Development E-Worksheet Based On Problem Based Learning To Improve Student's Metacognitive Ability

R. A. Mitasari, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia
R. Hidayah, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia


The study aimed to determine the validity, practicality, and effectiveness of electronic student worksheets (e-worksheets) based on problem based learning (PBL) to improve students' metacognitive abilities on stoichiometric material. The research was used a research and development (R and D). The sample of the study was 30 students from SMAN 19 Surabaya. The instruments were validation sheets, student observation sheets, cognitive test sheets, and MAI questionnaires. The metacognition ability was tested using MAI questionnaire on the aspects of planning, monitoring, and evaluating. Then, it was strengthened again with a cognitive test consisting of 6 cognitive questions. The results showed that the developed e-worksheet has 89.76%; 86.67%; 83.33%; and 86.67% of content; graphics; presentation; and language validities, respectively. All components were in the very high category. The results of the practicality of the e-worksheet were 94.64%; 99.29%; 95.24%; 97.62%; and 94.05% for the PBL strategy; metacognitive; graphics; presentation; and language components, respectively. All components were in the very practical category. Based on the t-test, the sig.2-tailed of the planning, monitoring, and evaluating aspects were less than 0.05 so Ha is accepted, which means that the e-worksheet can improve students' metacognitive abilities in those aspects. This is supported by the t-test of students' cognitive abilities where the sig.2-tailed is 0.000 so Ha is accepted, which means that the developed e-worksheet can improve students' cognitive abilities

Full Text:



Agustin, A., Retnowati, E., & Ng, K. T. (2022). The Transferability Level of Junior High School Students in Solving Geometry Problems. Journal of innovation in Education and cultural research, 3 (1), 59–69.

Aisyah, S. (2015). Pengaruh Strategi Pembelajaran Jigsaw Dan Problem Based Learning. Journal of Biology Education, 4(1), 22–28.

Alismail, H. A., & McGuire, P. (2015). 21st century standards and curriculum: Current research and practice. Journal of Education and Practice, 6 (6), 150–154.

Alrahlah, A. (2016). How effective the problem-based learning (PBL) in dental education. A critical review. The Saudi Dental Journal, 28 (4), 155–161. 10.1016/j.sdentj.2016.08.003

Astuti, S., Danial, M., & Anwar, M. (2018). Pengembangan LKPD Berbasis PBL (Problem Based Learning) Untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Peserta Didik Pada Materi Kesetimbangan Kimia. Jurnal Pendidikan Kimia, 15 (2), 3–11.

Dasna, Wayan, I., & Sutrisno. (2007). Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah. Accessed on %0A09/19/pembelajaranberbasismasalah/.

Feby Octafianellis, D., Sudarmin, S., Wijayanti, N., & Pancawardhani, H. (2021). Analysis of student’s critical thinking skills and creativity after problem-based learning with STEM integration. Journal of Science Education Research Journal, 5 (1), 31–37.

Greenstein, L.. (2012) Assesing 21 st Century Skill: A Guide To Evaluating Mastery and Authentic Learning. California: Corwin A Sage Company.

Hestiana, H., & Rosana, D. (2020). The Effect of Problem Based Learning Based Sosio-Scientific Issues on Scientific Literacy and Problem-Solving Skills of Junior High School Students. Journal of Science Education Research, 4 (1), 15–21.

Huber, M. T., & Hutchings, P. (2008). Integrative learning: Mapping the terrain. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and Association of American Colleges and Universities (AAC&U).

Jonassen, D. (2011). Learning to Solve Problem A Handbook for Designing Problem-Solving Learning Environment.

Komarudin, K., Suherman, S., & Anggraini, A. (2021). Analysis of Mathematical Concept Understanding Capabilities: The Impact of Makerspae STEM Learning Approach Models and Student Learning Activities. Journal of Innovation in Educational and Cultural Research, 2 (1), 35–43.

Lestari, F. D., & Hidayah, R. (2014). Students, Development Of Students Worksheet Based On Metacognitive Strategy On Stoichiometry Matter For X Grade Senior High School. Unesa Journal of Chemistry Education, 3(1), 144–118.

Livingston, J. A. (1997). Metacogniton : An Overview. Retrieved from

Maryanto, A., Rosana, D., & Setyawarno, D. (2020). Increasing Teacher Professional Competence in Developing Procedural Abilities Using the Application of Assessment of Integrated Science Using Mobile Learning on Android Platform Gadgets. Journal of Science Education Research, 4(2), 60–69.

Mustofa, R. F., & Hidayah, Y. (2020). The effect of problem-based learning on lateral thinking skills. International Journal of Instruction, 13(1), 463–474.


i’mah, M., Aprianto, Hidayati, N., & Hidayah, R. (2017). Kepraktisan dan keefektifan LKPD berbasis problem based learning untuk melatihkan kemampuan literasi sains pada materi asam basa. Jurnal Pendidikan Kimia, 9(3), 352–355.

Sartika, E. (2010). Pengolahan Data Berskala Ordinal. Sigma-Mu, 2(1), 60–69.

Schraw, G., & Dennison, R. S. (1994). Assessing metacognitive awareness. In Contemporary Educational Psychology, 19 (4), 460–475.

Siska, F., & Joko S. W. S. (2017). Development of student worksheet based on problem based learning approach to increase 7. Journal of Science Education Research, 1 (April), 4–7.

Sugiyono. (2016). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: PT. Alfabeta.

Suliyanto. (2011). Perbedaan Pandangan Skala Likert Sebagai Skala Ordinal atau Skala Interval. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Statistika Universitas Diponegoro, 51-60.

Teal. (2010). Metacognitive processes. New York: The Teacher Excellence in Adult Literacy (TEAL) Center was Developed by the American Institutes for Research.

Trianto. (2010). Mendesain Model Pembelajaran Inovatif Progesif. Jakarta: Kencana.

Ubaidillah, M., & Wilujeng, I. (2019). Developing Physics SSP Based on the Problem Solving to Improve the Process Skills and Problem-Solving Ability. Journal of

Science Education Research, 3(1), 30–42.

Widodo. (2016). Language Policy in Practice : Reframing the English Language Curriculum. English Language Education Policy in Asia, 1(11), 127–151.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Based on a work at

Accepted and published papers will be freely accessed in this website and the following abstracting & indexing databases:




This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.