. Academy of Management Review, 18(4), 621–656.

Crespi, T. D., Gustafson, A. L., & Borges, S. M. (2006). Group counseling in the schools. Journal of Applied School Psychology, 22(1), 67–85.

El Nokali, N. E., Bachman, H. J., & Votruba-Drzal, E. (2010). Parent involvement and children’s academic and social development in elementary school. Child Development, 81(3), 988–1005.

Fazio-Griffith, L. J., & Ballard, M. B. (2014). Cognitive behavioral play therapy techniques in school-based counseling: assisting students in the development of social skills. American Counseling Association, Knowledge Center, 18, 1–14.

Feeney, B. C., & Collins, N. L. (2015). New look at social support: A theoretical perspective on thriving through relationships. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 19(2), 113–147.

Hurst, B., Wallace, R., & Nixon, S. B. (2013). The impact of social interaction on student learning. Reading Horizon: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts, 52(4), 375–398.

Hussain Ch, A. (2006). Effect of guidance services on study attitudes, study habits and academic achievement of secondary school students. Bulletin of Education & Research, 28(1), 35–45.

Hussein, S. (2018). Work engagement, Burnout and personal accomplishments among social workers: A comparison between those working in children and adults’ services in England. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 45(6), 911–923.

Klimova, B. F. (2015). Games in the teaching of English. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 191, 1157–1160.

Lakhani, P. K., Jain, K., & Chandel, P. K. (2017). School adjustment, motivation and academic achievement among students. International Journal of Research in Social Sciences, 7(10), 333–348.

Maslach, C., Jackson, S. E., & Leiter, M. P. (1996). The Maslach Burnout inventory. In C. P. Zalaquett & R. J. Wood (Eds.), Evaluating Stress: A Book of Resources (pp. 191–217). The Scarecrow Press.

McNiff, J., & Whitehead, J. (2011). All you need to know about action research. Sage Publications.

Pingge, H. D., & Wangid, M. N. (2016). Faktor yang mempengaruhi hasil belajar siswa sekolah dasar di kecamatan Kota Tambolaka. Jurnal JPSD (Jurnal Pendidikan Sekolah Dasar), 2(2), 107–122.

Purwanti, I. Y. (2009). Efektivitas program layanan bimbingan kelompok melalui permainan untuk mengatasi kesulitan belajar siswa sekolah dasar (Studi eksperimen terhadap siswa kelas 4 SDIT Salsabila Purworejo Jawa Tengah dan SDIT Salsabila Klaseman Yogyakarta). Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

Rahmati, Z. (2015). The study of academic Burnout in students with high and low level of self-efficacy. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 171(1996), 49–55.

Riva, M. T., & Haub, A. L. (2004). Group counseling in the schools. In Handbook of Group Counseling and Psychotherapy (pp. 309–321). SAGE Publications, Inc.

Robison, F. F. (2014). It’s a game! Evaluation of a classroom game to enhance learning in an introductory counseling course 1. Innovative Teaching, 3(1), Article 10.

Romlah, F. (2006). Psikologi belajar Pendidikan Agama Islam. In Ponorogo: STAIN Ponorogo. STAIN Ponorogo.

Shechtman, Z. (2014). Group counseling in the schools. Hellenic Journal of Psychology, 11, 169–183.

Stringer, E. T. (2007). Action research (3rd ed.). SAGE Publications.

Tsouloupas, C. N., Carson, R. L., Matthews, R., Grawitch, M. J., & Barber, L. K. (2010). Exploring the association between teachers’ perceived student misbehaviour and emotional exhaustion: the importance of teacher efficacy beliefs and emotion regulation. Educational Psychology, 30(2), 173–189.

Wakil, K., Qaisar, N., & Mohammed, C. (2017). Enriching classrooms with technology. European Journal of Open Education and E-Learning Studies, 2(1), 99–108.

Walburg, V. (2014). Burnout among high school students: A literature review. Children and Youth Services Review, 42(October), 28–33.

Yang, H.-J. (2004). Factors affecting student burnout and academic achievement in multiple enrollment programs in Taiwan’s technical–vocational colleges. International Journal of Educational Development, 24(3), 283–301.

Yang, H., & Chen, J. (2016). Learning perfectionism and learning Burnout in a primary school student sample: A test of a learning-stress mediation model. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(1), 345–353.

Yuen, M. (2008). School counseling: Current international perspectives. Asian Journal of Counselling, 15(2), 103–116.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Prima Edukasia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Prima Edukasia indexed by:

All rights reserved p-ISSN: 2338-4743 |e-ISSN: 2460-9927

Creative Commons LicenseJurnal Prima Edukasia by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
View Prima Edukasia Journal Stats