Critical sociology in the development of HOTS-oriented cognitive assessment instruments

Aris Martiana, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Edi Istiyono, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Widihastuti Widihastuti, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia


The current curriculum focuses on three domains, one of which is cognitive. Cognitive abilities are very important for the development of individual competencies so that instruments to measure them must be carried out. High quality cognitive instruments are needed in the assessment. Assessment with High Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) orientation as an effort to implement 6c, namely communication, collaboration, critical thinking, creative thinking, also computational logic and concern by developing cognitive instruments in Sociology scientific assessment. The method used is Research and Development which is focused on development. Cognitive instruments were compiled and carried out content validity from 4 experts for Sociology, Education and Law which were then tested on 93 students through a questionnaire in the form of google form. Analysis of the data used is by using software iteman 4.3. The results of this study are cognitive instruments with 15 HOTS questions in the form of multiple choice using content validity with Aiken's count obtained a score of 0.75 to 0.9375 so it is included in the medium and high categories. The instrument has an Alpha score of 0.558 so it is included in the reliable category. For items that have a difficulty level of 0.637, it means that the difficulty of the questions is moderate and the positive discriminatory power with a number of 0.243 is in the medium category. Then the distractor on the answer choices in the question items can function well because most of them are > 0.05.


Development, Cognitive Instruments, HOTS, Sociology

Full Text:



Afifah, I. R. N., & Retnawati, H. (2019, October). Is it difficult to teach higher order thinking skills?. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1320, No. 1, p. 012098). IOP Publishing.

Anderson, L. W., & Krathwohl, D. R. (2001). A taxonomy for learning, teaching, and assessing: A revision of Bloom's taxonomy of educational objectives. Longman,.

Arifin, Z. (2017). Konsep dan model pengembangan kurikulum: konsep, teori, prinsip, prosedur, komponen, pendekatan, model, evaluasi dan inovasi. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Azwar, S. (2016). Reliabilitas dan validitas. Pustaka Pelajar.

Endrayanto, H. Y. S., & Harumurti, Y. W. (2014). Penilaian belajar siswa di sekolah. Kanisius.

Fatimah, L. U., & Alfath, K. (2019). Analisis kesukaran soal, daya pembeda dan fungsi distraktor. AL-MANAR: Jurnal Komunikasi dan Pendidikan Islam, 8(2), 37-64.

Hamalik, O. (2017). Kurikulum dan pembelajaran. Bumi Aksara.

Istiyono, E. (2020). Pengembangan instrumen penilaian dan analisis hasil belajar fisika dengan teori tes klasik dan modern. UNY Press.

Kemendikbud. (2020). Buku panduan penyusunan kurikulum pendidikan tinggi di era industri 4.0 untuk mendukung Merdeka Belajar-Kampus Merdeka

Mardapi, D. (2008). Teknik penyusunan instrumen tes dan nontes. Mitra Cendekia Press.

McMillan, J. H. (2017). Classroom assessment: Principles and practice that enhance student learning and motivation. Pearson.

Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia No. 3 Tahun 2020 tentang Standar Nasional Pendidikan Tinggi.

Pratama, G. S., & Retnawati, H. (2018, September). Urgency of higher order thinking skills (HOTS) content analysis in mathematics textbook. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1097, No. 1, p. 012147). IOP Publishing.

Pratiwi, P. H., Hidayah, N., & Martiana, A. (2017). Pengembangan modul mata kuliah penilaian pembelajaran sosiologi berorientasi HOTS. Cakrawala Pendidikan, (2), 85339.

Rohmad, Z. (2016). Asesmen & evaluasi pembelajaran. UNS Press.

Sabri, S. (2013). Item analysis of student comprehensive test for research in teaching beginner string ensemble using model based teaching among music students in public universities. International Journal of Education and Research, 1(12), 1-14.

Sugiyono. (2013). Metode penelitian kuantitatif, kualitatif dan R&D. Alfabeta



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Aris Martiana, Edi Istiyono, Widihastuti Widihastuti

Supervised by

RJI Main logo

Our Journal has been Indexed by


Creative Commons License
Journal of Social Studies (JSS) by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

View My Stats