The Javanese family strategies to building resilience in the digital era

Agustina Tri Wijayanti, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Saliman Saliman, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia


This study aims to find Javanese parenting strategies for building family resilience in the Digital era. This study used qualitative research methods of phenomenological studies. The subjects in the study were determined through purposive sampling, namely 5 families in  Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The collection of research data uses in-depth interviews and observations, while data analysis is through Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. The results of this study are as follows: Parenting strategies for Javanese families in the digital era through a) parents as role models through setting examples in increasing spirituality and positive habituation, b) parents need to have responsive Digital skills. Family resilience patterns in childcare in the digital era need to be built by a) developing life optimism based on Javanese values, b) building humanist dialogue, respecting each other, listening and responding to each other, making comfortable not depressed and afraid in the process then this is a process that can be developed in families in the digital age. c) democratic-contextual, in facing challenges and crises in the family, parents also need to develop a democratic parenting style that suits the needs of each child.


Family, community, education

Full Text:



Abbot, T. (2001). Social and personality development. Routledge.

Ainsworth, M. D. S., & Bowlby, J. (1991). An ethological approach to personality development. American Psychologist, 46(4), 333-341. doi:

Apostelina, E. (2012). Family resilience in families with autistic children. Jakarta State University.

Arnet, J. J. (2007). Encyclopedia of Children Adolescents and the Media. Sage Publications

Arulsubila, M dan Subasree, R. (2016). Parenting styles influencing personality development of catering students. The International Journal of Indian Psychology Volume 4, Issue 1, No. 79, DIP: 18.01.099/20160401 doi: http://10.25215/0401.099

Aslan, A. (2019). Peran Pola Asuh Orangtua di Era Digital. Jurnal Studia Insania, 7(1), 20,

Astiyanto. (2006). Filsafat Jawa menggali butir-butir kearifan lokal. Warta Pustaka.

Bates, L., Johnson, D. J., & Rana, M. (2013). Pathway to success experiences among “lost boys” of Sudan: A case study approach. In Chandi Fernando & Michael Ferrari. Handbook of Resilience in Children of war. New York : Springer

Baumrind &Thompson. (2002). Handbook of parenting: The ethics of parenting. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Berk, L.E. (2000). Child development (5th ed.). Allyn and Bacon.

Bibi, F., Chaudhry, A. G., Awan, E. A., & Tariq, B. (2013). Contribution of parenting style in life domain of children. IOSR Journal of humanities and social science (IOSRJHSS), 12(2), 91-95. Diunduh dari DOI:10.9790/0837-1229195

Black, K. dan Lobo, M. (2008). A conceptual review of family resilience factors. Journal of Family Nursing, 14, 33-55.

Bogdan, R., dan Biklen, S. K. (2007). Qualitative research for education: An introduction to theory and methods (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon

Boss, P. (2013). Resilience as tolerance for ambiguity. In D. S. Becvar (ed.). handbook of family resilience. New York: Springer. doi:

Bradley, S dan Hayes, N. (2007). Literature kajian on the support needs of parents of children with behavioural problems for barnardos, carlow. Centre for sosial and educational research dublin institute of technology. Dublin: Barnardos.

Brody, A. C. & Simmons, L. A. (2007). Family Resiliency during childhood cancer: the father perspective. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 24(3), 152-165.

Bronfenbrenner, U., Morris, P. A. (1998). The Ecology of Developmental Processes. In W. Damon (Series Ed.) & R. M. Lerner (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of Child Psychology: Vol. 1: Theoretical Models of Human Development. New York: Wiley

Bronfenbrenner dan Ceci. (1994). “Nature-Nurture Reconceptualized in Development Perspective; A Bioecological Model”. Psycoligical Review IOJ (4); 568-686.

Budiyono, B., &; Feriandi, Y. A. (2017). Exploring the values of local wisdom of Javanese culture as a source of character education. National Seminar on Guidance and

Counseling, 1, 92–103.

