MAKNA REALISME MAGIS DALAM NOVEL JOURS DE COLÈRE DAN ’ENFANT MÉDUSE KARYA SYLVIE GERMAIN

Ferli Hasanah, Mega Subekti, Vincentia Tri Handayani

Abstract


Abstrak

Dalam sastra, realisme magis dianggap sebagai alat yang ampuh untuk menunjukkan perlawanan terhadap kolonialisme dan neokolonialisme, terutama di negara berkembang yang sebagian besar masyarakatnya digambarkan masih menderita akibat efek destruktif kolonialisme. Penelitian bertujuan mendeskripsikan makna realisme magis dalam novel Jours de Colère dan l’Enfant Méduse karya Sylvie Germain. Berbeda dengan definisi genre fantastique (Todorov, 1970), realisme magis hadir sebagai bagian wajar dan tak terpisahkan dari cerita yang realis (Chanady, 1985). Realisme magis yang ada dalam kedua novel ini ada pada mitos, legenda, dan dongeng yang tergambar dalam narasi, deskripsi, maupun tokoh-tokohnya. Sejalan dengan Eugene Arva (1995) yang mengungkapkan bahwa realisme magis adalah jalan untuk mengungkapkan trauma yang tidak bisa diungkapkan, tokoh-tokoh dalam kedua novel memiliki pengalaman traumatis baik yang disaksikan maupun yang dialami sendiri. Dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan metode deskriptif analitis, hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa hal-hal magis yang melekat pada tokoh-tokoh di kedua novel dapat diargumentasikan bermakna sebagai strategi untuk mengungkapkan berbagai kejadian ekstrem yang ada dalam novel seperti kekerasan seksual dan pembunuhan. Penggunaan realisme magis ini tidak berfungsi untuk membuat pembaca memahami, namun untuk merasakan peristiwa yang terjadi.

Kata Kunci: realisme magis, le mal, fantasi, trauma

Abstract

This paper is intended to reveal the meaning of magical realism in the novels of Sylvie Germain's Jours de Colère l’Enfant Méduse. In contrast to the definition of the genre fantastique (Todorov, 1970), magical realism is present as a reasonable and inseparable part of a realist story (Chanady, 1985). The magical realism that exists in these two novels lies in myths, legends, and fairy tale that are depicted in the narration, description, and characters. Eugene Arva (1995) revealed that magical realism is a way to express unexplained trauma, the characters in both novels have traumatic experiences both witnessed and experienced by themselves. By using a qualitative approach and analytical descriptive method, the results of this study indicate that the magical things inherent in the characters in both novels can be argued as a strategy to express extreme events experienced such as sexual violence and murder. The use of magic realism is not working to make the reader understand, but to feel the events that occurred.

Keywords: Magical realism, evil, fantasy, trauma


Keywords


Magical realism, evil, fantasy

References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/ltr.v17i3.19990

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