Pengembangan Bahan Ajar Matematika yang Berorientasi pada Karakter dan Higher Order Thinking Skill (HOTS)

Shin’an Musfiqi, Jailani Jailani

Abstract


 

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan bahan ajar matematika SMP kelas VIII semester 1 yang valid, praktis, dan efektif untuk meningkatkan karakter dan higher order thinking skill (HOTS) siswa. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan yang dilakukan dalam tiga tahap, yaitu tahap pendahuluan, tahap pembuatan, dan tahap pengembangan. Tahap pendahuluan dilakukan analisis konteks dan masalah, kajian pustaka, dan perumusan tujuan pembelajaran, tahap pembuatan terdiri atas penyusunan instrumen tes, penentuan: media, strategi, dan materi pembelajaran, dan penyusunan desain awal produk, dan pada tahap pengembangan, dilakukan tiga siklus evaluasi formatif, yakni: uji coba produk, evaluasi, dan revisi produk. Bahan ajar yang dihasilkan dalam penelitian ini terdiri atas rencana pelaksanaan pembelajaran (RPP) dan lembar kerja siswa (LKS). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa bahan ajar yang dihasilkan valid, praktis, dan efektif ditinjau dari orientasi bahan ajar terhadap karakter dan HOTS. Keefektifan bahan ajar ditunjukkan oleh hasil penilaian melalui angket karakter dan tes HOTS. Berdasarkan hasil penilaian, persentase siswa yang memiliki karakter minimal baik meningkat dari 78% menjadi 100% (meningkat 22%). Selanjutnya, berdasarkan hasil tes HOTS, banyaknya siswa yang tuntas meningkat dari 0% menjadi 74% (meningkat 74%).

Kata Kunci: pengembangan, bahan ajar, RPP, LKS, karakter, keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi, HOTS

 

Developing Mathematics Instructional Materials Oriented to Character and Higher Order Thinking Skill (Hots)

 

Abstract

This research aimed to produce mathematics instructional materials for junior high school grade 8th semester 1 that is valid, practical, and effective for improving the student’s character and higher order thinking skill (HOTS). This research was a developmental research consisting of three phases: preliminary phase, designing phase, and developing phase. In the preliminary phase, contexts and problems analysis, literature review, and formulation of learning objectives were conducted. The designing phase consisted of developing the test instrument, determining the instructional strategies, media, and materials, and designing of the initial design of products. At the developing phase, three cycles of formative evaluation were conducted, consisting of product testing, evaluation, and product revision.The instructional materials produced consisted of lesson plans and student worksheets.  The results showed that the instructional materials produced are valid, practical, and effective in terms of character and HOTS. The effectiveness of the instructional materials was shown by the results of the character questionnaire and the HOTS test. Based on the results of the character questionnaire, the percentage of students who have minimum good character increased from 78% to 100% (up 22%). Furthermore, based on the results of the HOTS test, the number of students who completed increase from 0% to 74% (up 74%).

Keywords: development, instructional materials, lesson plan, student worksheet, character, higher order thinking skill (HOTS)

Keywords


development; instructional materials; lesson plan; student worksheet; character; higher order thinking skill (HOTS)

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arends, R. I., & Kilcher, A. (2010). Teaching for student learning: Becoming an accomplished teacher. New York: Taylor & Francis.

Anderson, L., & Krathwohl, D. A. (2001). Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching and Assessing: A Revision of Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. New York: Longman

Arends, R. I. (2012). Learning to teach (9th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill

Azwar, S. (2013). Penyusunan skala psikologi (Edisi 2). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar

Berkowitz, M. W., & Bier, M. C. (2005). What works in character education: A research-driven guide for educators. Washington, DC: Character Education Partnership

Bloom, et al. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives, the classification of educational goals – handbook I: cognitive domain. London: Longmans

Brookhart, S. M. (2010). How to assess higjer order thinking skills in your classroom. Alexandria, VA: ASCD

Depdiknas. (2006). Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 22, Tahun 2006, tentang Standar Isi

Dick, W., Carey, L., & Carey, J. O. (2001). The systematic design of instruction (5th ed.). New York: Addison-Wesley Educational Publisher Inc.

