ACTUALISATION OF WOMEN’S ROLE IN BERTOLT BRECHT’S AND NANO RIANTIARNO’S PLAYS

 Isti Haryati

Abstract


A literary work is not an object that stands by itself and offers the same view to each reader in each period, therefore literary works are always actualized and finally achieve a new existence. This study aims to describe (1) the actualisation of women’s role in the Bertolt Brecht’s and the Nano Riantiarno’s plays and (2 Nano Riantiarno's horizon of expectation. The data sources for this study are Brecht’s play Die Dreigroschenoper and Riantiarno’s play Opera Ikan Asin. The research approach is a reception approach. Data analysis was performed by conducting a comparative analysis of the actualization of the women’s role in two dramas and historical analysis to find Riantiarno’s horizon of expectation. The results showed that the actualization of women’s role appeared in activeness and independence at work, as well as firmness, and calm in dealing with problems. Riantiarno's horizon of expectation appears in his pre-experience about the women’s role, the implicit relationship with previous literary works that discusses the women’s role, and the opposition between fiction and reality, poetic and practical language in two plays. Riantiarno’s actualization of the women’s role in Opera Ikan Asin is influenced by the horizon of expectation and Zeitgeist (the soul of a different era). 

Keywords: women’s role, play, feminism, horizon of expectation, Zeitgeist

Keywords


woman, play, feminism, horizon of expectation, Zeitgeist

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/ltr.v18i3.27770

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