The micro leadership strategy of the principal to implementing character education in elementary school

Daniel Dike, STKIP Persada Khatulistiwa Sintang, Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia
Lusila Parida, STKIP Persada Khatulistiwa Sintang, Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia


The micro strategy of school principal leadership within the implementation of character education for elementary school degree is very decisive for the successful development and empowerment of character values in the elementary school degree. With reference to the statement, the objective of the present study is to map the description that has been related to the micro strategy management of the school principal within the implementation of the character education for the elementary school degree. Thus, the design that has been adopted is the case study and the data for the case study are gathered from the primary sources, namely school principal, teachers, and students, through interview, observation, and documentation study in relation to the leadership management within the implementation of the character education for the elementary school degree. During the study, after the data had been gathered the data were analysed by using the Miles & Huberman Inductive Analysis. The results of the study show that the micro strategy of the school principal leadership in the Sekolah Dasar Negeri 07 Sintang have been focused on four aspects namely: (1) the reinforcement of literacy as the efforts of brightening the students’ life; (2) the learning intervention as the effort of improving the students’ discerning quality and characters; (3) the program of Ant Operation as the efforts of habitualizing the healthy, clean, and environmental-friendly life pattern; and (4) the extracurricular programs as the efforts of developing the students’ special capacities, talents, and interests. In order that the four aspects are kept assured and improved, the elementary school should deepen and expand the concept and the coverage of the literacy, improve the capacity of leading practice and teaching practice through the blended learning model, and improve the capacity of the school management system through the integrative manner in the quality system and service.


micro strategy; superior character; transformative leadership

Full Text:

Fulltext PDF


Alshamsi, S. M. (2017, December). Macro and micro leadership: The essential leadership role for sustanaibility of an organization. Skyline University College.

Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., Irvine, C. K. S., & Walker, D. (2018). Introduction to research in education. Cengage Learning.

Bamkin, S. (2016). Moral education at Japanese elementary school. Winston Churchill Memorial Trust.

Barrett, G. F., & Riddell, W. C. (2016). Ageing and literacy skills: Evidence from IALS, ALL and PIAAC (Issue 10017). IZA Discussion Paper.

Baxter, P., & Jack, S. (2008). The qualitative report qualitative case study methodology: Study design and implementation for novice researchers. The Qualitative Report, 13(4), 544–559.

Blaine, A. M. (2019). Interaction and presence in the virtual classroom: An analysis of the perceptions of students and teachers in online and blended Advanced Placement courses. Computers & Education, 132, 31–43.

Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (2011). The Sage handbook of qualitative research. SAGE Publications.

Dike, D., & Parida, L. (2016). Persepsi dan konsepsi mutu pendidikan sekolah dasar. Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar Perkhasa, 2(2), 197–211.

Dike, D., & Parida, L. (2019). Hexagonal management kelas dalam pembelajaran di sekolah dasar. Jurnal Akuntabilitas Manajemen Pendidikan, 7(1), 35–49.

Dyson, A., & Millward, A. (2000). Schools and special needs. A Sage Publication Company.

Edarabia. (2019, January). 11 reasons why reading is important for children. Edarabia.Com, 1–3.

Gaskarth, J. (2012). The virtues in international society. European Journal of International Relations, 18(3), 431–453.

Gusarova, A. (2015). “Performance” and “Morality” as main goals of elementary schools in Japan. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 182, 692–694.

Hilliard, A. T. (2015). Global blended learning practices for teaching and learning, leadership, and professional development. Journal of International Education Research (JIER), 11(3), 179–188.

Hudha, M. N., Triwahyuningtyas, D., Rafikayati, A., Fajaruddin, S., Maryani, I., Widiaty, I., Nandiyanto, A. B. D., Hamidah, I., & Permanasari, A. (2019). How is STEM learning for children with special needs in Indonesia? Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1402, 044104.

Kelly, A. (2007). School choice and student well-being. Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Kostelnik, M. J., Gregory, K. M., Soderman, A. K., & Whiren, A. P. (2012). Guiding children’s: Social development and learning (7th ed.). Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Kyosoku, S., & Sei, G. (2009). Moral education at Japan elementary school (pp. 1–11).

Masino, S., & Niño-Zarazúa, M. (2016). What works to improve the quality of student learning in developing countries? International Journal of Educational Development, 48, 53–65.

Masnur, M. (2017). Pengaruh SSP tematik terhadap peningkatkan karakter kejujuran dan disiplin peserta didik kelas I SD. Jurnal Prima Edukasia, 5(1), 79.

Muryaningsih, S., & Mustadi, A. (2015). Pengembangan RPP tematik-integratif untuk meningkatkan karakter kerja keras di kelas 1 SD N 2 Sokaraja Tengah. Jurnal Prima Edukasia, 3(2), 190.

Olive, J. L. (2014). Reflecting on the tensions between emic and etic perspectives in life history research: Lessons learned. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung, 15(2).

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2019). PISA 2018 assessment and analytical framework. OECD.

Ozkan, S., Koseler, R., & Baykal, N. (2009). Evaluating learning management systems. Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, 3(2), 111–130.

Parida, L., Sirhi, S., & Dike, D. (2019a). Pola kepemimpinan kepala sekolah dalam penguatan karakter di sekolah dasar Kota Sintang Kalimantan Barat. Profesi Pendidikan Dasar, 1(2).

Parida, L., Sirhi, S., & Dike, D. (2019b). Habituasi karakter unggul siswa sekolah dasar melalui optimalisasi peran kepemimpinan kepala sekolah di Kabupaten Sintang. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pagelaran Pendidikan Dasar Nasional (PPDN) 2019, 1(1), 199–215.

Qodriyah, S. H., & Wangid, M. N. (2015). Pengembangan SSP tematik integratif untuk membangun karakter kejujuran dan kepedulian siswa SD kelas II. Jurnal Prima Edukasia, 3(2), 177.

Ryan, K., & Bohlin, K. E. (1999). Building characterin schools: Practical ways to bring moral instruction to life. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Schulte, A. K. (2008). Seeking integrity in teacher education: Transforming student teachers, transforming my self. Springer Science & Business Media.

Setyawan, W. W., & Mustadi, A. (2015). Pengembangan SSP tematik-integratif untuk membangun karakter disiplin dan kreatif siswa kelas I SD. Jurnal Prima Edukasia, 3(1), 108–119.

Spillane, J. P., Halverson, R., & Diamond, J. B. (2001). Investigating school leadership practice: A distributed perspective. Educational Researcher, 30(3), 23–28.

Stake, R. E. (2005). Qualitative case studies. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research (pp. 443–466). SAGE Publications.

Tobin, J., Hsueh, Y., & Karasawa, M. (2009). Preschool in three cultures revisited: China, Japan, and the United States. University of Chicago Press.

Yin, R. K. (2009). Case study research: Design and methods (5th ed.). Sage Publications, Inc.

Zbar, V., Marshall, G., & Power, P. (2007). Better schools better teachers better results: A handbook for improved performance management in your school. In Better Schools Better Teachers Better Results: A Handbook for Improved Performance Management in Your School. Acer Press.;dn=755417327497448;res=IELHSS



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Prima Edukasia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Prima Edukasia indexed by:

All rights reserved p-ISSN: 2338-4743 |e-ISSN: 2460-9927

Creative Commons LicenseJurnal Prima Edukasia by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
View Prima Edukasia Journal Stats