Chen, Y., Lin, M. J., & Chang, C. (2009). Industrial Marketing Management The positive effects of relationship learning and absorptive capacity on innovation performance and competitive advantage in industrial markets. Industrial Marketing Management, 38(2), 152–158.

Christine, W, S., Oktorina, M &; Mula, I. (2010). The effect of work conflict and family conflict on performance with family work conflict as an intervening variable (Study on dual career couples in Jabodetabek). Journal of Management and Entrepreneurship 12(2), 121-132.

Cohen, O., Slonim, I., Finzi, R., dan Leichtentritt, R. D. (2002). Family resilience: Israeli Mother’s Perspective. The American Journal of family Therapy, 30, 173-187

Creswell, J. W. 2014. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches: Fourth edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications

Daeng, N, R. (2010). Differences in Marital Satisfaction Between Husband and Wife in

Dual Career Family. Thesis, University of North Sumatra

Darling, N., dan Steinberg, L. (1993). Parenting style as context: an integrative

model. Psychological bulletin. 487-496. doi:

Dewey, J. (2004). Democracy and education: An introduction to the philosophy of education. Indian Edition. ISBN 978-81-87879-17-6. Aakar Books

Edwards, D. 2006. When Children Are Unruly: A Guide for Parents to Change Children's Behavior Problems. Bandung: PT Mizan Pustaka.

Elloy, D, F & Smith, C, R. (2003). Pattern of Stress, Work-Family Conflict, Role Conflict, Role Ambiguity, And Overload Among Dual-Career And Single Career Couple: An Australian Study. Cross cultural managemnent 10(1), 55-65

Elvika, R. R. (2019). Stress from everyday disturbances as a predictor in the formation of family resilience moderated by the role of cultural identity in the Minangkabau tribe. University of Indonesia.

Erlandson, D. A., Harris, E. L., Skipper, B. L., dan Allen, S. D. (1993). Doing naturalistic inquiry: a guide to methods. London, England: Sage

Fathi, B. (2011). Educating children with the Quran since the fetus. Jakarta: Grasindo

Fernanda Rojas, L. (2015). Factors affecting academic resilience in middle school students: A case study. Gist Education And Learning research Journal, 11(11), 63– 78.

Fouché, C. B., Dan Delport, C. S. L. (2005). The qualitative research report. In A.S.

Research at grassroots for the sosial sciences and human professions (3 rd ed.). Pretoria: Van Schaik.

Geertz, Hildred. (1983). Keluarga Jawa. Jakarta: Grafiti Pers (original work published 1961).

Geertz, H. (1961). The javanese family—a study of kinship and sosialization. The Free Press of Glencoe, Inc., New York, 1961. Pp. xii + 176, Appendix, Index

Giddens, A. (2005). The consequences of modernity. Yogyakarta: Discourse Creations.

Goode, W. J. (2002). Sociology of the family. Jakarta: Publisher PT Bumi Aksara

Gross, J. J., & John, O. P. (2003). Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: Implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 348–362

Grusec, J. E. (2002). Parental socialization and children’s acquisition of values. dalam Bornstein, M.H (ed). Handbook of Parenting, Vol. 5 Practical Issues in Parenting (2nd ed). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc

Hawari, D. (1997). Qur'anic Science of Psychiatry and Mental Health. Jakarta: Dana Bhakti Yasa.

Heniy Astiyanto. (2012). Filasafat Jawa Menggali Butir-butir Kearifan Lokal. Yogyakarta : Warta Pustaka.

Herrman, H., Stewart, D. E., Diaz-Granados, N., Berger, E. L., Jackson, B., & Yuen, T. (2011). What is resilience? Jpsychiatry, 56(5), 258–265.

