Implementation of Home-based Experiment on Photosynthesis Material to Improve Students’ Science Process Skill

D. Desmiawati, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Indonesia
I. Kaniawati, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Indonesia
S. Anggraeni, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Indonesia
N. S. Putra, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Indonesia


This study aimed to describe the improvement of students' science process skills (SPS) after the implementation of home-based experiment activities on photosynthesis material. This research was carried out at one of the State Junior High Schools in Garut. The sample was 26 students for the experimental classes and 25 students for the control class. The research design was Pre-Posttest Control Group Design. The sample selection technique used the convenience sampling technique. The success of the learning method/model implemented was assessed through value analysis before (pretest) and after (posttest) given treatment in the experimental and control groups. The N-Gain value of the experimental group was 0.678, while the N-Gain value of the control group was 0.52. This indicated that the N-gain value of the experimental group was higher than the control group. But, the statistical analysis using post-test scores showed that there was no significant difference between the experimental group and the control group in the students’ SPS. So, the implementation of home-based experiments and ordinary practicum in the learning process has the same effect on students’ SPS results. Therefore, home-based experiments should be an option for teachers in science learning because, even though the learning process is online, the practicum is the identity, and support of science learning should not be eliminated.


Home-Based Experiment, Science Process Skills, Photosynthesis Material

Full Text:



Azizan, S. N. C., & Nasri, N. M. (2020). Pandangan guru terhadap pembelajaran dalam talian melalui pendekatan home based learning (HBL) semasa tempoh pandemik covid-19. PENDETA: Journal of Malay Language, Education and Literature, 11, 46-57. Retrieved from

Bai, H. M., Zaid, A., Catrin, S., Ahmed, K., & Ahmed, A. (2020). The socio-economic implications of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19): A review. Int. J. Surg, 8(4), 8-17. Retrieved from

Bartkowiak, G., Krugiełka, A., Dama, S., Kostrzewa-Demczuk, P., & Gaweł-Luty, E. (2022). Academic teachers about their productivity and a sense of well-being in the current covid-19 epidemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(9), 1-18. Retrieved from

Bell, S. (2010). Project-based learning for the 21st century: Skills for the future. The Clearing House, 83(2), 39-43. Retrieved from

Cahyono, A. S. (2020). Implementasi model collaborative governance dalam penyelesaian pandemi COVID-19. Jurnal Publiciana, 13(1), 83-88. Retrieved from

Chebii, R., Wachanga, S., & Kiboss, J. (2012). Effects of science process skills mastery learning approach on students’ acquisition of selected chemistry practical skills in school. Creative Education, 3(8), 1291-1296. Retrieved from

Hodges, C. B., Moore, S., Lockee, B. B., Trust, T., & Bond, M. A. (2020). The difference between emergency remote teaching and online learning. Virginia Tech. Accessed from

Khusnah, L. (2020). Persepsi guru IPA SMP/MTS terhadap praktikum IPA selama pandemi COVID-19. Science Education and Application Journal, 2(2), 112-118. Retrieved from

Malik, A., Handayani, W., & Nuraini, R. (2015). Model praktikum problem solving laboratory untuk meningkatkan keterampilan proses sains mahasiswa. In: Simposium Nasional Inovasi dan Pembelajaran Sains 2015. Retrieved from

Mansor, A. N., Zabarani, N. H., Jamaludin, K. A., Mohd Nor, M. Y., Alias, B. S., & Mansor, A. Z. (2021). Home-based learning (HBL) teacher readiness scale: Instrument development and demographic analysis. Sustainability, 13(4), 1-15. Retrieved from

Nafiqoh, H., & Wulansuci, G. (2021). Mengembangkan sikap sains anak usia dini melalui metode pembelajaran eksperimen berbasis belajar di rumah (BDR). Tunas Siliwangi: Jurnal Program Studi Pendidikan Guru PAUD STKIP Siliwangi Bandung, 6(2), 98-104. Retrieved from

Nicola, M., Alsafi, Z., Sohrabi, C., Kerwan, A., Al-Jabir, A., Iosifidis, C., ... & Agha, R. (2020). The socio-economic implications of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19): A review. International Journal of Surgery, 78, 185-193. Retrieved from

Nugraha, A. J., Suyitno, H., & Susilaningsih, E. (2017). Analisis kemampuan berpikir kritis ditinjau dari keterampilan proses sains dan motivasi belajar melalui model PBL. Journal of Primary Education, 6(1), 35-43. Retrieved from

