Efektivitas manajemen praktik kerja industri di Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan Kota Yogyakarta

 Putut Said Permana, Sukoco Sukoco

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan: (1) mengevaluasi keefektifan manajemen praktik kerja industri di SMK, (2) menganalisis kendala yang ada pada manajemen praktik kerja industri di SMK. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian evaluasi dengan pendekatan kuantitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan angket. Analisis data menggunakan teknik persentase. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa aspek perencanaan pada manajemen praktik kerja industri (prakerin) memiliki kriteria sangat efektif. Aspek pelaksanaan pada manajemen prakerin memiliki kriteria sangat efektif. Aspek evaluasi pada manajemen prakerin memiliki kriteria sangat efektif. Secara keseluruhan efektivitas manajemen prakerin di SMK Kota Yogyakarta memiliki kriteria sangat efektif. Analisis kendala pada penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pada aspek perencanaan dan pelaksanaan terdapat poin yang memiliki kesenjangan tinggi, yaitu: (1) pengurus pokja prakerin di sekolah berjumlah kurang dari empat orang, (2) dunia usaha dan dunia industry (DU/DI) yang berada di sekitar sekolah tidak selalu relevan dengan program keahlian di sekolah, (3) masih ada siswa yang mencari tempat prakerin sendiri, (4) relevansi program keahlian guru pembimbing dengan siswa yang dibimbing kurang diperhatikan, (5) pelaksanaan pembekalaan masih sering terkendala kedisiplinan siswa, (6) kelompok kerja (pokja) masih menemukan peserta prakerin yang menyelesaikan kegiatan prakerinnya tidak sesuai alokasi waktu.

Kata kunci: efektivitas, manajemen, praktik kerja industri

 

EFFECTIVENESS OF THE WORK-BASED LEARNING MANAGEMENT IN VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOLS IN YOGYAKARTA MUNICIPALITY

Abstract

This research aims to: (1) evaluate the effectiveness of the work-based learning (WBL) management in vocational high schools, and (2) analyze the existing constraints on the work-based learning (WBL) management in vocational high school. This study is an evaluation using a quantitative approach. The technique of collecting data using questionnaires. Data analysis using percentage technique. The results show that the aspects of the planning on the WBL management has a very effective criteria. On the implementation aspects, WBL management has very effective criteria. On the evaluation aspecs, WBL management has a very effective criteria. Overall, the effectiveness of WBL management in vocational high school in Yogyakarta Municipality has a very effective criteria. The constraints analysis in this study indicates that the aspects of the planning and implementation have points that have high discrepancy. Those points are: (1) member of the working group at the school less than four people, (2) industries/companies around the school is not always relevant with skills program at school, (3) there are students who are still looking for WBL place on their own, (4) relevance of teachers and students skills program did not affect the selection of WBL tutor, (5) preparatory program implementation is still often constrained with students discipline, and (6) working group still finds WBL participants who completed their activities not in accordance with the allocation of time.

Keywoords: constraints analysis, management, work-based learning

Keywords


evaluasi; efektivitas; work-based learning management;

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/amp.v5i2.7480

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