Analysis of student’s critical thinking skills and creativity after problem-based learning with STEM integration

Dissa Feby Octafianellis, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
Sudarmin Sudarmin, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
Nanik Wijayanti, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
Helina Panca, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

Abstract


Problem based learning (PBL) is one of the ideal learning models to meet the goals of 21st century education. It involves the 4C principles of critical thinking, communication, collaboration, and creativity. This study aims to analyze students’ critical and creative thinking skills after the use of STEM integrated PBL. This type of study is a mix method research with sequential explanatory design. The research subjects are 100 students of class XI IPA Christian Tri Tunggal Senior High School. The research instruments were written test questions, observation, interviews, and documentation. The results of the validation of the instruments by experts show a Cronbach Alpha score of 0.79. The data analysis is conducted through quantitative descriptive accompanied by t-test and N-gain test. The results of the analysis show that students’ critical thinking skills achieve a good criteria with the highest achievement in the aspect of providing simple explanations. Students’ creative thinking skills achieve a good criteria with the highest achievement on the flexibility aspect, namely providing various interpretations of a discourse, story, or problem. Hence, STEM integrated PBL can develop students’ critical and creative thinking skills

Keywords


PBL; STEM; critical; creative

Full Text:

Fulltext PDF

References


Afriana, J., Permanasari, A., & Fitriani, A. (2016). Penerapan project based learning terintegrasi STEM untuk meningkatkan literasi sains siswa ditinjau dari gender. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan IPA, 2(2), 202. https://doi.org/10.21831/jipi.v2i2.8561

Ariyatun, S. (2019). Pengaruh latihan batuk efektik metode pursed lip breathing thd kualitas sputum pd pasien TB paru di RSUD dr. R. Soeprapto Cepu. Prodi DIV Keperawatan Semarang POLTEKKES KEMENKES SEMARANG.

Becker, K. H., & Park, K. (2003). Effects of integrative approaches among science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) subjects on students’ learning: A preliminary meta-analysis. Journal of STEM Education: Innovations and Research, 12(5 & 6), 23–37. https://www.jstem.org/jstem/index.php/JSTEM/article/view/1509

Cahyaningsih, F., & Roektiningroem, E. (2018). Pengaruh pembelajaran IPA berbasis STEM-PBL terhadap keterampilan berpikir kritis dan hasil belajar kognitif. Pend. Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam-S1, 7(5), 239–244.

Capraro, R. M., Capraro, M. M., Morgan, J. R., & Slough, S. W. (2013). STEM Project-Based Learning: An Integrated Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Approach. In STEM Project-Based Learning an Integrated Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Approach. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-6209-143-6

Casad, B. J., Hale, P., & Wachs, F. L. (2017). Stereotype threat among girls: Differences by gender identity and math education context. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 41(4), 513–529. https://doi.org/10.1177/0361684317711412

Farwati, R., Permanasari, A., Firman, H., & Suhery, T. (2018). Integrasi problem based Learning dalam STEM education berorientasi pada aktualisasi literasi lingkungan dan kreativitas. Seminar Nasional Pendidikan IPA, 1(1), 198–206. http://conference.unsri.ac.id/index.php/semnasipa/article/view/688

Fatah, A., Suryadi, D., & Sabandar, J. (2016). Open-ended approach: an effort in cultivating students’ mathematical creative thinking ability and self-esteem in mathematics. Journal on Mathematics Education, 7(1), 11–20.

Kadir, L., & Satriawati, G. (2017). The implementation of open-inquiry approach to improve students’ learning activities, responses, and mathematical creative thinking skills. Journal on Mathematics Education, 8(1), 103–114.

Kristiani, K. D., Mayasari, T., & Kurniadi, E. (2017). Pengaruh pembelajaran STEM-PjBL terhadap keterampilan berpikir kreatif. Prosiding SNPF (Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Fisika), 266–274. http://e-journal.unipma.ac.id/index.php/snpf/article/view/1719

LaForce, M., Noble, E., & Blackwell, C. (2017). Problem-based learning (PBL) and student interest in STEM Careers: The roles of motivation and ability beliefs. Education Sciences, 7(4), 92. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci7040092

Lou, S. J., Liu, Y. H., Shih, R. C., & Tseng, K. H. (2011). The senior high school students’ learning behavioral model of STEM in PBL. International Journal of Technology and Design Education, 21(2), 161–183. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10798-010-9112-x

Oktavia, Z., & Ridlo, S. (2020). Critical thinking skills reviewed from communication skills of the primary school students in STEM-based project-based learning model. Journal of Primary Education, 9(3), 311–320. https://doi.org/0.15294/jpe.v9i3.27573

Redhana, I. W. (2010). Pengaruh model pembelajaran berbasis peta argumen terhadap keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa pada topik laju reaksi. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pengajaran, 43(2). https://doi.org/10.23887/jppundiksha.v43i2.1721

Redkar, S. (2012). Teaching advanced vehicle dynamics using a project based learning (PBL) approach. Journal of STEM Education: Innovations & Research, 13(3).

