Development and Validation of a Multimedia Package for Teaching Applied Electrical and Electronic Component of Basic Technology

Mustapha Sumaila Sani, School of Secondary Education (Technical) Federal College of Education (Technical) Bichi, Kano State, Nigeria, Nigeria
Hassan Bello, Faculty of Technology Education Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria, Nigeria
Sunday A Okegbile, School of General Education Federal College of Education (Technical) Bichi, Kano State, Nigeria, Nigeria


This study developed and validated a multimedia package for the teaching of Electrical/Electronic component of Basic Technology at the upper basic education level. It was a developmental research design. The area for this study is Kano state, North-Western Nigeria. The population consists of 291 Basic Technology teachers, out of this, 10 Basic Technology teachers, 5 instructional technologist and 5 computer specialists were purposely selected for the product evaluation based on four instruments. The findings revealed that design procedures were followed in the development of the Electricity/Electronics component of Basic Technology Instructional Package (EECOBTIP); EECOBTIP have adequately covered the curriculum content of the subject matter; EECOBTIP have met required instructional technology standards; and EECOBTIP have met the required technical standards. The study therefore recommends amongst others that Basic Technology teachers should be encouraged to prepare some aspects of their lessons in electronic form; EECOBTIP should be utilized for classroom instruction especially when teaching the Electricity/Electronics component of Basic Technology; and that similar packages should be developed for the other aspects of Basic Technology curriculum.


basic technology, development and validation, electrical/electronic, multimedia package

Full Text:



R. D. Tennyson, “Historical Reflection on Learning Theories and Instructional Design,” Contemp. Educ. Technol., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–16, 2010.

J. Dewey, How we think. Boston: D.C. Heath, 1910.

E. L. Thorndike, The Psychology of Learning: Educational Psychology, 2nd ed. New York: Teachers College Press, 1913.

B. F. Adeoye and O. S. Olabiyi, “Basic Technology Textbooks in Nigerian Secondary Schools: A Quality and Content Analysis, CICE Hiroshima University,” J. Int. Coop. Educ., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 153–168, 2011.

Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC), National Policy on Education. Federal Republic of Nigeria, 2004.

V. O. Uwaifo and I. U. Uwaifo, “Training Technology and Vocational Education Teachers for the New 9-3-4 Education System in Nigeria: Its Problems and Prospects,” Int. NGO J., vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 160–166, 2009.

A. J.Davidson, “Teaching and Learning Baseline Survey Summary Report,” 2013.

A. D.Olaniyan and B. L. Ojo, “Challenges against Implementation of Introductory Technology Curriculum in Nigerian Junior Secondary Schools,” Eur. J. Sci. Res., vol. 24, pp. 112–118, 2008.

R. Koper, “Modeling Units of Study from A Pedagogical Perspective the Pedagogical Meta-Model behind EML,” Heerlen, 2001.

P. Goodyear, “Effective Networked Learning in Higher Education: Notes and Guidelines,” Lancaster, 2001.

A. Earle, “Designing For Pedagogical Flexibility: Experiences From the CANDLE Project,” J. Interact. Media Educ., vol. 2002, no. 1, p. 4, Jul. 2002.

S. Britain and O. Liber, “A Framework for Pedagogical Evaluation of Virtual Learning Environments (Revised),” 2004.

H. Beetham, “Developing Learning Technology Networks through Shared Representations of Practice,” in Proceedings of the 9th International Improving Student Learning Symposium, 2002, pp. 421–434.

S. Shurville and T. Browne, “Introduction: ICT-driven change in higher education: Learning from e-learning,” J. Organ. Transform. Soc. Chang., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 245–250, Jul. 2007.

J. Schreurs and R. Dumbraveanu, “A Shift from Teacher Centered to Learner Centered Approach,” Int. J. Eng. Pedagog., vol. 4, no. 3, p. 36, Jun. 2014.

E. Boyadzhieva, “Learner-centered Teaching and Learner Autonomy,” Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., vol. 232, pp. 35–40, Oct. 2016.

M. Treadwell, The Paradigm Shift. New Zealand: Global, 2013.

P. Budiastuti, M. Khairudin, and M. N. Azman, “E-Instructional Multimedia in Basic Concepts of Electrical and Electronic Lessons,” J. Pendidik. Teknol. dan Kejuru., vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 262–269, Sep. 2018.

S. Packer, P. Elumeze, and M. B. Shitu, “State Education Sector Project: Institutional Assessment Kano State,” 2006.

M. Salihu, “Kano State Revised Education Strategic Plan, 2009-2018,” Kano State, 2008.

J. D. Finn, “Automation and Education: General Aspects,” AV Commun. Rev., vol. 5, pp. 343–360, 1957.

R. Rita C., “Developmental Research: The Definition and Scope,” in The 1994 National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, 1994.

S. McKenney, “Computer-based Support for Science Education Materials Development in Africa: Exploring Potentials,” Universiteit Twente, 2001.

L. F. Johnson, “Elusive Vision:Challenges Impeding the Learning Object Economy,” San Francisco, 2003.

R. S. Smith, “Guidelines for Authors of Learning Objects,” 2004.

A. Crossman, “Understanding Purposive Sampling,” 2019.

Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC), “9 – Year Basic Education Curriculum: Basic Technology for JSS 1 – 3,” Abuja, Nigeria, 2007.

J. Vargo, C. J. Nesbit, J. Belfer, and A. Archambault, “Learning Object Evaluation: Computer mediated Collaboration and Inter-Rater Reliability,” Int. J. Comput. Appl., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 198–205, 2013.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Online (e-ISSN): 2477-2410 || Printed (p-ISSN): 0854-4735

Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi Kejuruan by was distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

Supported by:

Jurnal Ilmiah Magister Managemen

Social Media: