Perkembangan kognitif dalam Islam dan model bioekologi urie bronfenbrenner untuk hidup di era revolusi 4.0

Riki Perdana

Abstract


Human development is influenced by many factors so that each stage requires different treatments in order to become fully human. This study aims to describe the human development of the bioecological model and be related to the concept of human development in Islam. The method used is a literature review, by reviewing a number of scientific articles published from 2010 - 2020. Articles obtained from a number of indexed journals such as Google Scholar, Copernicus, Scopus Elsevier, Sage publication and other indexes. The results showed that there were five (5) stages of human development in the bioecological model including microsystems, mesosystems, ecosystems, macrosystems, and chronosystems. There are nine (9) stages of human development in an Islamic perspective ranging from 0 years to 80 years and above. In life in the era of industrial revolution 4.0 there are several points that become basic principles such as flexibility, efficiency, digitalization, decentralization, and individualization of needs. The conclusion of this research is that for every child development, it cannot be carried out directly with the pattern of the industrial revolution 4.0, each stage requires a different treatment so that the pattern of life in accordance with the Islamic religious guidance without lagging with the current of globalization.

 

Perkembangan manusia dipengaruhi oleh banyak faktor sehingga setiap tahap membutuhkan perlakuan yang berbeda agar dapat menjadi manusia seutuhnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan perkembangan manusia model bioekologi dan dihubungkan dengan konsep perkembangan manusia dalam islam. Metode yang dilakukan adalah literature review, dengan merivew sejumlah artikel ilmiah yang terbit sejak tahun 2010 – 2020. Artikel diperoleh dari sejumlah jurnal terindeks seperti google scholar, copernius, scopus Elsevier, Sage publication dan indeks lain. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada lima (5) meliputi mikrosistem, mesosistem, eksosistem, makrosistem dan kronosistem. Terdapat Sembilan (9) tahapan perkembangan manusia mulai dari 0 th hingga 80 th ke atas. Dalam kehidupan di era revolusi industri 4.0 ada beberapa poin yang menjadi prinsip dasar yaitu fleksibilitas, efisiensi, digitalisasi, desentralisasi dan individualisasi kebutuhan. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah pada setiap perkembangan anak, tidak bisa langsung dijalankan dengan pola revolusi industri 4.0, setiap tahapan memerlukan perlakukan yang berbeda agar pola kehidupan sesuai dengan tuntuan agama Islam tanpa tertinggal dengan arus globalisasi.


Keywords


Bioecology Model, Islamic Perspective, Industrial Revolution 4.0

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, F. (2012). The role of Islam in human capital development: A juristic analysis. Humanomics. https://doi.org/10.1108/08288661211200997

Ahmad, N., Bhatti, K. A., & Arshad, M. U. (2013). Economic Growth and Human Development in Islam. Al Qolam Journal.

Al-Qaradawi, Y. (1985). The Iman (Faith) and Life. Doha: Arabia Publication.

Alkire, S. (2002). Dimensions of human development. World Development, 30(2), 181-205. UK: Elsevier Science.

Baumrind, D. (1989). Rearing competent children. In W. Damon (Ed.), Child development today and tomorrow (pp. 349-378). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Ashiabi, G., & O’Neal, K. (2015). Child Social Development in Context: An Examination of Some Propositions in Bronfenbrenner’s Bioecological Theory. SAGE Open. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244015590840

Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development: Experiments by nature and design. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Bronfenbrenner, U. (1994). Nature-Nurture reconceptualized in developmental perspective: A bioecological model. Psychological Review, 101(4), 568-86.

Bronfenbrenner, U. (1995). Developmental ecology through space and time: A future perspective. In P. Moen, G. Elder, & K. Lusher (Eds.), Examining lives in context: Perspectives on the ecology of human development (pp. 619-647). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Bronfenbrenner, U., & Morris, P. A. (2006). The biological model of human development. In W. Damon & R. M. Lerner (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology: Theoretical models of human development (6th ed., Vol. 1, pp. 793-828). New York, NY: Wiley.

Carter, P. (2007). Keeping it real: School success beyond black and white. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Conger, R., K.

Conger, & Martin, M. (2010). Socioeconomic status, family processes, and individual development. Journal of Marriage and Family, 72, 685-704

Gorecky, D., Schmitt, M., Loskyll, M., & Zühlke, D. (2014). Human-machine-interaction in the industry 4.0 era. In Proceedings - 2014 12th IEEE International Conference on Industrial Informatics, INDIN 2014. https://doi.org/10.1109/INDIN.2014.6945523

Hassi, A. (2012). Islamic perspectives on training and professional development. Journal of Management Development. https://doi.org/10.1108/02621711211281816

Hermann, M., Pentek, T., & Otto, B. (2016). Design principles for industrie 4.0 scenarios. In Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1109/HICSS.2016.488

Keller, M., Rosenberg, M., Brettel, M., & Friederichsen, N. (2014). How Virtualization, Decentrazliation and Network Building Change the Manufacturing Landscape: An Industry 4.0 Perspective. International Journal of Mechanical, Aerospace, Industrial, Mechatronic and Manufacturing Engineering.

Lasi, H., Fettke, P., Kemper, H. G., Feld, T., & Hoffmann, M. (2014). Industry 4.0. Business and Information Systems Engineering. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12599-014-0334-4

Lee, O., & Martinek, T. (2013). Understanding the Transfer of Values-Based Youth Sport Program Goals From a Bioecological Perspective. Quest. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.2013.791871

Lucke, D., Constantinescu, C., & Westkämper, E. (2008). Smart Factory - A Step towards the Next Generation of Manufacturing. In Manufacturing Systems and Technologies for the New Frontier. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-84800-267-8_23

Morales, H., da Agra, C., & Matsuno, M. (2019). Antisocial Behavior in Juvenile Offenders: A Development Bioecological Approach*. Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community. https://doi.org/10.1080/10852352.2019.1664712

O’Toole, L., Hayes, N., & Halpenny, A. M. (2019). Animating Systems: The ecological value of Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological model of development. In Ecologies for Learning and Practice (pp. 19–31). Routledge.

Razimi, M. S. B. A., Noor, M. M., & Daud, N. M. (2014). The concept of dimension in human resource management from Islamic management perspective. Middle - East Journal of Scientific Research. https://doi.org/10.5829/idosi.mejsr.2014.20.09.12513

Rosa, E. M., & Tudge, J. (2013). Urie Bronfenbrenner’s Theory of Human Development: Its Evolution From Ecology to Bioecology. Journal of Family Theory & Review. https://doi.org/10.1111/jftr.12022

Shehu, S. (2015). A Study of the Islamic Perspective of Cognitive Development and Its Implications in Education in the Muslim World. Revelation and Science, 5(1).

Shokhibul Arifin. (2016). Perkembangan Kognitif Manusia Dalam Perspektif Psikologi Dan Islam. Tadarus :Jurnal UM Surabaya.

Sivathanu, B., & Pillai, R. (2018). Smart HR 4.0 – how industry 4.0 is disrupting HR. Human Resource Management International Digest. https://doi.org/10.1108/HRMID-04-2018-0059




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/hum.v19i2.29261

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Riki Perdana

   
 
 
 
Creative Commons License

Humanika: Kajian Ilmiah Mata Kuliah Umum by journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/humanika is licensed under a https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

 

ISSN (p) 1412-1271                                     ISSN (e)  2579-4248

View My Stats