High school students’ attitudes toward mathematics and its relation to mathematics learning achievement

Khairiani Idris, Mathematics Education Department, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Lhokseumawe, Indonesia
Khazila Khazila, Mathematics Education Department, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Lhokseumawe, Indonesia
Agustina Agustina, Mathematics Education Department, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Lhokseumawe, Indonesia
Lisa Lisa, Mathematics Education Department, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Lhokseumawe, Indonesia


Attitudes toward mathematics have been acknowledged among factors related to students’ mathematics learning achievement. The positive attitudes may de­crease when the education level getting higher. This study applied a mixed-method approach to describe students’ attitudes toward mathematics and to analyze the correlation between attitudes toward mathematics and mathematics learning achievement among students in the coastal area of Aceh Province, spe­cifically in Lhokseumawe City and North Aceh Regency. Total of 481 eleventh graders completed attitudes toward mathematics questionnaire online and 19 of them were involved in semi-structured interview. Data of mathematics learning achievement was obtained from students’ scores in their report card of the pre­vious semester. Data analyses were conducted by using Spearman’s correlation and chi-square test. The results of the study revealed that attitudes toward mathematics have a weak negative correlation but significant with mathematics learning achievement. This shows that there is a small percentage of students who have low learning achievement in mathematics tend to have a positive attitude towards mathematics in the high category, while students with high achievement on the contrary. Based on the results of the study, we provide seve­ral suggestions regarding learning mathematics and the direction of further research.


Correlational analysis; attitudes toward mathematics; mathematics learning achievement; mathematics learning

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/jrpm.v8i1.37002


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