Efektivitas ice breaking dalam mengurangi kejenuhan peserta didik mempelajari Bahasa Arab

Desmidar Desmidar, Mahyudin Ritonga, Syaflin Halim

Abstract


Kondisi pembelajaran yang statis dipandang tidak proporsional karena menyebabkan peserta didik merasa terbebani, bosan dan jenuh. Kejenuhan belajar didefinisikan sebagai kelelahan fisik, emosional, dan mental yang dialami oleh siswa yang ditandai dengan penurunan motivasi dan minat peserta didik dalam pembelajaran, motivasi dan minat yang rendah dapat mengakibatkan penurunan prestasi belajar siswa. Kejenuhan belajar terjadi karena proses belajar siswa dilakukan secara terus menerus dan untuk waktu yang lama namun tidak mendapatkan kesuksesan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menguji efektivitas ice breaking dalam mengurangi kejenuhan peserta didik pada saat pembelajaran. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan desain eksperimen semu. Sampel penelitian tersebut adalah peserta didik kelas VIII.1 MTs Negeri 2 Pasaman, yaitu 41 orang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada penurunan skor rata-rata kejenuhan siswa sebesar 19,07. Pembelajaran dengan menggunakan ice breaking membuat proses pembelajaran mengalami peningkatan kualitas dan hilangnya kejenuhan peserta didik sebesar 15,31%. Rekomendasi kepada guru agar kreatif menciptakan suasana belajar yang menarik dan menyenangkan, salah satunya dengan menerapkan permainan ice breaking dalam proses pembelajaran agar proses pembelajaran menjadi lebih optimal.

The demands of learning and teaching and learning activities that menoton judged disproportionate so as to make students feel burdened, bored and saturated. Learning saturation is defined as physical, emotional, and mental fatigue experienced by students characterized by decreased motivation and interest in student learning, which can result in decreased student learning achievement. The saturation of learning occurs because the learning process of students is done continuously and for a long time but does not get success. The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness of ice breaking to reduce the saturation of students' learning. The research uses quantitative approach with quasi experimental design non equivalent pretest post test control group. The research sample was grade VIII.1 MTsN 2 Pasaman students, which is 41 people. The results showed that there was a decrease in the average score of student saturation of 19.07. A significant change in learning saturation score of 15.31%.  Recommendations to teachers in order to creatively create an interesting and fun learning atmosphere, one of which is by applying ice breaking games in the learning process so that the learning process becomes more optimal.


Keywords


Efektivitas, Ice Breaking, Proses Pembelajaran

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agustina, N. T. (2021). The Effectiveness of the Use of the Form of Jigsaw in the Reading Skill of the Islamic Middle School Shining Sedan Rembang. Tanwir Arabiyyah: Arabic as Foreign Language Journal, 1(1), 33–44. https://doi.org/10.22219/afl.v1i1.2494

Alim, N., Ritonga, M., & Mafardi, M. (2020). Korelasi Kegiatan Ekstrakurikuler Sanggar Al-Quran dengan Hasil Belajar Al-Quran Hadits di MAN 4 Pasaman Barat. Intiqad: Jurnal Agama Dan Pendidikan Islam, 12(2), 246–255. https://doi.org/10.30596/intiqad.v12i2.4640

Ansyah, S., Ritonga, M., & Alrasi, F. (2020). Sistem Kaji Duduak Sebagai Strategi Pembelajaran Maharah Al-Qira’ah Di Madrasah Batang Kabung. Arabi : Journal of Arabic Studies, 5(2), 191. https://doi.org/10.24865/ajas.v5i2.257

Bakhtiar, M. I. (2015). Pengembangan Video Ice Breaking Sebagai Media Bimbingan Konseling Dalam Meningkatkan Keterampilan Sosial. Jurnal Psikologi Pendidikan Dan Konseling: Jurnal Kajian Psikologi Pendidikan Dan Bimbingan Konseling, 1(2), 150. https://doi.org/10.26858/jpkk.v1i2.1816

Deasy, C., Coughlan, B., Pironom, J., Jourdan, D., & Mannix-McNamara, P. (2014). Psychological distress and coping amongst higher education students: A Mixed method enquiry. PLoS ONE, 9(12), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115193

Di Monte, C., Monaco, S., Mariani, R., & Di Trani, M. (2020). From Resilience to Burnout: Psychological Features of Italian General Practitioners During COVID-19 Emergency. Frontiers in Psychology, 11(October), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.567201

Fanani, A. (2017). Ice Breaking dalam Proses Belajar Mengajar. Jurnal Buana Pendidikan, VI(11), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1145/3110292.3110316

Farwati, D. Z., Rahmah, M., & Sutisna, E. (2018). the Application of Ice Breaking Activities in Teaching English To Junior High School Students. JETLi| Journal of English …, 1(1), 1–10. https://journal.unpak.ac.id/index.php/Jet-Li/article/view/1489

Halbesleben, J. R. B., & Buckley, M. R. (2004). Burnout in organizational life. Journal of Management, 30(6), 859–879. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jm.2004.06.004

Hutasoit, R., & Tambunan, D. B. (2018). The Effect of Ice Breaking Technique in Teaching Speaking at the Tenth Grade Students of SMK Dharma Bhakti Siborongborong in Academic Year 2018/2019. International Journal of English Literature and Social Sciences, 3(5), 700–705. https://doi.org/10.22161/ijels.3.5.2

