Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Berbasis Pemecahan Masalah Berorientasi pada Kemampuan Penalaran dan Komunikasi Matematika

Furdan Rahmadi

Abstract


Penilitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran matematika berbasis pemecahan masalah berorientasi pada kemampuan penalaran dan komonikasi matematika siswa  kelas X di SMK bidang keahlian akomodasi perhotelan. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian pengembangan (Research and Development). Penelitian ini bertujuan utuk mengembangkan perangkat pembelajaran dengan menggunakan model pengembangan 3D (Define, Design, Develop) yang dikembangkan oleh Borg dan Gall.  Subyek penelitian ini adalah 65 siswa  kelas X SMK Negeri 6 Yogyakarta. Analisis data dilakukan dengan mengkonversi total skor aktual yang diperoleh menjadi data kualitatif skala lima. Penelitian ini menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran matematika materi barisan dan deret  yang, meliputi  RPP, LKS, dan THB. Dari hasil validasi ahli, skor penilaian guru, penilaian siswa, observasi pembelajaran dan tes evaluasi menunjukkan bahwa RPP, LKS, dan THB  adalah  valid, praktis, dan efektif. Secara keseluruhan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan adalah layak untuk digunakan.

Kata kunci: pengembangan, perangkat pembelajaran,kemampuan penalaran, komunikasi matematika

 

Developing Problem Based Learning Kits Oriented Toward Reasoning Ability and Math Communication of Students for Sequences and for Series Materials

 

Abstract

This study aims to produce  problem-based learning kits which are valid, practical, and effective oriented toward mathematical reasoning ability and mathematics  communication of  Vocational School of Hotel acomodatioan.  This study was a research and  development study. It developed learning kits using   Borg and Gall development model, and the model was  modified so that it included only Define, Design, and Develop.   This study produced learning kits for the problem-based learning oriented reasoning ability and communication students for the topic of sequence and series. The kits consisted of lesson plan, student work sheet, and achievement test. The results of the validation   show that the developed kits are feasible to use and in the good category. The results of tryouts showed that the developed kits  are practical and effective to develop mathematics reasoning ability and mathematics communication of the students. The Practicality in tryout  was in good category with an average capability of being implemented in learning of 83.33 % and the field tryout us in the good category  with an average of improvement of 90.33%. Based on the  achievement test, it shows that  the achievement of learning outcomes with a minimum completeness is 78.33 %.

Keywords: development, reasoning ability, communication of mathematics

Keywords


development; reasoning ability; communication of mathematics

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arends, R.I (1997) Clasroom Intructions and Management. New York: McGraw –Hill CompanyInc.

Barbara, J. (2005). Mathematics teacher education, London: British Library

Borg, W.R., & Gall, M.D. (1983). Educational reseach an introduction. New York : Longman.

Cobb, P., Gravemeijer, K., & Yackel, E. (2011). Symbolizing and instructional design–developing instructional sequences to support students mathematical learning. Dalam Sfard. A.,

Cowan, P. (2006). Teaching mathematics: A handbook for primary and secondary school teachers. New York: Routledge.

Depdiknas. (2008a). Bahan bimbingan teknis penyusunan KTSP dan silabus sekolah menengah kejuruan. Jakarta: Direktorat Pembinaan Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan.

Djamarah, S.B. & Zain, A. (2013). Strategi belajar mengajar. Jakarta : Rineka Cipta.

Ebel, R. L., & Frisbie, D. A. (1986). Essentials of educational measurement (4th ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Fauzan, A., Dick Slettenhaar, & Tjeerd Plomp. (2009), Teaching mathematics in Indonesian primary schools using realistic mathematics education (RME) – approach. Proceedings of the 29th Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education vol. 2.

Herman, T. (2007). Pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran matematika kemampuan penalaran matematika siswa SMP. Cakrawala Pendidikan, Februari 2007. Th. XXXVI.

Keith, Jones ( 2009). Providing a foundation for deductive reasoning students interpretations when using dynamic geometry software and their evolving mathematical explanitions. Centre for Research in Mathematics Education University of Southampton

Kemp, E.J., Morrison, G.R., & Ross, S.M. (2004). Designing effective instruction. New York: Merrill.

Kusuma, B.A. (2012). Pengembangan silabus dan rencana pelaksanaan pembelajaran matematika menggunakan pembelajaran kooperatif pada materi pokok trigonometri di SMK kelas X jurusan teknologi komputer jaringan. Tesis magister, tidak diterbitkan, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta.

Nitko, A.J., & Brookhart, S.M. (2011). Educational assessment of students. Columbus, OH : Merill.

Peraturan Pemerintah RI Nomor 81 a Tahun 2013 Tentang Implementasi kurikulum pedoman umum pembelajaran. Depdiknas.

Permendiknas No 65 tahun 2013 Tentang Standar proses pendidikan dasar dan menengah.

Uno, B.U. (2008). Model pembelajaran. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/pg.v10i2.9133

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


PYTHAGORAS: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika indexed by:


Creative Commons License Pythagoras is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/pythagoras.

All rights reserved p-ISSN: 1978-4538 | e-ISSN: 2527-421X

Visitor Number:

View Pythagoras Stats