Eksplorasi berpikir kreatif melalui discovery learning Bruner

Mulin Nu'man, UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, Indonesia


Creative thinking is an essential component of advanced mathematical thinking. The components of creative thinking are lateral thinking (creating one’s own and non-routine ways), divergent thinking (using a variety of ways), and convergent-integrative thinking (using patterns in other situations). One way to develop creative thinking is learning with Bruner’s discovery learning model, namely learning with an enactive, iconic, and symbolic stage. Learning activities with Bruner’s discovery learning on the material of the two-variable linear equation system (SPLDV) to explore creative thinking are: 1) preliminary activities: goals and perceptions, 2) core activities include: the enactive stage, which is giving contextual problems to be solved themselves of students to explore lateral thinking, the iconic stage, which is writing solutions and presentations to explore divergent thinking, and the symbolic stage, which is the elaboration of the results of the previous stages to be brought to the mathematical process in the form of modeling and elimination and substitution methods to explore lateral thinking, divergent thinking, and convergent thinking integrative, and 3) closing activities: feedback and conclusions.


Berpikir Kreatif, Discovery Learning Bruner, Kecakapan Abad 21

Full Text:



Aisyah, N. (2007). Pengembangan Pembelajaran Matematika SD. Jakarta: Dirjen Dikti Depdiknas.

Aizikovitsh-Udi, E., & Amit, M. (2011). Developing the Skills of Critical and Creative Thinking by Probability Teaching. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 1087–1091.

Aizikovitsh-Udi, E., & Star, J. (2011). The Skill of Asking Good Questions in Mathematics Teaching. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 1354–1358.

Bruner, J. S. (1999). The Process of Education - A Landmark in Educational Theory. Cambridge, London: Harvard University Press, 25, 1–97.

Bruner, J. S. (2018). Jerome Bruner and Constructivism. Learning Theories for Early Years Practice.

CEF. (2018). Divergent Thinking. Retrieved from http://www.creativeeducationfoundation.org/creative-problem-solving/divergent-thinking/

Dewi, S. S. K., & Aman, A. (2019). The implementation of authentic assessment in history learning at senior high school. Journal of Social Studies (JSS), 15(2), 85-102. https://doi.org/10.21831/jss.v15i2.25229

Duff, M. C., Kurczek, J., Rubin, R., Cohen, N. J., & Tranel, D. (2013). Hippocampal Amnesia Disrupts Creative Thinking. Hippocampus, 23(12), 1143–1149.

Guilford, J. P. (1967). The Nature of Human Intelligence. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Hadar, L. L., & Tirosh, M. (2019). Creative Thinking in Mathematics Curriculum: An Analytic Framework. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 33, 100585.

Hendriana, H., Rohaeti, E. E., & Sumarmo, U. (2017). Hard Skill dan Soft Skill Matematik Siswa. Bandung: Refika Aditama.

Mayer, R. E. (2004). Should There Be a Three-Strikes Rule Against Pure Discovery Learning? American Psychologist, 59(1), 14–19.

McGregor, D. (2007). Developing Thinking Developing Learning. British Journal of Educational Studies.

NEA. (2012). An Educators Guide to The “Fours C’s”. USA.

Owen-Wilson, L. (2016). The Second Principle. Retrieved from http://thesecondprinciple.com/creativity/creativity-essentials/types-of-creative-thinking/

Permendikbud, N. 37. (2018). Kompetensi Inti dan Kompetensi Dasar Pelajaran pada Kurikulum 2013 pada Pendidikan Dasar dan Pendidikan Menengah. Jakarta: Kemendikbud.

Permendikbud, N. 65. (2013). Standar Proses Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Piawa, C. Y. (2010). Building a Test to Assess Creative and Critical Thinking Simultaneously. Procedia-Socialand Behavioral Sciences, 2(2), 551–559.

Putri, C. A., Munzir, S., & Abidin, Z. (2019). Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Matematis Siswa melalui Model Pembelajaran Brain-Based Learning. Jurnal Didaktik Matematika, 6(1), 13–28.

Rahayu, E. L., Akbar, P., & Afrilianto, M. (2018). Pengaruh Metode Mind Mapping Terhadap Strategi Thinking Aloud Pair Problem Solving Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Matematis. Journal on Education, 1(2), 271–278.

Robinson, J. R. (2011). Webster’s Dictionary Definition of Creativity. Journal for Workforce Education and Development, 3(2), 34–47.

Saab, N., Joolingen, W. R., & Hout-Wolters, B. H. A. M. (2005). Communication in Collaborative Discovery Learning. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 75(4), 603–621.

Schunk, D. H. (2012). Learning Theories An Educational Perspective. New York: Pearson.

Sheffield, L. J. (2013). Creativity and School Mathematics: Some Modest Observations. ZDM Mathematics Education, 45, 325–332.

Sill, D. J. (1996). Integrative Thinking. Synthesis, and Creativity in Interdisciplinary Studies. The Journal of General Education, 45(2), 129–151.

Singh, B. (2019). Character education in the 21st century. Journal of Social Studies (JSS), 15(1).1-12. doi: 10.21831/jss.v15i1.25226.

Siswono, T. Y. E., Rosyidi, A. H., Astuti, Y. P., & Kurniasari, I. (2012). Pemberdayaan Guru dalam Pembelajaran Matematika untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Siswa Sd. Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 18(2), 210–219.

Švecová, V., Rumanová, L., & Pavlovičová, G. (2014). Support of Pupil ’ s Creative Thinking in Mathematical Education. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 1715–1719.

Takaya, K. (2015). Bruner’s Theory of Cognitive Development. International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition, 2, 880–885.

Ulfah, U., Prabawanto, S., & Jupri, A. (2017). Students’ Mathematical Creative Thinking Through Problem Posing Learning. Journal of Physics Conference Series, 895(1), 1–7.

Wen, P. (2018). Application of Bruner’s Learning Theory in Mathematics Studies. 283(Cesses), 234–237.

Zhou, M., & Brown, D. (2017). Educational Learning Theories: 2nd Edition. In Education Open Textbooks. Retrieved from https://oer.galileo.usg.edu/education-textbooks/1

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/hum.v20i1.29265


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Mulin Nu'man

Supervised by

RJI Main logo

Our Journal has been Indexed by


Creative Commons License
Humanika: Kajian Ilmiah Mata Kuliah Umum by http://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/humanika is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

View My Stats