Hidayati, L. (2016). Alternative Parenting Model in Dual-Career Family Fulfillment of Honing, Compassion, and Child Care Needs in Father-Mother Working Families in Tuban Regency. Journal of Child Education 2 (2), 41-54

Hoghughi, M. & Long, N. (2004). Handbook of parenting: Theory and research for practice. UK. SAGE Publications Ltd.

Holodynski, F. & Friedlmeier, W. (2005). Development of Emotions and Their Regulation; An Internalization Model. Springer.

Hoskins, D. H. (2014). Consequences of parenting on adolescent outcomes. Societies 2014, 4, 506–531; doi:10.3390/soc4030506. diunduh tanggal 20 November 2021.

Huang, G. H., & Gove, M. (2015). Asian parenting styles and academic achievement: views from eastern and western perspectives. Education, 135 (3), 389-397.

Hurlock, EB. 1999. Child Development. Volume 1, Sixth Edition. Translation: dr. Med. Meitasari Tjandrasa. Jakarta : Erlangga.

Indati, A. &; Ekowarni, E. 2006. The Javanese parenting gap between two generations. Journal of Psychodynamics, Vol 8, No. 1, 2006

Kalil, A. (2003). Family resilience and good child outcomes. A review of the literature. Wellington: Centre for social research and evaluation, ministry of social development: Te manatu Whakahiato Ora.

Ki Hadjar Dewantara. (1977). Part One: Education. Yogyakarta: Majelis Luhur Persatuan Taman Siswa.

Kim, J. M. S. (2006). Korean parents' disciplinary practices and socioeconomic status: An investigation based on disciplinary domains and language functions. (Disertasi) Greensboro: Faculty of The Graduate School at The University of North Carolina. Diunduh dari

Kerig, P., Ludlow, A., & Wenar, C. (2012). Developmental psychopathology (6th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill education

Kroger, J. (2007). Identity development: Adolescence through adulthood. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications.

Lebow, L., J. (2015). Hand Book of Clinical Family Therapy. Canada: Jhon Wiley & Son Inc.

Lincoln, YS. dan Guba, EG. (1995). Naturalistic inquiry. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

Lunata Ahkam. (2005). The role of self-monitoring in reducing delinquent behavior tendencies in adolescents. Makasar. Intellectual Journal. February Volume 3 No. 1

Lutfia, S & Kinanthi, M, R. (2016). Job Stress And Marital Satisfaction Among Husband in Dual-Earner Marriages. Proceedings on Social Science and Humanities, 1.

Luthar, S. S., Cicchetti, D., & Becker, B. (2000). The construct of resilience: A critical evaluation and guidelines for future work. Child Development, 71. 543-562

McCubbin, H. I, McCubbin, A.N., Thompson, I.A., Han, Y-S, dan Allen, T.C. (1997). Families Under Stress: What makes them resilient. Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences, 89(3), 2.

McCubbin, H. I., & Patterson, J. M. (1983). Family stress and adaptation to crisis. A double ABCX model of family behavior. In Olson, D. H dan Miller, B. C. Family Studies, Review Year book. (Volume 1). California: Sage Publication.

McCubbin, M. A. (1988). Family stress, resources, and family types: chronic illness in children. Family Relation, 37, 203-210.

Maccoby, E. E. (1992). The role of parents in the socialization of children: An historical overview. Developmental Psychology, 28(6), 1006-1017.

Maccoby, E. E., & Martin, J. A. (1983). Socialization in the Context of the Family: Parent-child Interaction. Dalam E. Hetherington (ed). Handbook of Child Psychology, 4. New York: Wiley.