Reta, I. K. (2012). Pengaruh model pembelajaran Berbasis masalah terhadap keterampilan berpikir Kritis ditinjau dari gaya kognitif siswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran IPA Indonesia, 2(1). https://ejournal-pasca.undiksha.ac.id/index.php/jurnal_ipa/article/view/403

Roberts, A. (2012). A justification for STEM education. In Technology and Engineering Teachere. https://www.iteea.org/File.aspx?id=86478&v=5409fe8e

Rosa, N. M., & Pujiati, A. (2017). Pengaruh model pembelajaran berbasis masalah terhadap kemampuan berpikir kritis dan kemampuan berpikir kreatif. Formatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan MIPA, 6(3). https://doi.org/10.30998/formatif.v6i3.990

Rosidin, U., Distrik, I. W., & Herlina, K. (2018). The developmment of assessment instrument for learning science to improve student’s critical and creative thinking skills. International Conference on Educational Assessment and Policy, 1, 61–67. http://repository.lppm.unila.ac.id/10504/1/74

Santofani, A., & Rosana, D. (2016). Pengembangan tes kreativitas pada pembelajaran fisika dengan pendekatan inkuiri pada materi teori kinetik gas. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan IPA, 2(2), 134–144. https://doi.org/10.21831/jipi.v2i2.6373

Sari, I. K., Kenedi, A. K., Andika, R., Ningsih, Y., & Ariani, Y. (2019). Develop a student’s critical thinking skills. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1321, 032093. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1321/3/032093

Savery, J. R., & Duffy, T. M. (1995). Problem based learning: An instructional model and its constructivist framework. Educational Technology, 35(5), 31–38.

Setiyono, F. P. (2011). Pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran kimia kelarutan dan hasil kali kelarutan (Ksp) dengan pendekatan SETS untuk meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis dan kreatif siswa. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan, 1(2), 149–158.

Suhery, T. (2017). Implementasi STEMI pada pembelajaran kimia dalam rangka menerapkan Kurikulum 2013. Seminar Nasional Pendidikan IPA, 1(1), 8–13. http://www.conference.unsri.ac.id/index.php/semnasipa/article/view/664

Susanto, R., & Suryadarma, I. G. P. (2019). Thinking actively in social contexts for improving the creating thinking skills. Psychology, Evaluation, and Technology in Educational Research, 2(1), 51. https://doi.org/10.33292/petier.v2i1.14

Tawil, M., & Liliasari, L. (2014). Keterampilan-keterampilan sains dan implementasi dalam pembelajaran IPA. Universitas Negeri Makassar.

Tiwari, A., Lai, P., So, M., & Yuen, K. (2006). A comparison of the effects of problem-based learning and lecturing on the development of students’ critical thinking. Medical Education, 40(6), 547–554. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2929.2006.02481.x

Trilling, B., & Fadel, C. (2009). 21st century skills: Learning for life in our times. Jossey-Bass.

Wibowo, F. C., Suhandi, A., & Harjoto, B. (2013). Penerapan model project creative learning (PCL) untuk mengembangkan keterampilan berpikir kreatif konsep listrik magnet. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia, 9(2). https://doi.org/10.15294/jpfi.v9i2.3034

Wood, D. F. (2003). ABC of learning and teaching in medicine: Problem based learning. BMJ, 326(7384), 328–330. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.326.7384.328

Zubaidah, S. (2016). Keterampilan abad ke-21: Keterampilan yang diajarkan melalui pembelajaran. Seminar Nasional Pendidikan, 2(2), 1–17.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/jser.v5i1.41750

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Based on a work at https://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/jser/index

Accepted and published papers will be freely accessed in this website and the following abstracting & indexing databases:


   

=============================================================================================================

 

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.