Putra, N. S. (2022). Profile of students’ environmental literacy: A hypotetic model to perform effective environmental education. Natural Science: Jurnal Penelitian Bidang IPA dan Pendidikan IPA, 8(1), 50-56. Retrieved from

Putra, N. S. (2021). Scientific literacy competency of senior high school students based on question formats. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1882,, 1-5. Retrieved from

Putra, N. S., Permanasari, A., & Desmiawati, D. (2021). Student sustainability disposition: where are students’ levels?. Thabiea: Journal of Natural Science Teaching, 4(2), 148-158. Retrieved from

Qiang, Z., Obando, A. G., Chen, Y., & Ye, C. (2020). Revisiting distance learning resources for undergraduate research and lab activities during COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Chemical Education, 97(9), 3446-3449. Retrieved from

Rachmadtullah, R., Yustitia, V., Setiawan, B., Mahya Fanny, A., Pramulia, P., Susiloningsih, W., ... & Ardhian, T. (2020). The challenge of elementary school teachers to encounter superior generation in the 4.0 industrial revolution: study literature. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 9(4), 1879-1882. Retrieved from

Rashid, S., & Yadav, S. S. (2020). Impact of Covid-19 pandemic on higher education and research. Indian Journal of Human Development, 14(2), 340-343. Retrieved from

Sahu, P. (2020). Closure of universities due to coronavirus disease 2019 (covid-19): impact on education and mental health of students and academic staff. Cureus, 2019 April. Retrieved from doi:10.7759/cureus.7541.

Salamah, U., & Mursal, M. (2017). Meningkatkan keterampilan proses sains peserta didik menggunakan metode eksperimen berbasis inkuiri pada materi kalor. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Science Education), 5(1), 59-65. Retrieved from

Selamet, K., Subagia, I. W., & Sudiatmika, A. A. I. A. R. (2021). Pelatihan praktikum IPA sederhana pada pembelajaran IPA di masa pandemi covid-19. Proceeding Senadimas Undiksha, 342-354. Retrieved from

Subekti, Y., & Ariswan, A. (2016). Pembelajaran fisika dengan metode eksperimen untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar kognitif dan keterampilan proses sains. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan IPA, 2(2), 252-261. Retrieved from 10.21831/jipi.v2i2.6278.

Sufiyanto, M. I., & Hefni, M. (2021). Analisis penggunaan praktikum sederhana untuk meningkatkan keterampilan proses sains Di SDN Durbuk III pamekasan tahun pelajaran 2019/2020. EDUPROXIMA: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan IPA, 3(1), 1-17. Retrieved from

Tauhidah, D., & Farikha, Y. (2022). Analisis Keterampilan Proses Sains Mahasiswa Selama Praktikum Daring. Jurnal Education and Development, 10(2), 6-9. Retrieved from

Tay, L. Y., Lee, S. S., & Ramachandran, K. (2021). Implementation of online home-based learning and students’ engagement during the COVID-19 pandemic: A case study of Singapore mathematics teachers. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 30(3), 299-310. Retrieved from

Thompson, R. dan Thompson, B. (2012). Illustrated guide to home biology first edition diy science all lab ,no lecture, gravenstein highway north. Sebastopol: an imprint of Maker Media, a division of O’Reilly Media, Inc.

United Nation. (2020). Policy brief: The impact of on children. USA: United Nations

Ural, E. (2016). The effect of guided-inquiry laboratory experiments on science education students' chemistry laboratory attitudes, anxiety and achievement. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 4(4), 217-227. Retrieved from

Whalen, J. (2020). Should teachers be trained in emergency remote teaching? Lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 28(2), 189-199. Retrieved from

Winarti, T., & Nurhayati, S. (2014). Pembelajaran praktikum berorientasi proyek untuk meningkatkan keterampilan proses sains dan pemahaman konsep. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Kimia, 8(2), 1409-1419. Retrieved from

Yuniastuti, N. (2021). Peningkatan motivasi dan hasil belajar daring biologi melalui home based experiment model inquiry based learning. Ideguru: Jurnal Karya Ilmiah Guru, 6(1), 92-100. Retrieved from



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Based on a work at

Accepted and published papers will be freely accessed in this website and the following abstracting & indexing databases:




This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.