Magnis-Suseno, Frans. (1984). Etika Jawa, Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama

Maio, G. R., & Olson, J. M. (1998). Values as truisms: evidence and implications. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 294-311. doi:

Manen, M. (1997). Researching lived experience: human science for an action sensitive pedagogy (2nd ed.). London, Ontario, Canada: The Althouse Press

Mardimin, Johanes, (1994). Don't Cry Tradition: Cultural Transformation Towards Modern Indonesian Society. Yogyakarta: Canisius

Marty Mawarpury. (2017). Resilience in the Family: A Psychological Perspective. Journal of Psychoislamedia. Volume 2, Number 1, April 2017

Masten, A. S. (2007). Resilience in developing systems: Progress and promise as the fourth waves rises. Development and Psychopatology. 19. 921- 930. doi: 10.1017/S0954579407000442

Meichenbaum, D. (2008). Bolstering resilience: Benefiting from lesson learned. diakses dari

Mills, Geoffrey. (2003). Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Min, J-A., Yu, J.J., Lee, C-U., & Chae, J.-H. (2013). Cognitive emotion regulation strategies contributing to resilience in patients with depression and/or anxiety disorders. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 54, 1190–1197.

Myers, H. F. & Taylor, S. (1998). Family contribution to risk and resilience in African American Children. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 29,1.

Nevid, J. S., Rathus, S. P., Greene, B. (2005). Abnormal Psychology (5th ed.). Jakarta:

Publisher Erlangga

Niaz, V. (2006). Role of faith and relience in recovery from psycho-trauma. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly, 22(2), 204-207.

Nichols, W. C. (2013). Roads to understanding family resilience: 1920s to the twenty-first century. In In D.S. Becvar (ed). Handbook of family resilience. New York: Springer Science. Business Media

Patterson, J. M. (2002). Integrating Family resilience and family stress theory. Journal of Marriage and Family, 64, 349-360.

Patterson, J. M. (2002). Understanding family resilience. Journal of clinical Psychology, 58(3), 233-246.

Pietkiewicz, I. (2014). A practical guide to using interpretative phenomenological analysis in qualitative research psychology. Czasopismo Psychologiczne – Psychological Journal, 20, 1, 2014, 7-14. Doi:10.14691/CPPJ.20.1.7

Pinem, Saroha. (2009). Reproductive Health and Contraception. Jakarta: Trans Media

Poegoeh, D.P., &; H. (2016). The role of social support and emotion regulation on the resilience of schizophrenic families. Insan, 1(1), 12–21.

Polkinghorne, D. E. (1989). Phenomenological research methods. in r. s. valle dan s. halling (eds.), Existential-phenomenological perspectives in psychology (pp. 41-60). New York, NY: Plenu

Pendit, Putu Laxman. (2005). Library and Information Science Research: An introduction to Epistimology and Methodology Discussion, Jakarta: JIP-FSUI.

Pressley, M., & McCormick, C. B. (2007). Child and Adolescent Development For Educator. New York: The Guildford Press

Rahardjo, S. (2012). Ki Hajar Dewantara: Biografi Singkat 1889-1959. Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzzmedia.

Reivich, K. and Shatté, A. (2002). The Resilience Factor: 7 Essential Skills for Overcoming Life’s Inevitable Obstacles. Broadway Books

Richardson, G. E. (2002). The Metatheory of Resilience and Resiliency. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 58(3), 307-321

Ritzer, George. (2009). Sociology: A Science with Dual Paradigms. Jakarta: Rajawali Pres

Rochayanti, et al. (2012). Socialization of Local Culture in Javanese Families. Journal of Communication Sciences. Volume 10. Number 3. August 2012. pp. 308-320

Rosli, Noor A. (2014). Effect of parenting styles on children's emotional and behavioral problems among different ethnicities of muslim children in the u.s. Dissertations (2009). Paper 376.

Salkind, N. J. (2009). Theories of human development. (Translation. M. Khozim) (Original Edition published in 2004 by Sage Publication New Delhi).

Sandi-Urena, Santiago. (2018). Phenomenological approaches to study learning in the tertiary level chemistry laboratory. Química Nova, 41(2), 236242.

Santrock, J. W. (2002). Life-span Development: Lifelong Development Fifth Edition Volume 2. Erlangga: Jakarta.

