“Nomenclature changes, essence unchanged”: Peripheral prisons reform and refusal to alter deterrence for rehabilitation

Babatope Matthew Ajiboye, Department of Peace and Conflict Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Nigeria
Ene Norah Awe, Department of Peace and Conflict Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Nigeria
Olabambo Evelyn Akinyemi, Department of Peace and Conflict Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Nigeria


The study focused on the Nigerian correctional institution and its mandate at rehabilitating convicts in preparedness for life outside bar and by implication reintegrating reformed individuals who are believed to pose no further threat to serenity of the society. Nigerian Correctional Service, previously known as Nigerian Prison Service, like its peer institution in the world, is primarily saddled with the responsibility to correct and reform convicts with the intent of reintegration back to conventional society. However, in Nigeria, this idea is render null and void with the broad-spectrum conception that when a person is sentenced to serve a jail term, that ultimately signifies the end of his or her worth in the society. Hence, the paper interrogates the Nigerian Correctional Service as an institution vested with the priority of making convicts better individuals. Emphasis was placed on the purported reformation of the institution in 2019. A secondary source was used for data collection and the content analytical approach was adopted which led to inferences drawn and logical conclusion established. The work reveals problems of welfare, infrastructural decay, and congestion coupled with pseudo rehabilitation obtainable in the institution. The study recommends that the Nigerian criminal justice system deserve an overhaul.


Nomenclature, Essence, Prison, Deterrence, Rehabilitation

Full Text:



Ajah, B.O. & Nweke, J.O. (2017). Prison facilities and the welfare of inmates in Nigeria: A case study of Abakaliki and Awka Prisons. World Applied Sciences Journal. 35(3). 361- 369.

Ajah, B.O. (2018). Educational training of inmates in Awka and Abakaiki Prisons. Nigeria International Journal of Criminal Justice Sciences. 13(2). 299-305.

Ajah, B.O. (2018). Criminal justice administration and panic of prison correction in Nigeria. Journal of Law and Judicial System. 1(2). 1-8.

Alamu, I. O. & Makinde, W.A. (2019). Challenges to effective implementation of rehabilitation programmes for prison inmates in Southwestern Nigeria: An empirical approach. Canadian Social Science. 15(9). 61-68.

Anzaku, S.A. Ismaila, G. A. Agube, S.A (2015). The theoretical exploration of punishment and incarceration in Nigeria? Research Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies. 1(8). 1- 6.

Chikwelu, N.E. Ajah, B.O. Obiefuna, C.E. Egbegi, F.R. (2018). Correctional programmes within the prison community: The views and perception of inmates and staff in Anambra State Prisons, Nigeria. Developing Country Studies. 8(6). 1-7.

Fox, W. & Bayat, M.S. (2007). A guide to managing research. Juta Publications.

Ikoh, M.U. (2011). The Nigerian prison system and the failure of rehabilitation: An examination of incarceration alternatives. Nigerian Academic Forum. 20(1). 1- 8.

McNeill, F. (2014). Punishment as rehabilitation. In: Bruinsma, Gerben and Weisburd, David (eds.) Encyclopedia of criminology and criminal justice. Springer.

Nigerian Correctional Service Act (2019). https://lawnigeria.com (accessed 15 April, 2020).

Nigerian Correctional Service (2020). https://interior.gov.ng/nigeria-correction-service (accessed 26 May, 2020).

Nigerian Correctional Service (2021). FG poise to ease congestion in correctional centres, https://interior.gov.ng/press-release/fg-poise-to-ease-congestion-in-correctional-centres/(accessed 10 April, 2020).

PRAWA. (2017). Nigeria’s awaiting trial prisoners. Penal Reform Fact Sheet. 1(1). 1-7.

Onyeji, E. & Udegbunam, O. (2020, April 10). ‘70% of Nigerian prisoners held without trial’. The Premium Times. https://www.premiumtimesng.com/ (accessed 7 May, 2020).

Obioha, E.A. (2011). Challenges and reforms in the Nigerian prisons system. Journal of Social Science. 27(2). 95-109.

Ojeah, M. (2020) ‘Prison Reform in Nigeria’ https://www.manifieldsolicitors.com (accessed 6 March, 2020).

Onwudiwe, I.D., Odo, J. & Onyeozili, E. C. (2011). Deterrence theory https://marisluste.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/deterence- (accessed 7 May, 2020).

Shajobi-Ibikunle, D.G. (2014). Challenge of imprisonment in the Nigerian penal system: The way forward. American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2(2). 94-104.

Williams, J.L. (2019). ‘Beyond the Nigerian correctional services act’, https://www.cfr.org/blog/beyond-nigerian-correctional-services-act (accessed 5 May, 2020).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/jss.v17i2.42758


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Babatope Matthew Ajiboye, Ene Norah Awe, Olabambo Evelyn Akinyemi

Supervised by

RJI Main logo

Our Journal has been Indexed by


Creative Commons License
Journal of Social Studies (JSS) by http://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/jss is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

View My Stats