Publication Ethics

The publication ethics which all authors need to be aware of:

  1. The manuscript presents complete and original information as well as objective data. 
  2. Quotation source and reference cited in the manuscript must be informed.
  3. The manuscript is written concisely and clearly for efficiency. 
  4. The manuscript is, at the same time, not being sent to and has never been published in another journal.
  5. All persons who have a reasonable claim to authorship must be named in the manuscript as co-authors; the corresponding author must be authorized by all co-authors to act as an agent on their behalf in all matters pertaining to the publication of the manuscript, and the order of names should be agreed by all authors.
  6. Everyone involved in the research (students, supervisors, or colleagues) should be included as co- writers.
  7. A writer who already passed away should be included as a co-author.
  8. Authors must avoid fabrication  (make up the data and results of a study).
  9. Authors must avoid falsification (manipulating research materials, equipment, processes, changing the data or intentionally discarding data or results).
  10. Authors should avoid Plagiarism (taking ideas, processes, results or words without citing the sources).
  11. Authors should avoid Fragmentation (breaking research data into different themes of manuscript so that the discussion cannot become in-depth) 
  12. The manuscript should not use copied materials from another article without permission. 
  13. All materials/quotation earned from previous research, involving similar writers related to previous publications must be cited properly.
  14. For all manuscripts non-discriminatory language is mandatory. Sexist or racist terms must not be used.
  15. When using a word which is or is asserted to be a proprietary term or trademark, authors must use the symbol ® or ™.
  16. Authors may embed equations or image files within their manuscript as long as it is original and easily managed.

The publication ethics which all editors need to be aware of:

  1. An editor at any time evaluates manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.
  2. The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.
  3. Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's own research without the express written consent of the author.
  4. The editorial board of the journal is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers must always drive such decisions. The editors may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editors may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.
  5. The editor must ensure that each manuscript is initially evaluated by the editor for originality. The editor should organize and use peer review fairly and wisely. Editors should explain their peer review processes in the information for authors and also indicate which parts of the journal are peer-reviewed. The editor should use appropriate peer reviewers for papers that are considered for publication by selecting people with sufficient expertise and avoiding those with conflicts of interest.

The publication ethics which all reviewers need to be aware of:

  1. Peer review process assists the editor in making editorial decisions, and through the editorial communications with the author, reviewers may also assist the author in improving the paper.
  2. Any selected referee/reviewer who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself/herself from the review process
  3. Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
  4. Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.
  5. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.
  6. Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.


The Role of REiD Editorial and Reviewer Board Member

Nature of role

This is a voluntary position, and there is no remuneration related to the post.

Purpose of role

The role of REiD Editorial Board is to advise and support the Editor in Chief


We expect that you will:

  • Review papers for the Editor on a regular basis (twice a year).
  • Provide second opinions on papers (e.g. where reviews are incomplete or rejection of a commissioned article has been recommended)
  • Help identify suitable reviewers
  • Possibly oversee the review process for several papers in a particular stream– choosing reviewers and contributing to the final publication decision.

Contributing content

Board members are expected to:

  • Consider the journal for your own educational research & evaluation articles.
  • Contribute: Articles, Editorials, Short pieces, Correspondence etc.
  • Contribute ideas for commissions – making suggestions for both subject matter and potential authors.
  • Help as required in approaching potential contributors.

Acting as an ambassador for the journal

Board members should help promote the journal to authors, readers and subscribers, and should encourage colleagues to submit their best work to us and ensure the journal is well used by local faculty, journal clubs, library etc.

Providing input into strategy

The Board should provide advice on a range of subjects, for example:

  • Feedback on past issues
  • Future direction for the journal
  • Subject-specific expertise (e.g. research progress in your particular community, new areas to look at, important conferences at which the journal should be promoted)
  • Competitor comparisons
  • Ideas and innovations
  • Policy developments.

Administrative aspects of the journals are the responsibility of the Management Office, but Editorial Board members are expected to maintain an awareness of financial implications of editorial decisions.

Specific areas of responsibility

Some Board members may be asked to take responsibility for a specific part or aspect of the journal.

One-off projects

Board members may be asked to participate in specific projects; in the past, for example, these have included redesign planning, reviewing the keywords lists, and so on.


The Editorial Board member will work closely with the Editor of the Journal and Board members with sub-editorial roles. Other contacts may include the Director of Publications and Website, the Head of Publications, and the Staff Editors.

Attending Board meetings

Board meetings are held twice a year. Attendance in person in preferred, but increasingly we are experimenting with telephone and video links. Attendance, either in person or remotely, is expected at a minimum of one meeting annually, although significant contributions in the other areas described above might outweigh this requirement.

Term of office

The term of office will be five years in the first instance, subject to review by the Editor.

Travel and subsistence

All travel and subsistence expenses will be reimbursed in accordance with the Graduate School’s policy.