Mapping cohesive device usage to analyse non-native writers’ needs in academic English

Ashadi Ashadi, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Margana Margana, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Siti Mukminatun, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia


Native or non-native English-speaking academics are compelled to write scientific articles in internationally reputable indexed journals today. With high demand of academic English, more and more articles are rejected by the editorial board for various reasons, mainly in the cohesion and coherence of their writing. This research seeks to map the types and patterns of cohesive device used to support the coherence of scientific articles. Employing a descriptive qualitative approach, this study compared the use of cohesion devices (CD) by both groups’ writing (native & non-native) to further bridge the difficulties faced by non-native writers in shaping their academic writing cohesively and coherently. This study may also serve as a needs analysis that allows for the creation of models, materials, and teaching approaches to scientific article writing for learners of English as a foreign language.



Academic writing; cohesion; coherence,

Full Text:

Fulltext PDF


Ahmed, A. H. (2010). Students’ problems with cohesion and coherence in EFL essay writing in Egypt: Different perspectives. Literacy Information and Computer Education Journal (LICEJ), 1(4), 211–221.

Andayani, P. O., Seken, I. K., & Marjohan, A. (2014). An analysis of the cohesion and coherence of the students’ narrative writings in SMP Negeri 2 Banjar. Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris Indonesia, 2(1).

Bachman, L. F. (1990). Fundamental considerations in language testing. Oxford University Press.

Bahaziq, A. (2016). Cohesive devices in written discourse: A discourse analysis of a student’s essay writing. English Language Teaching, 9(7), 112–119.

Baker, C. (1992). Attitudes and language (Vol. 83). Multilingual Matters.

Brinker, K. (2005). Linguistische textanalyse: eine Einführung in Grundbegriffe und Methoden. E. Schmidt.

Broardman, C. A., & Frydenberg, J. (2008). Writing to communicate: Paragraph and essays. Pearson Education.

Brown, H. D. (2007). Principles of language learning and teaching (5th Editio). Pearson Education, Inc.

Canale, M., & Swain, M. (1981). A theoretical framework for communicative competence. ERIC.

Castro, C. D. (2004). Cohesion and the social construction of meaning in the essays of Filipino college students writing in l2 English. Asia Pacific Education Review, 5(2), 215–225.

Cheng, X., & Steffensen, M. S. (1996). Metadiscourse: A technique for improving student writing. Research in the Teaching of English, 30(2), 149–181.

Crewe, W. J. (1990). The illogic of logical connectives. Oxford University Press.

Dueraman, B. (2006). Cohesion and coherence in English essays written by Malaysian and Thai medical students. Prince of Songkla University.

Eggins, S., & Martin, J. R. (1997). Genres and registers of discourse. Sage Publications, Inc.

Ferris, D. R. (1994). Lexical and syntactic features of ESL writing by students at different levels of L2 proficiency. Tesol Quarterly, 28(2), 414–420.

Field, Y., & Oi, Y. L. M. (1992). A comparison of internal conjunctive cohesion in the English essay writing of cantonese speakers and native speakers of English. RELC Journal, 23(1), 15–28.

Fraser, B. (1999). What are discourse markers? Journal of Pragmatics, 31(7), 931–952.

Halliday, M. A. K., & Hasan, R. (2014). Cohesion in english (Issue 9). Routledge.

Harmer, J. (2007). How to teach English (second edition). ELT Journal, 62(3), 313–316.

Hyland, K. (2019). Second language writing. Cambridge university press.

Intaraprawat, P., & Steffensen, M. S. (1995). The use of metadiscourse in good and poor ESL essays. Journal of Second Language Writing, 4(3), 253–272.

Jafarpur, A. (1991a). Can naive EFL learners estimate their own proficiency? Evaluation & Research in Education, 5(3), 145–157.

Jafarpur, A. (1991b). Cohesiveness as a basis for evaluating compositions. System, 19(4), 459–465.

Jalilifar, A. (2008). Discourse markers in composition writings: The case of Iranian learners of English as a foreign language. English Language Teaching, 1(2), 114–122.

Johnson, P. (1992). Cohesion and coherence in compositions in Malay and English. RELC Journal, 23(2), 1–17.

Karasi, M. (1994). Cohesive features in the expository essays of secondary four (Express) and secondary five (Normal) students in Singapore. National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University.

Khalil, A. (1989). A study of cohesion and coherence in Arab EFL college students’ writing. System, 17(3), 359–371.

Knapp, P., & Watkins, M. (2005). Genre, text, grammar: Technologies for teaching and assessing writing. UNSW Press.

Lee, J. S. K. (1992). Quantitative versus qualitative research methods — Two approaches to organisation studies. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 9(1), 87–94.

Liu, M., & Braine, G. (2005). Cohesive features in argumentative writing produced by Chinese undergraduates. System, 33(4), 623–636.

Meisuo, Z. (2000). Cohesive features in the expository writing of undergraduates in two Chinese Universities. RELC Journal, 31(1), 61–95.

Neuner, J. L. (1987). Cohesive ties and chains in good and poor freshman essays. Research in the Teaching of English, 21(1), 92–105.

Olateju, M. A. (2006). Cohesion in ESL classroom written texts. Nordic Journal of African Studies, 15(3), 314–331.

Oshima, A., & Hogue, A. (2007). Introduction to academic writing (3rd ed.). Pearson Education.

Palmer, J. C. (1999). Coherence and cohesion in the English language classroom: the use of lexical reiteration and pronominalisation. RELC Journal, 30(2), 61–85.

Pickering, W. N. (1980). A framework for discourse analysis. Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Purwanto, P. (2019). Improving writing recount texts through semantic mapping. Teacher in Educational Research, 1(2), 76–90.

Renkema, J. (2004). Introduction to discourse studies. John Benjamins Publishing.

Septiawan, F. (2020). An analysis of writing difficulties. Journal of Applied Linguistics, Translation, and Literature, 1(2), 68–79.

Sudaryanto, S. (2015). Metode dan aneka teknik analisis bahasa: Pengantar penelitian wahana kebudayaan secara linguistis. Duta Wacana University Press.

Taylor, S. J., Bogdan, R., & DeVault, M. (2015). Introduction to qualitative research methods: A guidebook and resource. John Wiley & Sons.

Wikborg, T. (1990). Gustav Vigeland: his art and sculpture park. Aschehoug.

Wu, S. R. (2006). Connectives and topic-fronting devices in academic writing: Taiwanese EFL student writers vs. international writers. 2006 International Conference and Workshop on TEFL and Applied Linguistics, 417–425.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Ashadi Ashadi, Margana Margana, Siti Mukminatun

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Our Journal indexed by:


 Creative Commons License
LingTera is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at

View My Stats