Analysis of body type, dietary intake, and cardiorespiratory function in college soccer players

Desty Ervira Puspaningtyas, Nutrition Science Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Respati Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Yuni Afriani, Nutrition Science Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Respati Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Silvi Lailatul Mahfida, Nutrition Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas ‘Aisyiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Arta Farmawati, Departments of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Gadjah Mada Universitya, Indonesia
Wara Kushartanti, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia


This study aims to analyze body type, dietary intake, and cardiorespiratory function of college soccer players. A total of 32 players (20 players from Yogyakarta State University and 12 players from Gadjah Mada University) were involved in this study. The study was carried out in April - June 2014. Body type, or somatotype, was calculated based on anthropometric measurements (weight, height, epicondylar humerus and epicondylar femur width, arm and calf circumference, and subcutaneous fat thickness). 24-hour food recall was used to measure the athlete's dietary intake. VO2max was used to describe the athlete's cardiorespiratory function, and it was measured by yo-yo intermittent recovery test level 2. The data were analyzed descriptively using statistical software. More than three-quarter of the players had normal nutritional status with body mass index=21.54±1.84. The majority player's body type was balanced mesomorph (2.6-4.4-2.7). Balanced mesomorph players and ectomorphic mesomorph players had adequate energy and protein intake (2,623.83 kcal energy and 75.82 g protein for balanced mesomorph players; 2.724.68 kcal energy and 84.83 g protein for ectomorphic mesomorph players). Ectomorphic mesomorph players had the highest VO2max level (52.37±2.61 ml/kg/min). Soccer players with a mesomorph component supported by good energy and protein intake have the most optimal VO2max level.


body type; cardiorespiratory function; dietary intake; soccer; VO2max

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