Dimermen, S. (2009). Character is the key : How to unlock the best in our children and ourselves. Ontario: John Wiley & Sons Canada, Ltd.

Eggen, P., & Kauchak, D. (2012). Strategi dan model pembelajaran: mengajarkan konten dan keterampilan berpikir. (Terjemahan Satrio Wahono). Jakarta: PT Indeks

Ennis, R. H., (1985). Goals for a critical thinking curriculum. Dalam Costa, A. L. (Ed), Developing minds: a resource book for teaching thinking (pp. 54-57). Alexandria: ASCD

Fisher, R. (2010). Thinking Skill. Dalam Arthur, J. & Cremin, T. (Eds.), Learning to teach in the primary school (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge

Hutcheon, P. D. (1999). Building character and culture. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc

Kemdikbud. (2013). Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan RI Nomor 68, Tahun 2013, tentang Kerangka Dasar dan Struktur Kurikulum SMP/MTs

Kemdiknas. (2011). Panduan Pendidikan Karakter di Sekolah Menengah Pertama. Jakarta: Kemdiknas

Krulik, S., & Rudnick. J. A. (1999). Innovative Task to Improve Critical and Creative Thinking Skill. Dalam Stiff, Lee V. & Curcio, Frances R.(Eds). Developing Mathematical reasoning in Grades K-12 (p. 138). Reston, VA: NCTM

Lickona, T. (1991). Education for character: How our schools can teach respect and responbility. New York: Bantam Books

Liu, X. (2010). Essentials of science classroom assessment. Los Angeles: Sage Publication Ltd.

McMahon, G. P. (2007). Getting the HOTS with what’s in the box: developing higher order thinking skills within technology-rich learning environment. Doc¬toral dissertation, Curtin University of Technology, Bentley, West Australia

Mullis, I. V. S., et al.. (2012). TIMSS 2011 international result in mathematics. Chestnut hill, MA: TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center

Newby, T. J., et al. (2000). Instructional technology for teaching and learning: designing instruction, integrating computers, and using media. Upper Saddle River: Prentice-Hall, Inc

Nieveen, N. (1997). Computer support for curriculum developers: A study on the potential of computer support in the domain of formative evaluation. Doc¬toral dissertation, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands.

Nitko, A. J., & Brookhart, S. M. (2011). Educational assessment of student (6th ed.). Boston: Pearson Education

_____. (2013). PISA 2012 Assessment and Analytical Framework: Mathematics, Reading, Science, Problem Solving and Financial Literacy. Diambil pada 30 Agustus 2013, dari http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1787/9789264190511-en

OECD. (2013). PISA 2012 results infocus: what 15-year-olds know and what they can do with what they know. Diambil pada tanggal 25 Desember 2013, dari http://www.oecd.org/A/

Plomp, Tjeerd. (2010). Educational design research: an introduction. Dalam Plomp, Tjeerd & Nieveen, Nienke (Eds), An introduction to educational design research (9-35). Enschede: SLO

Pressesisen, B. Z. (1985). Thinking skill: meanings and models. Dalam Costa, A. L. (Ed), Developing minds: a resource book for teaching thinking (pp. 43-48). Alexandria: ASCD

Smaldino, S., et al. (2004). Instructional technology and media for learning (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill, Prentice-Hall.

Thiangarajan S., Semmel D., & Semmel M. I. (1974). Intructional development for training teachers of exceptional children: A Sourcebook. Minnesota: Central for Innovation on Teaching the Handicaped




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/pg.v9i1.9063

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


PYTHAGORAS: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika indexed by:


Creative Commons License Pythagoras is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/pythagoras.

All rights reserved p-ISSN: 1978-4538 | e-ISSN: 2527-421X

Visitor Number:

View Pythagoras Stats