The Effects of Model Project-Based Learning Approach on STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematic) on Natural Science Learning to Junior High School Student’s Critical Thinking Skills And Cooperative Skills at SMP N 1 Berbah

Riyani Septi Indriyana, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Susilowati Susilowati, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Abstract


This research aimed to (1) analyzes the effect of model project-based learning approach STEM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics) on natural science learning to junior high school student’s critical thinking skills and cooperative skills, and (2) analyze how the effect of model project-based learning on STEM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics) on natural science learning to junior high school student’s critical thinking skills and cooperative skills. This research was quasi-experimental with a non-equivalent control group design. The population was eighth-grade students of SMP Negeri 1 Berbah. Sampling selection technique used cluster random sampling techniques and obtained class VIII B as an experimental class and class VIII C as a control class. Learning in the experimental class project-based learning model was STEM-oriented, and the control class used a scientific approach. The data were pretest and posttest critical thinking, observation sheets of cooperative. The analysis used the normality test, homogeneity test, MANOVA test, and effect size. The results showed that: (1) there was an effect of project-based learning model on STEM approach on critical thinking skills and cooperative skills of students of SMP Negeri 1 Berbah, (2) the effect of science learning project-based learning model on STEM approach on critical thinking and collaborative skill was on medium category.

Keywords


Critical Thinking, Project Based Learning on STEM Approach, Cooperation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Afriana, J., Permanasari., & Fitriani. (2016). Penerapan Project Based Learning Terintegrasi STEM untuk Meningkatkan Literasi Sains Siswa Ditinjau dari Gender, Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan, 2, 5-9.

Afifah, A ., Ilmiyati, N., & Toto. (2019). Model Project Based Learning Berbasis STEM Untuk Meningkatkan Penguasaan Konsep dan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Siswa, Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi, 11, 3-6.

Arini, W., & Fikri, J. (2018). Analisis Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Pada Mata Pelajaran Fisika Untuk Pokok Bahasan Vektor Siswa Kleas X SMA Negeri 4 Lubuklinggau, Jurnal Berkala Fisika Indonesia, 1, 5-9.

Facione, P. A. (1990). Critical thinking: A Statement Of Expert Consensus for Purposes of Educational Assessment And Instruction. Millbrae, CA: The California Academic Press.

Ghozali, Imam. (2009). Aplikasi Analisis Multivariate Dengan Program SPSS. Semarang: Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro

Hapsari, Nadia., & Yonata, Bertha. (2014). Keterampilan Kerjasama Saat Diskusi Kelompok Siswa Kelas XI IPA pada Materi Asam Basa Melalui Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif di SMA Kemala Bhayangkari 1, Unesa Journal of Chemical Education, 3, 4-7.

Hidayati, D., As’ari, A., & Daniel, T. (2016). Analisis Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa SMP Kelas IX Pada Materi Kesebangunan, Konferensi Nasional Penelitian Matematika dan Pembelajarannya UMS, 5-9.

Ida, A., Sadia, W., & Muderawan. (2013). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Proyek Terhadap Pemahaman Konsep Kimia dan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis, e-Journal Program Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, 3, 5-8.

Khoiriyah, N., Abdurrahman., & Wahyudi. (2018). Implementasi Pendekatan Pembelajaran STEM untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa SMA pada Materi Gelombang Bunyi, Jurnal Kpf UAD, 5, 6-9.

Lambertus. (2009). Melatih Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Dalam Pembelajaran Matematika Di SD. Jurnal Forum Kependidikan, 28, 2-5.

Lee, A. (2000). Effect Size Measure for Two Independent Groups. Jurnal Effect Size Bocker, 3, 1-2.

Marza, A., Adnan, F., Fitria & Montesari, M. (2019). Pengaruh Model Project Based Learning Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis dan Kerjasama Siswa Pada Pembelajaran Tematik Terpadu Kelas VI SD, Jurnal Basicedu, 3, 4-6.

Pratiwi, I., Ardianti, S., & Kanzunnudin, M. (2018). Peningkatan Kemampuan Kerjasama melalui Model Project Based Learning (PjBL) berbantuan Metode Edutainment Pada Mata Pelajaran Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial, Jurnal Refleksi Edukatika, 8, 177-182.

Pribadi, Adi., Somakim., Yusup, M. 2017. Pengembangan Soal Penalaran Model TIMSS Pada Materi Geometri dan Pengukuran SMP. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 2, 115-128.

Privitera, G& Delzell. (2019). Quasi-Experimental and Single-Case Experimental Design Chapter Thirteen. California: Sage Publication Inc.

Ratna, H; dkk. (2017) Critical Thingking Skill: Konsep dan Indikator Penilaian. Jurnal Taman Cendekia, 1(2), 6-12.

Rosnow, R., & Rosenthal, R. (2003). Effect sizes for experimenting psychologists. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 57, 221–237.

Soh, T., Arsad, N., & Osman, K. (2010). The relationship of 21st century skills on students’ attitude and perception towards physics, Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 7, 546–554.

Sugiyono. (2018). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

West, Michael. (2002). Kerja Sama Kelompok yang Efektif. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisius

Widyoko, E.P. (2017). Evaluasi Program Pembelajaran. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/jser.v4i2.35717

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Based on a work at https://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/jser/index

Accepted and published papers will be freely accessed in this website and the following abstracting & indexing databases:


   

=============================================================================================================

 

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.