Islam, S., Baharun, H., Muali, C., Ghufron, M. I., Bali, M. el I., Wijaya, M., & Marzuki, I. (2018). To Boost Students’ Motivation and Achievement through Blended Learning. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1114(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1114/1/012046

Jandrić, P., Hayes, D., Truelove, I., Levinson, P., Mayo, P., Ryberg, T., & Monzó, L. D. (2020). Teaching in the Age of Covid-19 Petar. Postdigital Science and Education, 2, 1069 –1230. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42438-020-00169-6

Khaira, M., Ritonga, M., & Halim, S. (2021). The Effectiveness of Scrabble Game Media in Improving Learning Outcomes. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1933(1), 012128. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1933/1/012128

Khairunnas, Ritonga, M., & Lahmi, A. (2021). Pendididkan Agama Islam sebagai Basic Kedisiplinan: Studi Fenomenologi di SMP Negeri 3 Lembah Melintang Pasaman Barat. Al-Muaddib :Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial Dan Keislaman, 6(1), 55–65. https://doi.org/10.31604/muaddib.v5i1.55-65

Kintu, M. J., Zhu, C., & Kagambe, E. (2017). Blended learning effectiveness: the relationship between student characteristics, design features and outcomes. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 14(1), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41239-017-0043-4

Licorish, S. A., Owen, H. E., Daniel, B., & George, J. L. (2018). Students’ perception of Kahoot!’s influence on teaching and learning. Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning, 13(9), 1–24. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41039-018-0078-8

Mailita, Basyir, M. N., & Abd, D. (2016). Upaya Guru Bimbingan Konseling dalam mencegah kejenuhan Belajar siswa di SMP Negeri Banda Aceh. Jurnal Ilmia Mahasiswa Bimbingan Dan Konseling, 1(2), 14–26.

Maslach, C., & Jackson, S. E. (1981). The measurement of experienced burnout. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 2(2), 99–113. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.4030020205

Rachim, D. K. N. (2020). Study of The Lazy Nature of Physics Students Using The Quadratic Optimal Control Method. Jurnal Penelitian & Pengembangan Pendidikan Fisika, 6(2), 279–288. https://doi.org/10.21009/1.06214

Ritonga, M., Widodo, H., Munirah, & Nurdianto, T. (2021). Arabic language learning reconstruction as a response to strengthen Al-Islam studies at higher education. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 10(1), 355–363. https://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v10i1.20747

Sari, D. R., Rofiqo, N., Hartama, D., Windarto, A. P., & Wanto, A. (2019). Analysis of the Factors Causing Lazy Students to Study Using the ELECTRE II Algorithm. The International Conference on Computer Science and Applied Mathematic, 1255(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1255/1/012007

Sartika, F., Desriwita, E., & Ritonga, M. (2020). Pemanfaatan Media Pembelajaran Dalam Meningkatkan Kualitas Pembelajaran PAI di Sekolah. Humanika, Kajian Ilmiah Mata Kuliah Umum, 20(2), 115–128. https://doi.org/10.21831/hum.v20i2.32598

Setiawaty, T., & Tjahjono, G. (2019). Students Learning Difficulties and Saturation in Achieving Competency. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, Volume 299 5th UPI International Conference on Technical and Vocational Education and Training (ICTVET 2018), January, 4–9. https://doi.org/10.2991/ictvet-18.2019.2

Sieberer-Nagler, K. (2016). Effective Classroom-Management & Positive Teaching. English Language Teaching, 9(1), 163–172. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v9n1p163

Slivar, B. (2001). The syndrome of burnout, self-image, and anxiety with grammar school students. Psihološka Obzorja / Horizons of Psychology, 10(2), 21–32.

Solihat, A., Astuti, A. R., & Satriani, I. (2020). the Influence of Ice Breaker To Students’ Motivation in Teaching English. PROJECT (Professional Journal of English Education), 3(2), 210–216. https://doi.org/10.22460/project.v3i2.p210-216

Tongco, M. D. C. (2007). Purposive sampling as a tool for informant selection. Ethnobotany Research and Applications, 5, 147–158. https://doi.org/10.17348/era.5.0.147-158

Wullur, M. M., & Werang, B. R. (2020). Emotional exhaustion and organizational commitment: Primary school teachers’ perspective. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 9(4), 912–919. https://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v9i4.20727

Yeganehpour, P. (2017). Ice-breaking as A Useful Teaching Policy for Both Genders. Journal of Education and Practice Www.Iiste.Org, 8(22), 137–142. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/326989361_Ice-breaking_as_A_Useful_Teaching_Policy_for_Both_Gender

Yusuf, M., Ritonga, M., & Mursal. (2020). Implementasi Karakter Disiplin dalam Kurikulum 2013 Pada Bidang Studi PAI di SMA Islam Terpadu Darul Hikmah. Jurnal Tarbiyatuna, 11(1), 49–60.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/hum.v21i2.41941

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Desmidar Desmidar, Mahyudin Ritonga, Syaflin Halim

Supervised by

RJI Main logo


Our Journal has been Indexed by

    


Creative Commons License
Humanika: Kajian Ilmiah Mata Kuliah Umum by http://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/humanika is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

View My Stats