Interlanguage performed by students of English literature study program

Ayudya Whardani, Margana Margana


The present study attempts to present the evidence of how learners of English as Second Language perform the target language by involving 20 participants from one of state universities in Yogyakarta. The participants are sitting in the first semester majoring English Literature. In investigating the target language performance this study used a writing assignment namely recount text in order to identify language development in relation to grammar acquisition comitted by the learners. Errors made by the learners tend to show interlanguage that the learners performance gains immediate status between native language and target language. The study found that the leaners explored 15 grammar aspects including past tense, modality, to + infinitive , gerund, make, passive voice ,sentence elements, prepositions, articles, collocations, singular and plural nouns, pronouns, relative pronouns, question word order and native language transfer.  The approximate cause of the errors are overgeneralization , learning strategy and native transfer. Moreover, overgeneralization becomes the most frequent in making errors that is by consistently using past tense in dealing with verbs. Thus, it is suggested that the teacher is necessary to sharpen the material spesifically based on actual evidence of learners’ performance in order to accomodate what the learners need.


interlanguage; grammar acquisition; writing assignment

Full Text:



Al-Khresheh, M. H. (2015). A review study of interlanguage theory. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 4(3), 123–131.

Bailey, N., Madden, C., & Krashen, S. D. (1974). Is there a “natural sequence” in adult second language learning? Language Learning, 24(2), 235–243.

Brown, H. D., & Lee, H. (1994). Teaching by principles: An interactive approach to language pedagogy. Prentice Hall Regents Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Corder, S. P. (1982). Error analysis and interlanguage. Oxford University Press.

Ellis, R. (2008). Understanding second language acquisition. Oxford university press.

Gass, S. M., & Selinker, L. (2013). Second language acquisition: An introductory course. Routledge.

Hulin, R. (2013). Social perspective on fossilization of interlanguage. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 3(4), 878–881. Retrieved from

Johnson, J. S., & Newport, E. L. (1989). Critical period effects in second language learning: The influence of maturational state on the acquisition of English as a second language. Cognitive Psychology, 21(1), 60–99.

Krashen, S. (1989). We acquire vocabulary and spelling by reading: Additional evidence for the input hypothesis. The Modern Language Journal, 73(4), 440–464.

Krashen, S. D. (1982). Principles and practice in second language acquisition. Pergamon.

Larsen-Freeman, D., & Long, M. H. (2014). An introduction to second language acquisition research. Routledge.

McCarthy, M., & Carter, R. (2014). Language as discourse: Perspectives for language teaching. Routledge.

Nemser, W. (1971). Approximative systems of foreign language learners. IRAL - International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 9(2), 115–124.

Pan, Y. (2013). Applying second language acquisition research to English language teaching in Taiwan. International Journal on Studies in English Language and Literature, 1(2), 1–12. Retrieved from

Richards, J. C. (2015). Error analysis: Perspectives on second language acquisition. Routledge.

Rustipa, K. (2011). Contrastive analysis, error analysis, interlanguage and the implication to language teaching. Ragam Jurnal Pengembangan Humaniora, 11(1), 16–22.

Selinker, L. (1972). Interlanguage. IRAL - International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 10(1-4), 209–232.

Slabakova, R. (2016). Second language acquisition. Oxford University Press.

Song, L. (2012). On the variability of interlanguage. Theory & Practice in Language Studies, 2(4), 778–783.

Tarone, E. (2012). Interlanguage. In The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.



Copyright (c) 2019 LingTera

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Our Journal indexed by:

All rights reserved p-ISSN: 2406-9213 | e-ISSN: 2477-1961

View My Stats