Developing thematic-integrated module based on guided discovery to improve critical thinking and student science attitude

Ningrum Perwitasari, Department of Primary Education, Graduate School of Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Djukri Djukri, Department of Primary Education, Graduate School of Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia


This research aimed (1) to produce thematic-integrated module based on a guided-discovery to improve critical thinking and scientific attitude of grade IV students of SDN Margoyasan, and (2) to know the effectiveness of the developed learning module. The research was Research and development of Borg and Gall model which consisted of ten steps. The data were collected by interview, product evaluation, questionnaires, observation, and examination. The data were analyzed by using paired sample t-test and independent sample t-test with significant level of 0.05. The research result were (1) thematic-integrated module based on a guided-discovery. The product feasibility that was assessed based on material expert, media expert, teacher’s and student’s responses was very feasible. (2) The results of field trial test showed that the developed thematic-integrated module based on a guided-discovery was effective to improve the student’s critical thinking and scientific attitude, and it was based on the operational field trial test which obtained p<0.05, means that there are significant differences on students who were taught by using the developed learning module compare to student who were not taught by using the developed learning module.


thematic-integrated module based on a guided-discovery; critical thinking; scientific attitude

Full Text:



Amri, S. (2013). Pengembangan dan model pembelajaran dalam kurikulum 2013. Jakarta: Prestasi Pustaka.

Bailin, S. (2002). Critical Thinking and Science Education. Science and Education, 11(4), 361–375.

Bailin, S., Case, R., Coombs, J. R., & Daniels, L. B. (1999). Conceptualizing critical thinking. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 31(3), 285–302.

Barba, R. H. (1998). Science in the multicultural classroom: A guide to teaching and learning. Allyn and Bacon.

Borg, W. R., & Gall, M. D. (1983). Educational research: An introduction. New York: Longman.

Carin, A. A., & Sund, R. B. (1989). Teaching science through discovery. London: Merrill.

Cohen, M. T. (2008). The effect of direct instruction versus discovery learning on the understanding of science lessons by second grade students. In NERA Conference Proceedings 2008. Retrieved from

Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. (2008). Panduan pengembangan bahan ajar. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Dimopoulos, D. I., Paraskevopoulos, S., & Pantis, J. D. (2009). Planning educational activities and teaching strategies on constructing a conservation educational modul. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 4(4), 351–364. Retrieved from

Howe, A. C., & Jones, L. (1998). Engaging children in science. New York, N.Y.: Merrill.

Jacobsen, D. A., Eggen, P. D., & Kauchak, D. P. (1993). Methods for teaching: A skills approach. Ohio: Merrill.

Juano, A., & Pardjono, P. (2016). Pengaruh pembelajaran problem posing terhadap kemampuan berpikir kritis dan komunikasi matematis siswa kelas V SD. Jurnal Prima Edukasia, 4(1), 46.

Krathwohl, D. R. (2002). A revision of Bloom’s taxonomy: An overview. Theory Into Practice, 41(4), 212–218.

Kristiani, N., & Prasetyo, Z. K. (2016). Keefektifan pembelajaran metematika melalui penggunaan media benda konkret pada kelas V SD Timuran. Jurnal Prima Edukasia, 4(2), 163.

Moore, R. W., & Sutman, F. X. (1970). The development, field test and validation of an inventory of scientific attitudes. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 7(2), 85–94.

Purnomo, H., & Wilujeng, I. (2016). Pengembangan bahan ajar dan instrumen penilaian IPA tema indahnya negeriku penyempurnaan buku guru dan siswa kurikulum 2013. Jurnal Prima Edukasia, 4(1).

Rao, D. B. (2004). Scientific attitude, scientific aptitude and achievement. New Delhi: Discovery Pub. House.

Samatowa, U. (2010). Pembelajaran IPA SD. Jakarta: PT. Indeks Permata Puri Media.

Santrock, J. W. (2008). Psikologi pendidikan (Tri Wibowo). Jakarta: Kencana.

Thompson, C. (2011). Critical thinking across the curriculum: Process over output. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 1(9). Retrieved from



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Prima Edukasia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Prima Edukasia indexed by:

All rights reserved p-ISSN: 2338-4743 |e-ISSN: 2460-9927

Creative Commons LicenseJurnal Prima Edukasia by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
View Prima Edukasia Journal Stats