Santrock, J. W. (2008). Educational psychology (3rdEd.). New York: McGraw- Hill. Sarwono, S.W. (2002). Psikologi Remaja. Jakarta. Rajawali Pres

Saeroji, F. E. (2010). Family resilience. Downloaded from: resilience-family, September 10, 2021

Sixbey, M. Tucker. (2005). Development Of The Family Resilience Assessment Scale to Identify Family Resilience Constructs. Disertasi. University of Florida. doi:

Smith, C, R. (1992). Trends And Directions in Dual-Career Family Research. Women in Management Review, 7(1), 23-28.

Suseno, F. M. (1984). Javanese Ethics: A Philosophical Analysis of Javanese Life Wisdom. Jakarta (ID): Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Strahaar, Joseph dan Robert La Rose. (2002). Media Now: Communication Media in the Information Age: Australia: Wadsworth

Streubert H. J., dan Carpenter D. R. (2010). Qualitative research in nursing: advancing the humanistic imperative (5 th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams dan Wilkins.

Talib, J., Mohamad, Z., & Mamat, M. (2011). Effects of parenting style on children development. World Journal of Social Sciences, 1(2), 14-35. Diunduh dari

Taylor, S. L., Bogdan, R., DeVault, M. L. (2016). Introduction to qualitative research methods: a guidebook and resource (4th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley.

Tugade, M. M., & Fredricson, B. L. (2004). Resilient individuals use positive emotions to bounce back from negative emotional experiences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86 (2), 320 – 333

Walsh, F. (2006). Strengthening Family Resilience (third edition). New York: The Guilford Press.

Walsh, F. (1996). The concept of family resilience: Crisis and challenge. Fam Proc 35: 261-281. doi: http://10.1111/j.1545-5300.1996.00261.x

Walsh, F. (2002). A family resilience framework: Innovative practice aplication.

Family Relations, Vol. 51, No. 2, 130-137. doi:

Walsh, F. (2003). Family resilience: A framework for clinical practice. Family Process, 42(1), 1-18. doi:

Walsh, F. (2006). Strengthening Family Resilience 2nd Edition. New York: The Guilford Press.

Walsh, F. (2007). Traumatic loss and major disasters: Strengthening family and community resilience. Family Process, 46(2), 207. doi:

Walsh, F. (2012). Strengthening family resilience: Overcoming life challenges. In Scabini, E., & Rossi, G. (eds.). Family Transitions and Families in Transition. Milan: Centre for Studies and Research on the Family, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart.

Wardani, F. L. R. &; Uyun, Z. (2017) "Ngajeni wong liyo"; respect for elders in ethnic Javanese adolescents. Indigenous: Scientific Journal of Psychology, 2 (2), 176-183. downloaded from

Welman, J. C., dan Kruger, S. J. (1999). Research methodology for the business and administrative sciences. Johannesburg, South Africa: International Thompson.

Widyarini, N. (2009). Popular Psychology Series: Parent-Child Relations. Jakarta: Elek Media Komputindo.

Wiryopranoto, S. et al. (2017). Ki Hajar Dewantara: His Thoughts and Struggles. Jakarta: Ministry of Education and Culture.

Wulandari. (2009). The relationship between Javanese values and strategies to deal with problems in old age. Yogyakarta: Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Yuksel, P dan Yildirim, S. (2015). Theoretical frameworks, methods, and procedures for conducting phenomenological studies in educational settings. Turkish online journal of qualitative inquiry, January 2015, 6(1).

Zhang, Y. B., Lin, M. C., Nonaka, A., & Beom, K. (2005). Harmony, hierarchy and conservatism: a cross-cultural comparison of Confucian values in China, Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. Communication Research Reports, 22(2), 107–115, doi:



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

JIPSINDO (Jurnal Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial Indonesia)

ISSN: 2355-0139 (Print) | 2615-7594 (Online)

Published by: Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta



Visitor Statistic

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.