Energy balance analysis on Rimbo Dua palm oil

Arif Hidayat, Politeknik LPP, Indonesia
Ari Wibowo, Politeknik LPP, Indonesia
Saptyaji Harnowo, Politeknik LPP, Indonesia


Palm Oil Mill is an industry that uses biomass as an energy generator to run the process. The biomass used is fiber, shells, and empty fruit bunches. Energy efficiency is needed in the process; therefore, it requires energy balance in the power generation system, distribution, and use of energy produced by biomass. PKS Rimbo Duo has a processing capacity of 30 tonnes/hour. Broadly speaking, the energy system at PKS Rimbo Dua includes steam energy production equipment such as boilers and steam and electricity energy conversion equipment in the form of steam turbines and generators (alternators) as well as storage equipment for the expansion of steam energy in the form of opposing pressure storage vessels (BPV). Energy balance analysis is carried out by analyzing data methods obtained from the performance of operating equipment and conducting field surveys and measurements of predetermined parameters, especially in boilers, water treatment, and turbines. Analysis of fuel use is also carried out to determine the quality of the fuel and the potential for steam produced. The result of this research is that the average efficiency of the boiler is 63.23%, which is still below the 73% boiler design. One of the reasons is that the flue gas temperature reaches 260 oC. The steam turbine has an efficiency of 44% isentropically with SSC = 31.9 kg / kWh when compared to the standard norm, the SSC value is still too high. The results of the water analysis also found the P and M alkalinity values, and the water pH was still 9.8. The results of the analysis of these data can be used as a reference for actions whether it is a repair of equipment, replacement of equipment, and improvement of operational parameters.

Full Text:



A. Abdulrazik, M. Elsholkami, A. Elkamel, and L. Simon, “Multi-products productions from Malaysian oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB): Analyzing economic potentials from the optimal biomass supply chain,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 168, pp. 131–148, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.08.088.

N. Aghamohammadi, S. S. Reginald, A. Shamiri, A. A. Zinatizadeh, L. P. Wong, and N. M. B. N. Sulaiman, “An investigation of sustainable power generation from oil palm biomass: A case study in Sarawak,” Sustainability (Switzerland), vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 1–19, 2016, doi: 10.3390/su8050416.

F. R. P. Arrieta, F. N. Teixeira, E. Yáñez, E. Lora, and E. Castillo, “Cogeneration potential in the Columbian palm oil industry: Three case studies,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 503–511, 2007, doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2007.01.016.

M. Aziz, T. ODA, and T. KASHIWAGI, “Design and Analysis of Energy-Efficient Integrated Crude Palm Oil and Palm Kernel Oil Processes,” Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 143–150, 2015, doi: 10.3775/jie.94.143.

P. Booneimsri, K. Kubaha, and C. Chullabodhi, “Increasing power generation with enhanced cogeneration using waste energy in palm oil mills,” Energy Science and Engineering, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 154–173, 2018, doi: 10.1002/ese3.196.

Hariyanto, E. R. Purba, P., and B. Prasetyo, "Energy Saving through Implementation and Optimization of Small and Medium Scale Cogeneration Technology,” KnE Energy, vol. 2, no. 2, p. 94, 2015, doi: 10.18502/ken.v2i2.362.

S. Harnowo, “Analisis Kinerja Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Biomasa Sawit (PLTBS) Pabatu PT Perkebunan Nusantara IV,” Jurnal Mekanika dan Sistem Termal, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 14–20, 2016.

S. K. Loh, “The potential of the Malaysian oil palm biomass as a renewable energy source,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 141, pp. 285–298, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.enconman.2016.08.081.

Mahidin et al., “Analysis of power from palm oil solid waste for biomass power plants: A case study in Aceh Province,” Chemosphere, vol. 253, p. 126714, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.126714.

N. Nasrin, A.B, Ravi, “of the Performance and Potential Export Renewable Energy (RE) From Typical Cogeneration Plant Used in Palm Oil Mills,” Journal Of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 6, pp. 433–439, 2011.

M. A. Nasution, T. Herawan, and M. Rivani, “Analysis of palm biomass as electricity from palm oil mills in north Sumatera," Energy Procedia, vol. 47, pp. 166–172, 2014, doi: 10.1016/j.egypro.2014.01.210.

R. C. de Oliveira, R. D. de S. e Silva, and M. E. D. L. Tostes, “A methodology for analysis of cogeneration projects using oil palm biomass wastes as an energy source in the Amazon,” Dyna, vol. 82, no. 190, pp. 105–112, 2015, doi: 10.15446/dyna.v82n190.43298.

E. J. Ordoñez-Frías, J. A. Azamar-Barrios, E. Mata-Zayas, O. Silván-Hernández, and L. Pampillón-González, “Bioenergy potential and technical feasibility assessment of residues from oil palm processing: A case study of Jalapa, Tabasco, Mexico,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 142, no. October 2019, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2020.105668.

S. D. Panjaitan, “A Study on the Potential of Electrical Energy based on Gasification Technology from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch in Landak West Kalimantan,” The International Journal Of Engineering and Science, pp. 43–50, 2019, doi: 10.9790/1813-0803024350.

A. D. Santoso, “Evaluasi Kinerja Pabrik Kelapa Sawit Dalam Produksi Energi Terbaharukan,” Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan, vol. 19, no. 2, p. 213, 2018, doi: 10.29122/jtl.v19i2.2838.

K. Suzuki, N. Tsuji, Y. Shirai, M. A. Hassan, and M. Osaki, “Evaluation of biomass energy potential towards achieving sustainability in biomass energy utilization in Sabah, Malaysia,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 97, pp. 149–154, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2016.12.023.

A. Wibowo, “Perancangan Sistem Pembangkit Listrik Biomassa Sawit ( PLTBS ) Kapasitas 5 MW,” Mekanika dan Sistem termal (JMST), vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 53–60, 2016.

Q. Wu, T. C. Qiang, G. Zeng, H. Zhang, Y. Huang, and Y. Wang, "Sustainable and renewable energy from biomass wastes in the palm oil industry: A case study in Malaysia," International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 42, no. 37, pp. 23871–23877, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.03.147.

Yusniati, L. Parinduri, and O. K. Sulaiman, “Biomass analysis at palm oil factory as an electric power plant,” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 1007, no. 1, 2018, doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1007/1/012053.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Engineering and Applied Technology

Our journal has been indexed by:


Our journal is supported by:

Jurnal Ilmiah Magister Managemen

Creative Commons License

Journal of Engineering and Applied Technology (JEATech) by Faculty of Engineering UNY is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.